8,634 research outputs found

    Embeddings of homogeneous spaces in prime characteristics

    Full text link
    Let GG be a reductive linear algebraic group. The simplest example of a projective homogeneous GG-variety in characteristic pp, not isomorphic to a flag variety, is the divisor x0y0p+x1y1p+x2y2p=0x_0 y_0^p+x_1 y_1^p+x_2 y_2^p=0 in P2×P2P^2\times P^2, which is SL3SL_3 modulo a non-reduced stabilizer containing the upper triangular matrices. In this paper embeddings of projective homogeneous spaces viewed as G/HG/H, where HH is any subgroup scheme containing a Borel subgroup, are studied. We prove that G/HG/H can be identified with the orbit of the highest weight line in the projective space over the simple GG-representation L(λ)L(\lambda) of a certain highest weight λ\lambda. This leads to some strange embeddings especially in characteristic 22, where we give an example in the C4C_4-case lying on the boundary of Hartshorne's conjecture on complete intersections. Finally we prove that ample line bundles on G/HG/H are very ample. This gives a counterexample to Kodaira type vanishing with a very ample line bundle, answering an old question of Raynaud.Comment: 10 pages, AMS-LaTe

    The Perturbed Static Path Approximation at Finite Temperature: Observables and Strength Functions

    Get PDF
    We present an approximation scheme for calculating observables and strength functions of finite fermionic systems at finite temperature such as hot nuclei. The approach is formulated within the framework of the Hubbard-Stratonovich transformation and goes beyond the static path approximation and the RPA by taking into account small amplitude time-dependent fluctuations around each static value of the auxiliary fields. We show that this perturbed static path approach can be used systematically to obtain good approximations for observable expectation values and for low moments of the strength function. The approximation for the strength function itself, extracted by an analytic continuation from the imaginary-time response function, is not always reliable, and we discuss the origin of the discrepancies and possible improvements. Our results are tested in a solvable many-body model.Comment: 37 pages, 8 postscript figures included, RevTe

    Role of the Pension Protection Fund in financial risk management of UK defined benefit pension sector: a multi-period economic capital study

    Get PDF
    With the advent of formal regulatory requirements for rigorous risk-based, or economic, capital quantification for the financial risk management of banking and insurance sectors, regulators and policy-makers are turning their attention to the pension sector, the other integral player in the financial markets. In this paper, we analyse the impact of applying economic capital techniques to defined benefit pension schemes in the United Kingdom. We propose two alternative economic capital quantification approaches, first, for individual defined benefit pension schemes on a stand-alone basis and then for the pension sector as a whole by quantifying economic capital of the UK’s Pension Protection Fund, which takes over eligible schemes with deficit, in the event of sponsor insolvency. We find that economic capital requirements for individual schemes are significantly high. However, we show that sharing risks through the Pension Protection Fund reduces the aggregate economic capital requirement of the entire sector

    Computational aspects of DNA mixture analysis

    Full text link
    Statistical analysis of DNA mixtures is known to pose computational challenges due to the enormous state space of possible DNA profiles. We propose a Bayesian network representation for genotypes, allowing computations to be performed locally involving only a few alleles at each step. In addition, we describe a general method for computing the expectation of a product of discrete random variables using auxiliary variables and probability propagation in a Bayesian network, which in combination with the genotype network allows efficient computation of the likelihood function and various other quantities relevant to the inference. Lastly, we introduce a set of diagnostic tools for assessing the adequacy of the model for describing a particular dataset

    Unifying Markov Properties for Graphical Models

    Get PDF
    Several types of graphs with different conditional independence interpretations --- also known as Markov properties --- have been proposed and used in graphical models. In this paper we unify these Markov properties by introducing a class of graphs with four types of edges --- lines, arrows, arcs, and dotted lines --- and a single separation criterion. We show that independence structures defined by this class specialize to each of the previously defined cases, when suitable subclasses of graphs are considered. In addition, we define a pairwise Markov property for the subclass of chain mixed graphs which includes chain graphs with the LWF interpretation, as well as summary graphs (and consequently ancestral graphs). We prove the equivalence of this pairwise Markov property to the global Markov property for compositional graphoid independence models.Comment: 31 Pages, 6 figures, 1 tabl

    Source term estimation from off-site radiation monitoring data

    Get PDF

    Markov properties for mixed graphs

    Get PDF
    In this paper, we unify the Markov theory of a variety of different types of graphs used in graphical Markov models by introducing the class of loopless mixed graphs, and show that all independence models induced by mm-separation on such graphs are compositional graphoids. We focus in particular on the subclass of ribbonless graphs which as special cases include undirected graphs, bidirected graphs, and directed acyclic graphs, as well as ancestral graphs and summary graphs. We define maximality of such graphs as well as a pairwise and a global Markov property. We prove that the global and pairwise Markov properties of a maximal ribbonless graph are equivalent for any independence model that is a compositional graphoid.Comment: Published in at http://dx.doi.org/10.3150/12-BEJ502 the Bernoulli (http://isi.cbs.nl/bernoulli/) by the International Statistical Institute/Bernoulli Society (http://isi.cbs.nl/BS/bshome.htm

    Discussion: Latent variable graphical model selection via convex optimization

    Full text link
    Discussion of "Latent variable graphical model selection via convex optimization" by Venkat Chandrasekaran, Pablo A. Parrilo and Alan S. Willsky [arXiv:1008.1290].Comment: Published in at http://dx.doi.org/10.1214/12-AOS980 the Annals of Statistics (http://www.imstat.org/aos/) by the Institute of Mathematical Statistics (http://www.imstat.org
    • …
    corecore