40 research outputs found

    Breastfeeding: The Essential Principles

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    Gelfer did not disclose any financial relationships relevant to this article. Objectives After completing this article, readers should be able to: 1. Understand the physiology of lactation. 2. Discuss the biologic specificity of human milk. 3. Delineate the benefits of breastfeeding for the infant, the mother, and the community. 4. Know relative and absolute contraindications to breastfeeding. 5. Describe current recommendations for breastfeeding

    Breastfeeding: The Essential Principles

    Get PDF
    Gelfer did not disclose any financial relationships relevant to this article. Objectives After completing this article, readers should be able to: 1. Understand the physiology of lactation. 2. Discuss the biologic specificity of human milk. 3. Delineate the benefits of breastfeeding for the infant, the mother, and the community. 4. Know relative and absolute contraindications to breastfeeding. 5. Describe current recommendations for breastfeeding

    Application of Data Mining Algorithm to Recipient of Motorcycle Installment

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    The study was conducted in the subsidiaries that provide services of finance related to the purchase of a motorcycle on credit. At the time of applying, consumers enter their personal data. Based on the personal data, it will be known whether the consumer credit data is approved or rejected. From 224 consumer data obtained, it is known that the number of consumers whose applications are approved is 87% or about 217 consumers and consumers whose application is rejected is 16% or as much as 6 consumers. Acceptance of motorcycle financing on credit by using the method of applying the algorithm through CRIS-P DM is the industry standard in the processing of data mining. The algorithm used in the decision making is the algorithm C4.5. The results obtained previously, the level of accuracy is measured with the Confusion Matrix and Receiver Operating characteristic (ROC). Evaluation of the Confusion Matrix is intended to seek the value of accuracy, precision value, and the value of recall data. While the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) is used to find data tables and comparison Area Under Curve (AUC)

    Silicate solubilizing and plant growth promoting bacteria interact with biogenic silica to impart heat stress tolerance in rice by modulating physiology and gene expression

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    Heat stress caused due to increasing warming climate has become a severe threat to global food production including rice. Silicon plays a major role in improving growth and productivity of rice by aiding in alleviating heat stress in rice. Soil silicon is only sparingly available to the crops can be made available by silicate solubilizing and plant-growth-promoting bacteria that possess the capacity to solubilize insoluble silicates can increase the availability of soluble silicates in the soil. In addition, plant growth promoting bacteria are known to enhance the tolerance to abiotic stresses of plants, by affecting the biochemical and physiological characteristics of plants. The present study is intended to understand the role of beneficial bacteria viz. Rhizobium sp. IIRR N1 a silicate solublizer and Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus, a plant growth promoting bacteria and their interaction with insoluble silicate sources on morpho-physiological and molecular attributes of rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings after exposure to heat stress in a controlled hydroponic system. Joint inoculation of silicates and both the bacteria increased silicon content in rice tissue, root and shoot biomass, significantly increased the antioxidant enzyme activities (viz. superoxidase dismutase, catalase and ascorbate peroxidase) compared to other treatments with sole application of either silicon or bacteria. The physiological traits (viz. chlorophyll content, relative water content) were also found to be significantly enhanced in presence of silicates and both the bacteria after exposure to heat stress conditions. Expression profiling of shoot and root tissues of rice seedlings revealed that seedlings grown in the presence of silicates and both the bacteria exhibited higher expression of heat shock proteins (HSPs viz., OsHsp90, OsHsp100 and 60‚ÄČkDa chaperonin), hormone-related genes (OsIAA6) and silicon transporters (OsLsi1 and OsLsi2) as compared to seedlings treated with either silicates or with the bacteria alone. The results thus reveal the interactive effect of combined application of silicates along with bacteria Rhizobium sp. IIRR N1, G. diazotrophicus inoculation not only led to augmented silicon uptake by rice seedlings but also influenced the plant biomass and elicited higher expression of HSPs, hormone-related and silicon transporter genes leading to improved tolerance of seedling to heat stress

    Plant-Mediated Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles: Their Characteristic Properties and Therapeutic Applications

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    Effectiveness of Competency Training Program on Modified Early Warning System (MEWS) upon the Knowledge of Nurses in Selected Hospitals, Chennai

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    Background: Adverse events results in unintended harm to the patients including permanent disability and death. MEWS was introduced to identify and document the deteriorating patients in hospital settings. Adequate training and education of nurses will enhance early recognition and response in preventing adverse events. Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of competency training program on MEWS among nurses. Methodology: A Quasi experimental study was conducted among nurses who were working in inpatient units of selected hospitals, Chennai. 140 nurses were selected as participants out of which (n=70) is constituted to experimental group and (n=70) was constituted to control group. Pre-test knowledge was assessed in both groups. Competency training program on MEWS was given to experimental group of nurses and post test was assessed after one month. Results: The mean post-test knowledge scores was significantly higher in experimental group (M=18.2) to that of control group (M=10.6) which shows the effectiveness of competency training program on MEWS with (t=22.29, p<0.001). Conclusion: The present study reveals that Competency training program on MEWS had a significant increase in the knowledge of nurses in the experimental group

    sj-docx-3-mde-10.1177_23821205231203783 - Supplemental material for Design, Implementation, and Evaluation of an Intensive Course on Issues in Women's Health and Gender-Based Medicine

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    Supplemental material, sj-docx-3-mde-10.1177_23821205231203783 for Design, Implementation, and Evaluation of an Intensive Course on Issues in Women's Health and Gender-Based Medicine by Maricedes Acosta-Martínez, Latha Chandran, Siobhan Cohen and Anat Biegon in Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development</p

    sj-docx-2-mde-10.1177_23821205231203783 - Supplemental material for Design, Implementation, and Evaluation of an Intensive Course on Issues in Women's Health and Gender-Based Medicine

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    Supplemental material, sj-docx-2-mde-10.1177_23821205231203783 for Design, Implementation, and Evaluation of an Intensive Course on Issues in Women's Health and Gender-Based Medicine by Maricedes Acosta-Martínez, Latha Chandran, Siobhan Cohen and Anat Biegon in Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development</p
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