15,348 research outputs found

    Faraday rotation variations along radio jets: the magnetic field in galaxy and group halos

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    Our modelling of FR I radio jets as decelerating, relativistic flows allows us to derive their orientations accurately. We present images of Faraday rotation for two of these these objects (3C 31 and NGC 315) and show that the fluctuations of rotation measure (RM) are larger in the fainter (receding) jets, as expected if the rotation occurs in the hot galaxy/group halos. The gas density is much lower in NGC 315 and the RM fluctuations are only just detectable.Comment: 3 pages, 2 figures, requires an.cls. To appear in the Proceedings of the International Conference: "The Origin and Evolution of Cosmic Magnetism"; Bologna 29 August - 2 September 2005; eds R. Beck, G. Brunetti, L. Feretti, and B. Gaensler (Astronomische Nachrichten, 2006

    Relativistic jet models for two low-luminosity radio galaxies: evidence for backflow?

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    We show that asymmetries in total intensity and linear polarization between the radio jets and counter-jets in two lobed Fanaroff-Riley Class I (FR I) radio galaxies, B2 0206+35 (UGC 1651) and B2 0755+37 (NGC 2484), can be accounted for if these jets are intrinsically symmetrical, with decelerating relativistic outflows surrounded by mildly relativistic backflows. Our interpretation is motivated by sensitive, well-resolved Very Large Array imaging which shows that both jets in both sources have a two-component structure transverse to their axes. Close to the jet axis, a centrally-darkened counter-jet lies opposite a centrally-brightened jet, but both are surrounded by broader collimated emission that is brighter on the counter-jet side. We have adapted our previous models of FR I jets as relativistic outflows to include an added component of symmetric backflow. We find that the observed radio emission, after subtracting contributions from the extended lobes, is well described by models in which decelerating outflows with parameters similar to those derived for jets in plumed FR I sources are surrounded by backflows containing predominantly toroidal magnetic fields. These return to within a few kpc of the galaxies with velocities of roughly 0.25c and radiate with a synchrotron spectral index close to 0.55. We discuss whether such backflow is to be expected in lobed FR I sources and suggest ways in which our hypothesis can be tested by further observations.Comment: 22 pages, 17 figures, accepted for publication in MNRA

    'The world is full of big bad wolves': investigating the experimental therapeutic spaces of R.D. Laing and Aaron Esterson

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    In conjunction with the recent critical assessments of the life and work of R.D. Laing, this paper seeks to demonstrate what is revealed when Laing’s work on families and created spaces of mental health care are examined through a geographical lens. The paper begins with an exploration of Laing’s time at the Tavistock Clinic in London during the 1960s, and of the co-authored text with Aaron Esterson entitled, Sanity, Madness and the Family (1964). The study then seeks to demonstrate the importance Laing and his colleague placed on the time-space situatedness of patients and their worlds. Finally, an account is provided of Laing’s and Esterson’s spatial thinking in relation to their creation of both real and imagined spaces of therapeutic care

    Raising a stink in The 'Owl and the nightingale': A new reading at line 115

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    Anglim\u27s Encyclopedia of religion and the law in America, 2nd ed. (Book Review)

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    A review of Anglim, C.T. (2009). Encyclopedia of religion and the law in America, 2nd ed. Amenia, NY: Grey House Publishing. 847 pp. $165.00. ISBN 978159237298
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