129 research outputs found

    Cosmic queuing: Galaxy satellites, building blocks and the hierarchical clustering paradigm

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    We study the properties of building blocks (BBs; i.e. accreted satellites) and surviving satellites of present-day galaxies using the semi-analytic model of galaxy formation SAG ('semi-analytic galaxies') in the context of a concordance Λ cold dark matter (ΛCDM) cosmology. We consider large number of dark matter (DM) halo merger trees spanning a wide range of masses (~1 × 1010-2.14 × 1015 M⊙). We find higher metallicities for BBs with respect to surviving satellites, an effect produced by the same processes behind the build up of the mass-metallicity relation. We prove that these metallicity differences arise from the higher peak height in the density fluctuation field occupied by BBs and central galaxies which have collapsed into a single object earlier than surviving satellites. BBs start to form stars earlier, during the peak 3/13/2011 ΛCDM, and build up half of their final stellar mass (measured at the moment of disruption) up to four times faster than surviving satellites. Surviving satellites keep increasing their stellar masses rather quiescently down to z ≃ 1. The difference between the metallicities of satellites, BBs and central galaxies depends on the host DM halo mass, in a way that can be used as a further test for the concordance cosmology.Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y Geofísica

    The far infra-red SEDs of main sequence and starburst galaxies

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    We compare observed far infra-red/sub-millimetre (FIR/sub-mm) galaxy spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of massive galaxies (M1010M_{\star}\gtrsim10^{10} h1h^{-1}M_{\odot}) derived through a stacking analysis with predictions from a new model of galaxy formation. The FIR SEDs of the model galaxies are calculated using a self-consistent model for the absorption and re-emission of radiation by interstellar dust based on radiative transfer calculations and global energy balance arguments. Galaxies are selected based on their position on the specific star formation rate (sSFR) - stellar mass (MM_{\star}) plane. We identify a main sequence of star-forming galaxies in the model, i.e. a well defined relationship between sSFR and MM_\star, up to redshift z6z\sim6. The scatter of this relationship evolves such that it is generally larger at higher stellar masses and higher redshifts. There is remarkable agreement between the predicted and observed average SEDs across a broad range of redshifts (0.5z40.5\lesssim z\lesssim4) for galaxies on the main sequence. However, the agreement is less good for starburst galaxies at z2z\gtrsim2, selected here to have elevated sSFRs>10×>10\times the main sequence value. We find that the predicted average SEDs are robust to changing the parameters of our dust model within physically plausible values. We also show that the dust temperature evolution of main sequence galaxies in the model is driven by star formation on the main sequence being more burst-dominated at higher redshifts.Comment: 20 pages, 13 figures. Accepted to MNRA

    The physical drivers of gas turbulence in simulated disc galaxies

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    We use the EAGLE cosmological simulations to study the evolution of the vertical velocity dispersion of cold gas, σz\sigma_{z}, in central disc galaxies and its connection to stellar feedback, gravitational instabilities, cosmological gas accretion and galaxy mergers. To isolate the impact of feedback, we analyse runs that turn off stellar and (or) AGN feedback in addition to a run that includes both. The evolution of σz\sigma_z and its dependence on stellar mass and star formation rate in EAGLE are in good agreement with observations. Galaxies hosted by haloes of similar virial mass, M200\rm M_{200}, have similar σz\sigma_z values even in runs where feedback is absent. The prevalence of local instabilities in discs is uncorrelated with σz\sigma_z at low redshift and becomes only weakly correlated at high redshifts and in galaxies hosted by massive haloes. σz\sigma_z correlates most strongly with the specific gas accretion rate onto the disc as well as with the degree of misalignment between the inflowing gas and the disc's rotation axis. These correlations are significant across all redshifts and halo masses, with misaligned accretion being the primary driver of high gas turbulence at redshifts z1z \lesssim 1 and for halo masses M2001011.5M\rm M_{200} \lesssim 10^{11.5} M_{\odot}. Galaxy mergers increase σz\sigma_z, but because they are rare in our sample, they play only a minor role in its evolution. Our results suggest that the turbulence of cold gas in EAGLE discs results from a complex interplay of different physical processes whose relative importance depends on halo mass and redshift.Comment: 22 pages, 12 figures. Accepted for publication in MNRA
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