118 research outputs found


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    In this paper we solve the hedge fund manager's optimization problem in a model that allows for investors to enter and leave the fund over time depending on its performance. The manager's payoff at the end of the year will then depend not just on the terminal value of the fund level, but also on the lowest and the highest value reached over that time. We establish equivalence to an optimal stopping problem for Brownian motion; by approximating this problem with the corresponding optimal stopping problem for a random walk we are led to a simple and efficient numerical scheme to find the solution, which we then illustrate with some examples.This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from the Applied Probability Trust via http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.jap/142176331

    Estimate nothing

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    In the econometrics of financial time series, it is customary to take some parametric model for the data, and then estimate the parameters from historical data. This approach suffers from several problems. Firstly, how is estimation error to be quantified, and then taken into account when making statements about the future behaviour of the observed time series? Secondly, decisions may be taken today committing to future actions over some quite long horizon, as in the trading of derivatives; if the model is re-estimated at some intermediate time, our earlier decisions would need to be revised - but the derivative has already been traded at the earlier price. Thirdly, the exact form of the parametric model to be used is generally taken as given at the outset; other competitor models might possibly work better in some circumstances, but the methodology does not allow them to be factored into the inference. What we propose here is a very simple (Bayesian) alternative approach to inference and action in financial econometrics which deals decisively with all these issues. The key feature is that nothing is being estimated.This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Taylor & Francis via http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14697688.2014.95167

    The least favorable noise

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    Suppose that a random variable X of interest is observed perturbed by independent additive noise Y. This paper concerns the “the least favorable perturbation” ˆ Y Δ , which maximizes the prediction error E ( X − E ( X | X + Y ) ) 2 in the class of Y with v a r ( Y ) ≀ Δ . We find a characterization of the answer to this question, and show by example that it can be surprisingly complicated. However, in the special case where X is infinitely divisible, the solution is complete and simple. We also explore the conjecture that noisier Y makes prediction worse

    Conditional Sampling for Max-Stable Processes with a Mixed Moving Maxima Representation

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    This paper deals with the question of conditional sampling and prediction for the class of stationary max-stable processes which allow for a mixed moving maxima representation. We develop an exact procedure for conditional sampling using the Poisson point process structure of such processes. For explicit calculations we restrict ourselves to the one-dimensional case and use a finite number of shape functions satisfying some regularity conditions. For more general shape functions approximation techniques are presented. Our algorithm is applied to the Smith process and the Brown-Resnick process. Finally, we compare our computational results to other approaches. Here, the algorithm for Gaussian processes with transformed marginals turns out to be surprisingly competitive.Comment: 35 pages; version accepted for publication in Extremes. The final publication is available at http://link.springer.co

    The strong weak convergence of the quasi-EA

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    In this paper, we investigate the convergence of a novel simulation scheme to the target diffusion process. This scheme, the Quasi-EA, is closely related to the Exact Algorithm (EA) for diffusion processes, as it is obtained by neglecting the rejection step in EA. We prove the existence of a myopic coupling between the Quasi-EA and the diffusion. Moreover, an upper bound for the coupling probability is given. Consequently we establish the convergence of the Quasi-EA to the diffusion with respect to the total variation distance

    The value of foresight

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    Suppose you have one unit of stock, currently worth 1, which you must sell before time T . The Optional Sampling Theorem tells us that whatever stopping time we choose to sell, the expected discounted value we get when we sell will be 1. Suppose however that we are able to see a units of time into the future, and base our stopping rule on that; we should be able to do better than expected value 1. But how much better can we do? And how would we exploit the additional information? The optimal solution to this problem will never be found, but in this paper we establish remarkably close bounds on the value of the problem, and we derive a fairly simple exercise rule that manages to extract most of the value of foresigh