22,869 research outputs found

    Effective size of a trapped atomic Bose gas

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    We investigate the temperature-dependent effective size of a trapped interacting atomic Bose gas within a mean field theory approximation. The sudden shrinking of the average length, as observed in an earlier experiment by Wang {\it et al.} [Chin. Phys. Lett. {\bf 20}, 799 (2003)], is shown to be a good indication for Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC). Our study also supports the use of the average width of a trapped Bose gas for a nondestructive calibration of its temperature.Comment: RevTex4, 6 pages, 4 eps figures, to appear in Phys. Rev.

    An effective quasi-one-dimensional description of a spin-1 atomic condensate

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    Within the mean field theory we extend the effective quasi-1D non-polynomial Schr\"{o}dinger equation (NPSE) approach to the description of a spin-1 atomic condensate in a tight radial confinement geometry for both weak and strong atom-atom interactions. Detailed comparisons with full time dependent 3D numerical simulations show excellent agreement as in the case of a single component scalar condensate, demonstrating our result as an efficient and effective tool for the understanding of spin-1 condensate dynamics observed in several recent experiments.Comment: 5 pages, 3 eps figures, to appear in Phys. Rev. A. Small typoes corrections. Updated Reference

    Bose-stimulated scattering off a cold atom trap

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    The angle and temperature dependence of the photon scattering rate for Bose-stimulated atom recoil transitions between occupied states is compared to diffraction and incoherent Rayleigh scattering near the Bose-Einstein transition for an optically thin trap in the limit of large particle number, N. Each of these processes has a range of angles and temperatures for which it dominates over the others by a divergent factor as N->oo.Comment: 18 pages (REVTeX), no figure
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