4,654 research outputs found

    Disorder-driven splitting of the conductance peak at the Dirac point in graphene

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    The electronic properties of a bricklayer model, which shares the same topology as the hexagonal lattice of graphene, are investigated numerically. We study the influence of random magnetic-field disorder in addition to a strong perpendicular magnetic field. We found a disorder-driven splitting of the longitudinal conductance peak within the narrow lowest Landau band near the Dirac point. The energy splitting follows a relation which is proportional to the square root of the magnetic field and linear in the disorder strength. We calculate the scale invariant peaks of the two-terminal conductance and obtain the critical exponents as well as the multifractal properties of the chiral and quantum Hall states. We found approximate values ν2.5\nu\approx 2.5 for the quantum Hall states, but ν=0.33±0.1\nu=0.33\pm 0.1 for the divergence of the correlation length of the chiral state at E=0 in the presence of a strong magnetic field. Within the central n=0n=0 Landau band, the multifractal properties of both the chiral and the split quantum Hall states are the same, showing a parabolic f[α(s)]f[\alpha(s)] distribution with α(0)=2.27±0.02\alpha(0)=2.27\pm 0.02. In the absence of the constant magnetic field, the chiral critical state is determined by α(0)=2.14±0.02\alpha(0)=2.14\pm 0.02

    Landau level splitting due to graphene superlattices

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    The Landau level spectrum of graphene superlattices is studied using a tight-binding approach. We consider non-interacting particles moving on a hexagonal lattice with an additional one-dimensional superlattice made up of periodic square potential barriers, which are oriented along the zig-zag or along the arm-chair directions of graphene. In the presence of a perpendicular magnetic field, such systems can be described by a set of one-dimensional tight-binding equations, the Harper equations. The qualitative behavior of the energy spectrum with respect to the strength of the superlattice potential depends on the relation between the superlattice period and the magnetic length. When the potential barriers are oriented along the arm-chair direction of graphene, we find for strong magnetic fields that the zeroth Landau level of graphene splits into two well separated sublevels, if the width of the barriers is smaller than the magnetic length. In this situation, which persists even in the presence of disorder, a plateau with zero Hall conductivity can be observed around the Dirac point. This Landau level splitting is a true lattice effect that cannot be obtained from the generally used continuum Dirac-fermion model.Comment: 12 pages, 9 figure

    Levitation of Current Carrying States in the Lattice Model for the Integer Quantum Hall Effect

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    The disorder driven quantum Hall to insulator transition is investigated for a two-dimensional lattice model. The Hall conductivity and the localization length are calculated numerically near the transition. For uncorrelated and weakly correlated disorder potentials the current carrying states are annihilated by the negative Chern states originating from the band center. In the presence of correlated disorder potentials with correlation length larger than approximately half the lattice constant the floating up of the critical states in energy without merging is observed. This behavior is similar to the levitation scenario proposed for the continuum model.Comment: 4 pages incl. 4 eps-figures. Published versio