859 research outputs found

    Indirect Detection of a Light Higgsino Motivated by Collider Data

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    Kane and Wells recently argued that collider data point to a Higgsino-like lightest supersymmetric partner which would explain the dark matter in our Galactic halo. They discuss direct detection of such dark-matter particles in laboratory detectors. Here, we argue that such a particle, if it is indeed the dark matter, might alternatively be accessible in experiments which search for energetic neutrinos from dark-matter annihilation in the Sun. We provide accurate analytic estimates for the rates which take into account all relevant physical effects. Currently, the predicted signal falls roughly one to three orders of magnitude below experimental bounds, depending on the mass and coupling of the particle; however, detectors such as MACRO, super-Kamiokande, and AMANDA will continue to take data and should be able to rule out or confirm an interesting portion of the possible mass range for such a dark-matter particle within the next five years.Comment: 10 pages, RevTe

    Neutrino Interactions at Ultrahigh Energies

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    We report new calculations of the cross sections for deeply inelastic neutrino-nucleon scattering at neutrino energies between 10^{9}\ev and 10^{21}\ev. We compare with results in the literature and assess the reliability of our predictions. For completeness, we briefly review the cross sections for neutrino interactions with atomic electrons, emphasizing the role of the WW-boson resonance in νˉee\bar{\nu}_{e}e interactions for neutrino energies in the neighborhood of 6.3\pev. Adopting model predictions for extraterrestrial neutrino fluxes from active galactic nuclei, gamma-ray bursters, and the collapse of topological defects, we estimate event rates in large-volume water \v{C}erenkov detectors and large-area ground arrays.Comment: 32 pages, 11 figures, uses RevTeX and boxedep

    Neutrino Interactions In Oscillation Experiments

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    We calculate neutrino induced cross-sections relevant for oscillation experiments, including the τ\tau-lepton threshold for quasi-elastic, resonance and deep inelastic scattering. In addition to threshold effects, we include nuclear corrections for heavy targets which are moderate for quasi-elastic and large for single pion production. Nuclear effects for deep inelastic reactions are small. We present cross sections together with their nuclear corrections for various channels which are useful for interpreting the experimental results and for determining parameters of the neutrino sector..Comment: 24 pages, 18 figure

    近十年关于毛泽东对资本主义认识的研究述评

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    本文对近年来有关毛泽东对资本主义的认识的演变、主张、局限性、改变认识的原因以及与列宁、刘 少奇、张闻天、邓小平等人的比较研究情况做了综述,认为毛泽东吸收借鉴了张闻天、刘少奇等的观点,形成了自 己对资本主义的认识。但后来改变了以往对资本主义的比较积极的看法而走向消极,表现出一定的局限性,改变的 原因也是多方面的。邓小平则创造性地发展了毛泽东的思想,大胆利用资本主义的文明成果,对于中国社会主义建 设起到了积极作用

    High Energy Neutrino Production by Cosmic Ray Interactions in the Sun

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    The flux of neutrinos originating from cosmic ray interactions with matter in the Sun has been calculated based on Monte Carlo models for high energy particle interactions. The resulting flux at the Earth (within the Sun's solid angle) is higher than the corresponding one from cosmic ray interactions with the Earth atmosphere. The smallness of the absolute rate, however, precludes it as a practical `standard candle' for neutrino telescopes and limits neutrino oscillation searches. On the other hand, it facilitates dark matter searches based on neutrinos from neutralino annihilation in the Sun.Comment: 14 pages, also available at http://www3.tsl.uu.se/thep/papers

    Ultra-High Energy Neutrino Fluxes: New Constraints and Implications

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    We apply new upper limits on neutrino fluxes and the diffuse extragalactic component of the GeV gamma-ray flux to various scenarios for ultra high energy cosmic rays and neutrinos. As a result we find that extra-galactic top-down sources can not contribute significantly to the observed flux of highest energy cosmic rays. The Z-burst mechanism where ultra-high energy neutrinos produce cosmic rays via interactions with relic neutrinos is practically ruled out if cosmological limits on neutrino mass and clustering apply.Comment: 10 revtex pages, 9 postscript figure

    A High Statistics Search for Ultra-High Energy Gamma-Ray Emission from Cygnus X-3 and Hercules X-1

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    We have carried out a high statistics (2 Billion events) search for ultra-high energy gamma-ray emission from the X-ray binary sources Cygnus X-3 and Hercules X-1. Using data taken with the CASA-MIA detector over a five year period (1990-1995), we find no evidence for steady emission from either source at energies above 115 TeV. The derived upper limits on such emission are more than two orders of magnitude lower than earlier claimed detections. We also find no evidence for neutral particle or gamma-ray emission from either source on time scales of one day and 0.5 hr. For Cygnus X-3, there is no evidence for emission correlated with the 4.8 hr X-ray periodicity or with the occurrence of large radio flares. Unless one postulates that these sources were very active earlier and are now dormant, the limits presented here put into question the earlier results, and highlight the difficulties that possible future experiments will have in detecting gamma-ray signals at ultra-high energies.Comment: 26 LaTeX pages, 16 PostScript figures, uses psfig.sty to be published in Physical Review

    Search for composite and exotic fermions at LEP 2

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    A search for unstable heavy fermions with the DELPHI detector at LEP is reported. Sequential and non-canonical leptons, as well as excited leptons and quarks, are considered. The data analysed correspond to an integrated luminosity of about 48 pb^{-1} at an e^+e^- centre-of-mass energy of 183 GeV and about 20 pb^{-1} equally shared between the centre-of-mass energies of 172 GeV and 161 GeV. The search for pair-produced new leptons establishes 95% confidence level mass limits in the region between 70 GeV/c^2 and 90 GeV/c^2, depending on the channel. The search for singly produced excited leptons and quarks establishes upper limits on the ratio of the coupling of the excited fermio

    Hadronization properties of b quarks compared to light quarks in e+e- -> q qbar from 183 to 200 GeV

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    The DELPHI detector at LEP has collected 54 pb^{-1} of data at a centre-of-mass energy around 183 GeV during 1997, 158 pb^{-1} around 189 GeV during 1998, and 187 pb^{-1} between 192 and 200 GeV during 1999. These data were used to measure the average charged particle multiplicity in e+e- -> b bbar events, _{bb}, and the difference delta_{bl} between _{bb} and the multiplicity, _{ll}, in generic light quark (u,d,s) events: delta_{bl}(183 GeV) = 4.55 +/- 1.31 (stat) +/- 0.73 (syst) delta_{bl}(189 GeV) = 4.43 +/- 0.85 (stat) +/- 0.61 (syst) delta_{bl}(200 GeV) = 3.39 +/- 0.89 (stat) +/- 1.01 (syst). This result is consistent with QCD predictions, while it is inconsistent with calculations assuming that the multiplicity accompanying the decay of a heavy quark is independent of the mass of the quark itself.Comment: 13 pages, 2 figure
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