3,268 research outputs found

    External losses in photoemission from strongly correlated quasi two-dimensional solids

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    New expressions are derived for photoemission, which allow experimental electron energy loss data to be used for estimating losses in photoemission. The derivation builds on new results for dielectric response and mean free paths of strongly correlated systems of two dimensional layers. Numerical evaluations are made for Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8Bi_{2}Sr_{2}CaCu_{2}O_{8} (Bi2212) by using a parametrized loss function. The mean free path for Bi2212 is calculated and found to be substantially larger than obtained by Norman et al in a recent paper. The photocurrent is expressed as the convolution of the intrinsic approximation for the current from a specific 2D layer with an effective loss function. The observed current is the sum of such currents from the first few layers. The photo electron from a specific CuOCuO layer is found to excite low energy acoustic plasmon modes due to the coupling between the CuOCuO layers. These modes give rise to an asymmetric power law broadening of the photo current an isolated two dimensional layer would have given. We define an asymmetry index where a contribution from a Luttinger lineshape is additive to the contribution from our broadening function. Already the loss effect considered here gives broadening comparable to what is observed experimentally. A superconductor with a gapped loss function is predicted to have a peak-dip-hump lineshape similar to what has been observed, and with the same qualitative behavior as predicted in the recent work by Campuzano et al.Comment: 17 pages, 10 figure

    GW band structure of InAs and GaAs in the wurtzite phase

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    We report the first quasiparticle calculations of the newly observed wurtzite polymorph of InAs and GaAs. The calculations are performed in the GW approximation using plane waves and pseudopotentials. For comparison we also report the study of the zinc-blende phase within the same approximations. In the InAs compound the In 4d electrons play a very important role: whether they are frozen in the core or not, leads either to a correct or a wrong band ordering (negative gap) within the Local Density Appproximation (LDA). We have calculated the GW band structure in both cases. In the first approach, we have estimated the correction to the pd repulsion calculated within the LDA and included this effect in the calculation of the GW corrections to the LDA spectrum. In the second case, we circumvent the negative gap problem by first using the screened exchange approximation and then calculating the GW corrections starting from the so obtained eigenvalues and eigenfunctions. This approach leads to a more realistic band-structure and was also used for GaAs. For both InAs and GaAs in the wurtzite phase we predict an increase of the quasiparticle gap with respect to the zinc-blende polytype.Comment: 9 pages, 6 figures, 3 table

    Density dependent spin susceptibility and effective mass in interacting quasi-two dimensional electron systems

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    Motivated by recent experimental reports, we carry out a Fermi liquid many-body calculation of the interaction induced renormalization of the spin susceptibility and effective mass in realistic two dimensional (2D) electron systems as a function of carrier density using the leading-order `ladder-bubble' expansion in the dynamically screened Coulomb interaction. Using realistic material parameters for various semiconductor-based 2D systems, we find reasonable quantitative agreement with recent experimental susceptibility and effective mass measurements. We point out a number of open questions regarding quantitative aspects of the comparison between theory and experiment in low-density 2D electron systems

    Spin-dependent Hedin's equations

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    Hedin's equations for the electron self-energy and the vertex were originally derived for a many-electron system with Coulomb interaction. In recent years it has been increasingly recognized that spin interactions can play a major role in determining physical properties of systems such as nanoscale magnets or of interfaces and surfaces. We derive a generalized set of Hedin's equations for quantum many-body systems containing spin interactions, e.g. spin-orbit and spin-spin interactions. The corresponding spin-dependent GW approximation is constructed.Comment: 5 pages, 1 figur

    Dependence of electronic polarization on octahedral rotations in TbMnO3 from first principles

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    The electronic contribution to the magnetically induced polarization in orthorhombic TbMnO3 is studied from first principles. We compare the cases in which the spin cycloid, which induces the electric polarization via the spin-orbit interaction, is in either the b-c or a-b plane. We find that the electronic contribution is negligible in the first case, but much larger, and comparable to the lattice-mediated contribution, in the second case. However, we how that this behavior is an artifact of the particular pattern of octahedral rotations characterizing the structurally relaxed Pbnm crystal structure. To do so, we explore how the electronic contribution varies for a structural model of rigidly rotated MnO6 octahedra, and demonstrate that it can vary over a wide range, comparable with the lattice-mediated contribution, for both b-c and a-b spirals. We introduce a phenomenological model that is capable of describing this behavior in terms of sums of symmetry-constrained contributions arising from the displacements of oxygen atoms from the centers of the Mn-Mn bonds.Comment: 8 pages, 5 figures, 3 table

    Ab initio calculation of the binding energy of impurities in semiconductors: Application to Si nanowires

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    We discuss the binding energy E_b of impurities in semiconductors within density functional theory (DFT) and the GW approximation, focusing on donors in nanowires as an example. We show that DFT succeeds in the calculation of E_b from the Kohn-Sham (KS) hamiltonian of the ionized impurity, but fails in the calculation of E_b from the KS hamiltonian of the neutral impurity, as it misses most of the interaction of the bound electron with the surface polarization charges of the donor. We trace this deficiency back to the lack of screened exchange in the present functionals

    Theoretical analysis of STM-derived lifetimes of excitations in the Shockley surface state band of Ag(111)

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    We present a quantitative many-body analysis using the GW approximation of the decay rate Γ\Gamma due to electron-electron scattering of excitations in the Shockley surface state band of Ag(111), as measured using the scanning tunnelling microscope (STM). The calculations include the perturbing influence of the STM, which causes a Stark-shift of the surface state energy EE and concomitant increase in Γ\Gamma. We find Γ\Gamma varies more rapidly with EE than recently found for image potential states, where the STM has been shown to significantly affect measured lifetimes. For the Shockley states, the Stark-shifts that occur under normal tunnelling conditions are relatively small and previous STM-derived lifetimes need not be corrected.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

    Electron self-energy in A3C60 (A=K, Rb): Effects of t1u plasmon in GW approximation

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    The electron self-energy of the t1u states in A3C60 (A=K, Rb) is calculated using the so-called GW approximation. The calculation is performed within a model which considers the t1u charge carrier plasmon at 0.5 eV and takes into account scattering of the electrons within the t1u band. A moderate reduction (35 %) of the t1u band width is obtained.Comment: 4 pages, revtex, 1 figure more information at http://www.mpi-stuttgart.mpg.de/dokumente/andersen/fullerene
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