3,268 research outputs found

### External losses in photoemission from strongly correlated quasi two-dimensional solids

New expressions are derived for photoemission, which allow experimental
electron energy loss data to be used for estimating losses in photoemission.
The derivation builds on new results for dielectric response and mean free
paths of strongly correlated systems of two dimensional layers. Numerical
evaluations are made for $Bi_{2}Sr_{2}CaCu_{2}O_{8}$ (Bi2212) by using a
parametrized loss function. The mean free path for Bi2212 is calculated and
found to be substantially larger than obtained by Norman et al in a recent
paper. The photocurrent is expressed as the convolution of the intrinsic
approximation for the current from a specific 2D layer with an effective loss
function. The observed current is the sum of such currents from the first few
layers. The photo electron from a specific $CuO$ layer is found to excite low
energy acoustic plasmon modes due to the coupling between the $CuO$ layers.
These modes give rise to an asymmetric power law broadening of the photo
current an isolated two dimensional layer would have given. We define an
asymmetry index where a contribution from a Luttinger lineshape is additive to
the contribution from our broadening function. Already the loss effect
considered here gives broadening comparable to what is observed experimentally.
A superconductor with a gapped loss function is predicted to have a
peak-dip-hump lineshape similar to what has been observed, and with the same
qualitative behavior as predicted in the recent work by Campuzano et al.Comment: 17 pages, 10 figure

### GW band structure of InAs and GaAs in the wurtzite phase

We report the first quasiparticle calculations of the newly observed wurtzite
polymorph of InAs and GaAs. The calculations are performed in the GW
approximation using plane waves and pseudopotentials. For comparison we also
report the study of the zinc-blende phase within the same approximations. In
the InAs compound the In 4d electrons play a very important role: whether they
are frozen in the core or not, leads either to a correct or a wrong band
ordering (negative gap) within the Local Density Appproximation (LDA). We have
calculated the GW band structure in both cases. In the first approach, we have
estimated the correction to the pd repulsion calculated within the LDA and
included this effect in the calculation of the GW corrections to the LDA
spectrum. In the second case, we circumvent the negative gap problem by first
using the screened exchange approximation and then calculating the GW
corrections starting from the so obtained eigenvalues and eigenfunctions. This
approach leads to a more realistic band-structure and was also used for GaAs.
For both InAs and GaAs in the wurtzite phase we predict an increase of the
quasiparticle gap with respect to the zinc-blende polytype.Comment: 9 pages, 6 figures, 3 table

### Density dependent spin susceptibility and effective mass in interacting quasi-two dimensional electron systems

Motivated by recent experimental reports, we carry out a Fermi liquid
many-body calculation of the interaction induced renormalization of the spin
susceptibility and effective mass in realistic two dimensional (2D) electron
systems as a function of carrier density using the leading-order
`ladder-bubble' expansion in the dynamically screened Coulomb interaction.
Using realistic material parameters for various semiconductor-based 2D systems,
we find reasonable quantitative agreement with recent experimental
susceptibility and effective mass measurements. We point out a number of open
questions regarding quantitative aspects of the comparison between theory and
experiment in low-density 2D electron systems

### Spin-dependent Hedin's equations

Hedin's equations for the electron self-energy and the vertex were originally
derived for a many-electron system with Coulomb interaction. In recent years it
has been increasingly recognized that spin interactions can play a major role
in determining physical properties of systems such as nanoscale magnets or of
interfaces and surfaces. We derive a generalized set of Hedin's equations for
quantum many-body systems containing spin interactions, e.g. spin-orbit and
spin-spin interactions. The corresponding spin-dependent GW approximation is
constructed.Comment: 5 pages, 1 figur

### Dependence of electronic polarization on octahedral rotations in TbMnO3 from first principles

The electronic contribution to the magnetically induced polarization in
orthorhombic TbMnO3 is studied from first principles. We compare the cases in
which the spin cycloid, which induces the electric polarization via the
spin-orbit interaction, is in either the b-c or a-b plane. We find that the
electronic contribution is negligible in the first case, but much larger, and
comparable to the lattice-mediated contribution, in the second case. However,
we how that this behavior is an artifact of the particular pattern of
octahedral rotations characterizing the structurally relaxed Pbnm crystal
structure. To do so, we explore how the electronic contribution varies for a
structural model of rigidly rotated MnO6 octahedra, and demonstrate that it can
vary over a wide range, comparable with the lattice-mediated contribution, for
both b-c and a-b spirals. We introduce a phenomenological model that is capable
of describing this behavior in terms of sums of symmetry-constrained
contributions arising from the displacements of oxygen atoms from the centers
of the Mn-Mn bonds.Comment: 8 pages, 5 figures, 3 table

### Ab initio calculation of the binding energy of impurities in semiconductors: Application to Si nanowires

We discuss the binding energy E_b of impurities in semiconductors within
density functional theory (DFT) and the GW approximation, focusing on donors in
nanowires as an example. We show that DFT succeeds in the calculation of E_b
from the Kohn-Sham (KS) hamiltonian of the ionized impurity, but fails in the
calculation of E_b from the KS hamiltonian of the neutral impurity, as it
misses most of the interaction of the bound electron with the surface
polarization charges of the donor. We trace this deficiency back to the lack of
screened exchange in the present functionals

### Theoretical analysis of STM-derived lifetimes of excitations in the Shockley surface state band of Ag(111)

We present a quantitative many-body analysis using the GW approximation of
the decay rate $\Gamma$ due to electron-electron scattering of excitations in
the Shockley surface state band of Ag(111), as measured using the scanning
tunnelling microscope (STM). The calculations include the perturbing influence
of the STM, which causes a Stark-shift of the surface state energy $E$ and
concomitant increase in $\Gamma$. We find $\Gamma$ varies more rapidly with $E$
than recently found for image potential states, where the STM has been shown to
significantly affect measured lifetimes. For the Shockley states, the
Stark-shifts that occur under normal tunnelling conditions are relatively small
and previous STM-derived lifetimes need not be corrected.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

### Electron self-energy in A3C60 (A=K, Rb): Effects of t1u plasmon in GW approximation

The electron self-energy of the t1u states in A3C60 (A=K, Rb) is calculated
using the so-called GW approximation. The calculation is performed within a
model which considers the t1u charge carrier plasmon at 0.5 eV and takes into
account scattering of the electrons within the t1u band. A moderate reduction
(35 %) of the t1u band width is obtained.Comment: 4 pages, revtex, 1 figure more information at
http://www.mpi-stuttgart.mpg.de/dokumente/andersen/fullerene

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