7,345 research outputs found

    Maximal supersymmetry and exceptional groups

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    The article is a tribute to my old mentor, collaborator and friend Murray Gell-Mann. In it I describe work by Pierre Ramond, Sung-Soo Kim and myself where we describe the N = 8 Supergravity in the light-cone formalism. We show how the Cremmer-Julia E7(7) non-linear symmetry is implemented and how the full supermultiplet is a representation of the E7(7) symmetry. I also show how the E7(7) symmetry is a key to understand the higher order couplings in the theory and is very useful when we discuss possible counterterms for this theory.Comment: Proceedings of Conference in Honour of Murray Gell-Mann's 80th Birthda

    Oxidizing SuperYang-Mills from (N=4,d=4) to (N=1,d=10)

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    We introduce superspace generalizations of the transverse derivatives to rewrite the four-dimensional N=4 Yang-Mills theory into the fully ten-dimensional N=1 Yang-Mills in light-cone form. The explicit SuperPoincare algebra is constructed and invariance of the ten-dimensional action is proved.Comment: 15 page

    The BLG Theory in Light-Cone Superspace

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    The light-cone superspace version of the d=3, N=8 superconformal theory of Bagger, Lambert and Gustavsson (BLG) is obtained as a solution to constraints imposed by OSp(2,2|8) superalgebra. The Hamiltonian of the theory is shown to be a quadratic form of the dynamical supersymmetry transformation.Comment: 45 pages, v2: reference added, minor typos corrected, published versio

    Direct Detection of Non-Chiral Dark Matter

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    Direct detection experiments rule out fermion dark matter that is a chiral representation of the electroweak gauge group. Non-chiral real, complex and singlet representations, however, provide viable fermion dark matter candidates. Although any one of these candidates will be virtually impossible to detect at the LHC, it is shown that they may be detected at future planned direct detection experiments. For the real case, an irreducible radiative coupling to quarks may allow a detection. The complex case in general has an experimentally ruled out tree-level coupling to quarks via Z-boson exchange. However, in the case of two SU(2)_L doublets, a higher dimensional coupling to the Higgs can suppress this coupling, and a remaining irreducible radiative coupling may allow a detection. Singlet dark matter could be detected through a coupling to quarks via Higgs exchange. Since all non-chiral dark matter can have a coupling to the Higgs, at least some of its mass can be obtained from electroweak symmetry breaking, and this mass is a useful characterization of its direct detection cross-section.Comment: 22 pages, 3 figures. References added. Minor corrections to match published versio

    Determining the Electron-Phonon Coupling Strength in Correlated Electron Systems from Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering

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    We show that high resolution Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering (RIXS) provides direct, element-specific and momentum-resolved information on the electron-phonon (e-p) coupling strength. Our theoretical analysis demonstrates that the e-p coupling can be extracted from RIXS spectra by determining the differential phonon scattering cross section. An alternative, very direct manner to extract the coupling is to use the one and two-phonon loss ratio, which is governed by the e-p coupling strength and the core-hole life-time. This allows measurement of the e-p coupling on an absolute energy scale.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

    Jet mixing under the influence of a pressure gradient

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    Theoretical analysis of jet mixing under influence of non-constant pressure gradien

    How massless are massless fields in AdSdAdS_d

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    Massless fields of generic Young symmetry type in AdSdAdS_d space are analyzed. It is demonstrated that in contrast to massless fields in Minkowski space whose physical degrees of freedom transform in irreps of o(d‚ąí2)o(d-2) algebra, AdSAdS massless mixed symmetry fields reduce to a number of irreps of o(d‚ąí2)o(d-2) algebra. From the field theory perspective this means that not every massless field in flat space admits a deformation to AdSdAdS_d with the same number of degrees of freedom, because it is impossible to keep all of the flat space gauge symmetries unbroken in the AdS space. An equivalent statement is that, generic irreducible AdS massless fields reduce to certain reducible sets of massless fields in the flat limit. A conjecture on the general pattern of the flat space limit of a general AdSdAdS_d massless field is made. The example of the three-cell ``hook'' Young diagram is discussed in detail. In particular, it is shown that only a combination of the three-cell flat-space field with a graviton-like field admits a smooth deformation to AdSdAdS_d.Comment: 23 pages, LaTeX, a few typos correcte
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