482 research outputs found

    The 2011 October Draconids Outburst. II. Meteoroid Chemical Abundances from Fireball Spectroscopy

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    On October 8, 2011 the Earth crossed dust trails ejected from comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner in the late 19th and early 20th Century. This gave rise to an outburst in the activity of the October Draconid meteor shower, and an international team was organized to analyze this event. The SPanish Meteor Network (SPMN) joined this initiative and recorded the October Draconids by means of low light level CCD cameras. In addition, spectroscopic observations were carried out. Tens of multi-station meteor trails were recorded, including an extraordinarily bright October Draconid fireball (absolute mag. -10.5) that was simultaneously imaged from three SPMN meteor ob-serving stations located in Andalusia. Its spectrum was obtained, showing a clear evolution in the relative intensity of emission lines as the fireball penetrated deeper into the atmosphere. Here we focus on the analysis of this remarkable spectrum, but also discuss the atmospheric trajectory, atmospheric penetration, and orbital data computed for this bolide which was probably released during 21P/Giacobini-Zinner return to perihelion in 1907. The spectrum is discussed together with the tensile strength for the October Draconid meteoroids. The chemical profile evolution of the main rocky elements for this extremely bright bolide is compared with the elemental abundances obtained for 5 October Draconid fireballs also recorded during our spectroscopic campaign but observed only at a single station. Significant chemical heterogeneity between the small meteoroids is found as we should expect for cometary aggregates being formed by diverse dust components.Comment: Manuscript in press in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. Accepted for publication in MNRAS on April 28th, 2013 Manuscript Pages: 28 Tables: 5 Figures: 12. Manuscript associated: "The 2011 October Draconids outburst. I. Orbital elements, meteoroid fluxes and 21P/Giacobini-Zinner delivered mass to Earth" by Trigo-Rodriguez et al. is also in press in the same journa

    To involvement the conformation of the adenine nucleotide translocase in opening the Tl+-induced permeability transition pore in Ca2+-loaded rat liver mitochondria

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    The conformation of adenine nucleotide translocase (ANT) has a profound impact in opening the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) in the inner membrane. Fixing the ANT in 'c' conformation by phenylarsine oxide (PAO), tert-butylhydroperoxide (tBHP), and carboxyatractyloside as well as the interaction of 4,4'-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonate (DIDS) with mitochondrial thiols markedly attenuated the ability of ADP to inhibit the MPTP opening. We earlier found (Korotkov and Saris, 2011) that calcium load of rat liver mitochondria in medium containing TINO3 and KNO3 stimulated the Tl+-induced MPTP opening in the inner mitochondrial membrane. The MPTP opening as well as followed increase in swelling, a drop in membrane potential (Delta Psi(mito)), and a decrease in state 3, state 4, and 2,4-dinitrophenol-uncoupled respiration were visibly enhanced in the presence of PAO, tBHP, DIDS, and carboxyatractyloside. However, these effects were markedly inhibited by ADP and membrane-penetrant hydrophobic thiol reagent, N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) which fix the ANT in 'm' conformation. Cyclosporine A additionally potentiated these effects of ADP and NEM. Our data suggest that conformational changes of the ANT may be directly involved in the opening of the Tl+-induced MPTP in the inner membrane of Ca2+-loaded rat liver mitochondria. Using the Tl+-induced MPTP model is discussed in terms finding new transition pore inhibitors and inducers among different chemical and natural compounds. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.Peer reviewe

    Postural balance strategies for experienced rhythmic gymnasts in two-legged stands

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    Objective: The purpose of this study was to find out the indicators of the distribution of plantar pressure in the two-legged stands with open and closed eyes in experienced rhythmic gymnasts.Materials and methods: 31 highly qualified gymnasts (candidates and masters of sports of Russia), age 18.5 ± 0.5 years, experience in rhythmic gymnastics 13.5 ± 1.5, performed three upright postures on the footscan ® podometric platform of RSscan: the main stand, a modified Romberg test with open and closed eyes. Postural control was assessed by quantifying the plantar pressure (P%) in relation to 4 zones of the right and left foot and the trajectory of the movement of the center of pressure (CP) over time intervals.Results: The results of the study showed the presence of a right-sided distribution of plantar pressure in two-legged stands in experienced gymnasts. The regulation of posture occurs mainly in the anterior-posterior direction, but has different strategies for managing balance. The sagittal-cross pattern determines the interaction of plantar pressure between the right and left feet in the basic pose. The Romberg test with open eyes (EO) and closed eyes (EC) characterizes sagittal-parallel and sagittal-asymmetric balance, respectively. We revealed an increase in the vibrations of the gymnast's body in the absence of visual information for only the first 12 seconds.Conclusions: We have identified a variety of combinations of two types of strategies while maintaining posture in simple poses. This indicates the ability of experienced gymnasts to fine-tune the postural stability, including in the absence of visual information

    The influenza epidemic in Russia during the 2014–2015 season

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    The goal of this study was to compare the data on the intensity of the influenza A(H3N2) and B epidemic (especially the death toll) in the 2014–2015 season with the previous epidemic of the 2013-2014 season. The data on weekly morbidity, hospitalization, deaths from influenza, and acute respiratory diseases in different age groups of inhabitants of 59 cities located in 7 Federal districts of the Russian Federation were collected using the database of the Research Institute of Influenza.Analysis of this data showed that the influenza epidemic in 2014-2015 began earlier (in December) compared to the epidemic of 2013-2014, and spread mainly from Europe through Russia to the East. The intensity of the epidemic of 2014-2015 was higher compared to the previous one. The epidemic was more prevalent by regions and cities and a wider engagement of different age groups (except children up to 2 years of age) was observed. At the peak of the epidemic, the morbidity level was higher, the average duration of the epidemic was longer, and the number of patients among cities’ inhabitants (especially among children 7-14 years of age and adults) was higher than in the previous season. The rates of hospitalization with influenza and acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) among patients older than 65 years were also higher (1.4 times) as well as the frequency of hospitalization with a diagnosis of “influenza” (2.7 times) and the number of deaths from laboratory confirmed influenza (1.8 times).Although the influenza pandemic virus strain A(H1N1)pdm09 was not the main causative agent of the 2015 epidemic and was distributed sporadically it still remained the leading cause of deaths from influenza in the course of this epidemic (45.5% of all cases). The deaths associated with this strain were recorded only in the European part of Russian Federation.The goal of this study was to compare the data on the intensity of the influenza A(H3N2) and B epidemic (especially the death toll) in the 2014–2015 season with the previous epidemic of the 2013-2014 season. The data on weekly morbidity, hospitalization, deaths from influenza, and acute respiratory diseases in different age groups of inhabitants of 59 cities located in 7 Federal districts of the Russian Federation were collected using the database of the Research Institute of Influenza. Analysis of this data showed that the influenza epidemic in 2014-2015 began earlier (in December) compared to the epidemic of 2013-2014, and spread mainly from Europe through Russia to the East. The intensity of the epidemic of 2014-2015 was higher compared to the previous one. The epidemic was more prevalent by regions and cities and a wider engagement of different age groups (except children up to 2 years of age) was observed. At the peak of the epidemic, the morbidity level was higher, the average duration of the epidemic was longer, and the number of patients among cities’ inhabitants (especially among children 7-14 years of age and adults) was higher than in the previous season. The rates of hospitalization with influenza and acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) among patients older than 65 years were also higher (1.4 times) as well as the frequency of hospitalization with a diagnosis of “influenza” (2.7 times) and the number of deaths from laboratory confirmed influenza (1.8 times). Although the influenza pandemic virus strain A(H1N1)pdm09 was not the main causative agent of the 2015 epidemic and was distributed sporadically it still remained the leading cause of deaths from influenza in the course of this epidemic (45.5% of all cases). The deaths associated with this strain were recorded only in the European part of Russian Federation

    SOCIAL SIGNIFICANCE OF THE EXHIBITION PROJECT “URAL CROSSROADS. IN SEARCH OF THE WAY”

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    Авторы рассказывают об опыте создания и реализации проекта, направленного на поддержку краеведческих инициатив в Свердловской области. Формирование идентичности на основе историко-культурного наследия рассматривается как ресурс развития населенных пунктов. Раскрывается не только просветительская, но и социальная роль данного проекта.The authors talk about the experience of creating and implementing a project support local history initiatives in the Sverdlovsk region. Formation of identity based of historical and cultural heritage is considered a resource for the developing communities. Not only the educational but also the social role of this project is revealed

    DIAGNOSTICS OF HELICOBACTER PYLORI INFECTION BY ENZYME IMMUNOASSAY IN PATIENTS WITH CALCULOUS CHOLECYSTITIS

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    In recentyears, the interest in the significance of Helicobacter pylori in various pathological processes is growing. The most studied is the role of Helicobacter pylori in gastroduodenal pathology. Gallstone disease is one of the most common diseases of the digestive system. Inflammatory changes in the biliary tract aggravate the clinical course of gallstone disease both in the preoperative and in the postoperative period and cause strictures, deformations of the extra hepatic bile ducts in the long term. One of the most threatening complications of gallstone disease is acute cholecystitis. Determination of IgG to Helicobacter pylori in complex diagnosis is important in patients with calculous cholecystitis. We conducted a prospective study of patients (n = 105) aged 30 to 50 years, suffering from different variants of calculous cholecystitis, in the preoperative and postoperative period by enzyme immunoassay. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay is reliable, affordable, least invasive method for diagnosing H. pylori infection. In patients with calculous cholecystitis, we marked a significant increase in IgG antibodies to Helicobacter pylori before surgical intervention and a subsequent reduction 10 days after it. Diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection of the gallbladder increases therapeutic efficiency and helps to develop preventive measures for complications of gallstone disease

    The 2011 October Draconids outburst-II. Meteoroid chemical abundances from fireball spectroscopy

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    On 2011 October 8, the Earth crossed dust trails ejected from comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner in the late 19th and early 20th Century. This gave rise to an outburst in the activity of the October Draconid meteor shower, and an international team was organized to analyse this event. The SPanish Meteor Network (SPMN) joined this initiative and recorded the October Draconids by means of low-light level CCD cameras. In addition, spectroscopic observations were carried out. Tens of multistation meteor trails were recorded, including an extraordinarily bright October Draconid fireball (absolute magnitude-10.5) that was simultaneously imaged from three SPMN meteor observing stations located in Andalusia. Its spectrum was obtained, showing a clear evolution in the relative intensity of emission lines as the fireball penetrated deeper into the atmosphere. Here, we focus on the analysis of this remarkable spectrum, but also discuss the atmospheric trajectory, atmospheric penetration and orbital data computed for this bolide which was probably released during 21P/Giacobini-Zinner return to perihelion in 1907. The spectrum is discussed together with the tensile strength for the October Draconid meteoroids. The chemical profile evolution of the main rocky elements for this extremely bright bolide is compared with the elemental abundances obtained for five October Draconid fireballs also recorded during our spectroscopic campaign but observed only at a single station. Significant chemical heterogeneity between the small meteoroids is found as we should expect for cometary aggregates being formed by diverse dust components.Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación AYA2009-13227, AYA2009-14000-C03- 01, AYA2011-26522Junta de Andalucía P09-FQM4555CSIC 201050I04

    The 2011 October Draconids outburst-II. Meteoroid chemical abundances from fireball spectroscopy

    Get PDF
    On 2011 October 8, the Earth crossed dust trails ejected from comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner in the late 19th and early 20th Century. This gave rise to an outburst in the activity of the October Draconid meteor shower, and an international team was organized to analyse this event. The SPanish Meteor Network (SPMN) joined this initiative and recorded the October Draconids by means of low-light level CCD cameras. In addition, spectroscopic observations were carried out. Tens of multistation meteor trails were recorded, including an extraordinarily bright October Draconid fireball (absolute magnitude-10.5) that was simultaneously imaged from three SPMN meteor observing stations located in Andalusia. Its spectrum was obtained, showing a clear evolution in the relative intensity of emission lines as the fireball penetrated deeper into the atmosphere. Here, we focus on the analysis of this remarkable spectrum, but also discuss the atmospheric trajectory, atmospheric penetration and orbital data computed for this bolide which was probably released during 21P/Giacobini-Zinner return to perihelion in 1907. The spectrum is discussed together with the tensile strength for the October Draconid meteoroids. The chemical profile evolution of the main rocky elements for this extremely bright bolide is compared with the elemental abundances obtained for five October Draconid fireballs also recorded during our spectroscopic campaign but observed only at a single station. Significant chemical heterogeneity between the small meteoroids is found as we should expect for cometary aggregates being formed by diverse dust components.Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación AYA2009-13227, AYA2009-14000-C03- 01, AYA2011-26522Junta de Andalucía P09-FQM4555CSIC 201050I04
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