43,928 research outputs found

    Txt2vz: a new tool for generating graph clouds

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    We present txt2vz (txt2vz.appspot.com), a new tool for automatically generating a visual summary of unstructured text data found in documents or web sites. The main purpose of the tool is to give the user information about the text so that they can quickly get a good idea about the topics covered. Txt2vz is able to identify important concepts from unstructured text data and to reveal relationships between those concepts. We discuss other approaches to generating diagrams from text and highlight the differences between tag clouds, word clouds, tree clouds and graph clouds

    A new model for the double well potential

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    A new model for the double well potential is presented in the paper. In the new potential, the exchanging rate could be easily calculated by the perturbation method in supersymmetric quantum mechanics. It gives good results whether the barrier is high or sallow. The new model have many merits and may be used in the double well problem.Comment: 3pages, 3figure

    Universal Quantum Degeneracy Point for Superconducting Qubits

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    The quantum degeneracy point approach [D. Vion et al., Science 296, 886 (2002)] effectively protects superconducting qubits from low-frequency noise that couples with the qubits as transverse noise. However, low-frequency noise in superconducting qubits can originate from various mechanisms and can couple with the qubits either as transverse or as longitudinal noise. Here, we present a quantum circuit containing a universal quantum degeneracy point that protects an encoded qubit from arbitrary low-frequency noise. We further show that universal quantum logic gates can be performed on the encoded qubit with high gate fidelity. The proposed scheme is robust against small parameter spreads due to fabrication errors in the superconducting qubits.Comment: 7 pages, 4 figure

    Pulsars identified from the NRAO VLA Sky Survey

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    We identified 97 strong pulsars from the NRAO VLA Sky Survey (NVSS) at 1.4 GHz north of Dec(J2000) >-40\degr. The total flux density, linear polarization intensity and polarization angle (PA) of all pulsars are extracted from the NVSS catalog. The well-calibrated PA measurement of 5 pulsars can be used for absolute PA calibrations in other observations. Comparing the source positions with those in the pulsar catalog, we got the first measurement of the proper motion upper limit of PSR B0031-07, which is μαcosδ=102±74mas/yr\mu_{\alpha}\cos\delta = -102 \pm 74 mas/yr and μδ=105±78mas/yr\mu_{\delta} = -105 \pm 78 mas/yr.Comment: 7 pages; 3 figures; one big table; To appear in A&A Supplement

    Correcting low-frequency noise with continuous measurement

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    Low-frequency noise presents a serious source of decoherence in solid-state qubits. When combined with a continuous weak measurement of the eigenstates, the low-frequency noise induces a second-order relaxation between the qubit states. Here we show that the relaxation provides a unique approach to calibrate the low-frequency noise in the time-domain. By encoding one qubit with two physical qubits that are alternatively calibrated, quantum logic gates with high fidelity can be performed.Comment: 10 pages, 3 figures, submitte