4,496 research outputs found

### Realization of affine type A Kirillov-Reshetikhin crystals via polytopes

On the polytope defined in Feigin, Fourier, and Littelmann (2011), associated
to any rectangle highest weight, we define a structure of an type
$A_n$-crystal. We show, by using the Stembridge axioms, that this crystal is
isomorphic to the one obtained from Kashiwara's crystal bases theory. Further
we define on this polytope a bijective map and show that this map satisfies the
properties of a weak promotion operator. This implies in particular that we
provide an explicit realization of Kirillov-Reshetikhin crystals for the affine
type $A^{(1)}_n$ via polytopes

### Consumption and Social Welfare Politics: The Effect of Credit and China

Analyzing data from 20 OECD countries over the period of 1995-2007, the present article investigates whether the factors that contributed to households’ consumption opportunities have had any impact on the way governments in advanced societies respond to income inequalities. In addressing this question, the article particularly focuses on access to credit, and low-wage imports, from China in particular, as two mechanisms that have contributed to an increase in household consumption opportunities. The results show a highly significant inverse relation between these two factors and social welfare effort. As imports from China and availability of credit increase, the social welfare effort seems to decrease. These findings prompt us to think beyond the established arguments about progressive politics in the neoliberal era. The article also contributes to the burgeoning literature on the political and social implications of credit expansion, and of the rise of China in world trade.

### PBW degenerations of Lie superalgebras and their typical representations

We introduce the PBW degeneration for basic classical Lie superalgebras and
construct for all type I, $\mathfrak{osp}(1,2n)$ and exceptional Lie
superalgebras new monomial bases. These bases are parametrized by lattice
points in convex lattice polytopes, sharing useful properties such as the
integer decomposition property. This paper is the first step towards extending
the framework of PBW degenerations to the Lie superalgebra setting

### Twisted Demazure modules, fusion product decomposition and twisted Q--systems

In this paper, we introduce a family of indecomposable finite-dimensional
graded modules for the twisted current algebras. These modules are indexed by
an $|R^+|$-tuple of partitions \bxi=(\xi^{\alpha})_{\alpha\in R^+} satisfying
a natural compatibility condition. We give three equivalent presentations of
these modules and show that for a particular choice of \bxi these modules
become isomorphic to Demazure modules in various levels for the twisted affine
algebras. As a consequence we see that the defining relations of twisted
Demazure modules can be greatly simplified. Furthermore, we investigate the
notion of fusion products for twisted modules, first defined in \cite{FL99} for
untwisted modules, and use the simplified presentation to prove a fusion
product decomposition of twisted Demazure modules. As a consequence we prove
that twisted Demazure modules can be obtained by taking the associated graded
modules of (untwisted) Demazure modules for simply-laced affine algebras.
Furthermore we give a semi-infinite fusion product construction for the
irreducible representations of twisted affine algebras. Finally, we prove that
the twisted $Q$-sytem defined in \cite{HKOTT02} extends to a non-canonical
short exact sequence of fusion products of twisted Demazure modules

### A combinatorial formula for graded multiplicities in excellent filtrations

A filtration of a representation whose successive quotients are isomorphic to
Demazure modules is called an excellent filtration. In this paper we study
graded multiplicities in excellent filtrations of fusion products for the
current algebra $\mathfrak{sl}_2[t]$. We give a combinatorial formula for the
polynomials encoding these multiplicities in terms of two dimensional lattice
paths. Corollaries to our main theorem include a combinatorial interpretation
of various objects such as the coeffficients of Ramanujan's fifth order mock
theta functions $\phi_0, \phi_1, \psi_0, \psi_1$, Kostka polynomials for hook
partitions and quotients of Chebyshev polynomials. We also get a combinatorial
interpretation of the graded multiplicities in a level one flag of a local Weyl
module associated to the simple Lie algebras of type $B_n \text{ and } G_2$

### Borel-de Siebenthal theory for affine reflection systems

We develop a Borel-de Siebenthal theory for affine reflection systems by
classifying their maximal closed subroot systems. Affine reflection systems
(introduced by Loos and Neher) provide a unifying framework for root systems of
finite-dimensional semi-simple Lie algebras, affine and toroidal Lie algebras,
and extended affine Lie algebras. In the special case of nullity $k$ toroidal
Lie algebras, we obtain a one-to-one correspondence between maximal closed
subroot systems with full gradient and triples $(q,(b_i),H)$, where $q$ is a
prime number, $(b_i)$ is a $n$-tuple of integers in the interval $[0,q-1]$ and
$H$ is a $(k\times k)$ Hermite normal form matrix with determinant $q$. This
generalizes the $k=1$ result of Dyer and Lehrer in the setting of affine Lie
algebras

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