9 research outputs found

    Reasons for Low Part-Time Employment in Eastern Europe – Any Role for Low Wages?

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    Many Eastern European countries are characterized by high wage inequalities and a relatively low proportion of labour force being employed on a part-time basis, yet there seem not be so far made any studies on the part time pay penalty. In this article we analyse whether there are any differences in the average wages of part-time and full-time employed in Estonia, a small Eastern European catching up economy. We use Estonian Labour Force Survey data from years 1997-2007; the part time wage gap is estimated by using Oaxaca-Blinder wage decompositions and propensity score matching. The results are quite different for males and females. For females the raw wage gap is in favour of part-timers. After taking into account various worker characteristics, the wage gap becomes even larger. For males the full-time raw premium exists, but it is to a large extent explained by the different labour market characteristics

    Osaajaga töötamine Eesti näitel

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    Statistilise analüüsi teostamine Exceli ja SPSS abil

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    BeSt programmi toetusel loodud e-kursuse "Statistilise analüüsi teostamine Exceli ja SPSS abil" õppematerjalid

    Eesti kõrgkoolide 2009. aasta vilistlaste uuring

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    Konkreetse vajaduse Tartu Ülikooli sotsiaalteaduslike rakendusuuringute keskuse (RAKE) poolt läbiviidud 2009. aastal kõrgkooli lõpetanute uuringu järele tingis tõsiasi, et täna puudub sügavam teadmine lõpetanute eriala- ja tööalastest valikutest, õpingute ajal töötamise põhjustest, töökohal nõutavate ja kõrgkoolis õpetatavate oskuste kattuvusest, lõpetajate probleemidest tööturule siirdumisel ja seal hakkamasaamisel. Selle tühimiku täitmine ongi käesoleva vilistlasuuringu eesmärgiks. Seni on eelkõige analüüsitud haridusastmete ning palga omavahelisi seoseid, kuid seejuures pole eristatud erinevate erialade lõpetanuid ning analüüsid on sageli pinnapealsed.http://www.ut.ee/sites/default/files/www_ut/vilistlane2009.pd

    Reasons for Low Part-Time Employment in Eastern Europe – Any Role for Low Wages?

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    Many Eastern European countries are characterized by high wage inequalities and a relatively low proportion of labour force being employed on a part-time basis, yet there seem not be so far made any studies on the part time pay penalty. In this article we analyse whether there are any differences in the average wages of part-time and full-time employed in Estonia, a small Eastern European catching up economy. We use Estonian Labour Force Survey data from years 1997-2007; the part time wage gap is estimated by using Oaxaca-Blinder wage decompositions and propensity score matching. The results are quite different for males and females. For females the raw wage gap is in favour of part-timers. After taking into account various worker characteristics, the wage gap becomes even larger. For males the full-time raw premium exists, but it is to a large extent explained by the different labour market characteristics

    LABOUR MARKETS IN THE BALTIC STATES DURING THE CRISIS 2008-2009: THE EFFECT ON DIFFERENT LABOUR MARKET GROUPS

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    The economies of the Baltic States have been among the most severely affected by the global economic crisis that started in 2008. This study focuses on the impact of the crisis on the labour markets of the Baltic States with particular emphasis on how the impact varies across different labour market segments. Labour input has been decreased primarily through external adjustment (employment cuts), though part-time employment has emerged as well; wages have been flexible downward throughout the different parts of the economy. Adjustments can be seen both in the private and public sectors (the latter especially in Latvia). At the level of individual companies, quite different adjustment strategies can be seen. Similar to other European countries, males have suffered especially, but also youth and Estonia’s and Latvia’s substantial non-native (Russian-speaking) populations. Wage inequality has somewhat increased and that seems to be primarily due to the increasing premium for education and differences in wage reductions across sectors and firms. During the crisis, expenditures on both passive and active measures have grown significantly, also thanks to the use of EU funds.labour market, economic crisis, employment dynamics, wage differentials, Baltic States

    THE PART-TIME/FULL-TIME WAGE GAP IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE: THE CASE OF ESTONIA

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    Unlike Western countries, there are no studies focusing on the fulltime/part-time wage gap in Central and Eastern Europe despite high wage inequalities observable in many of these countries. The focus of this paper is the incidence and reasons for the part-time wage gap in Estonia, a small Eastern European catch up economy. We use Estonian Labour Force Survey data for 1997–2007, and the part-time wage gap is decomposed using the Heckman selection model and Oaxaca-Blinder wage decompositions. The results for females indicate that the part-time premium observable is unexplained with the controls used. For males, the full-time raw premium exists, but it is to a large extent captured by explanatory variables. For both genders, the labour market situation is remarkably better for voluntary part-timers. The probable explanations for this are the generally low wage levels, the cyclical behaviour of wage gaps, black income and unobserved heterogeneity of employees and firms.part-time work, wage gap, Central and Eastern Europe
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