8,356 research outputs found

    Theoretical study of electron states in Au chains on NiAl(110)

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    We have carried out a density functional study of unoccupied, resonance states in a single Au atom, dimers, a trimer and infinite Au chains on the NiAl(110) surface. Two inequivalent orientations of the ad-chains with substantially different interatomic distances were considered. From the study of the evolution of the electron states in an Au chain from being isolated to adsorbed, we find that the resonance states derive from the 6ss states of the Au atoms, which hybridize strongly with the substrate states and develop a pp-like polarization. The calculated resonance states and LDOS images were analyzed in a simple tight-binding, resonance model. This model clarifies (1) the physics of direct and substrate-mediated adatom-adatom interactions and (2) the physics behind the enhancements of the LDOS at the ends of the adatom chains, and (3) the physical meaning of the "particle-in-box" model used in the analysis of observed resonance states. The calculated effective mass and band bottom energy are in good agreement with experimental data obtained from scanning tunnelling spectroscopy

    Unraveling the Jahn-Teller effect in Mn doped GaN using the Heyd-Scuseria-Ernzerhof hybrid functional

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    We present an ab-initio study of the Mn substitution for Ga in GaN using the Heyd-Scuseria-Ernzerhof hybrid functional (HSE). Contrary to semi-local functionals, the majority Mn t2_{2} manifold splits into an occupied doublet and an unoccupied singlet well above the Fermi-level resulting in an insulating groundstate, which is further stabilized by a sizeable Jahn-Teller distortion. The predictions are confirmed using GWGW calculations and are in agreement with experiment. A transition from a localized to a delocalized Mn hole state is predicted from GaN to GaAs.Comment: 5 pages; 3 figures; to be published in Physical Review B: Rapid Communication

    First principles investigation of transition-metal doped group-IV semiconductors: Rx{_x}Y1x_{1-x} (R=Cr, Mn, Fe; Y=Si, Ge)

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    A number of transition-metal (TM) doped group-IV semiconductors, Rx_{x}Y1x_{1-x} (R=Cr, Mn and Fe; Y=Si, Ge), have been studied by the first principles calculations. The obtained results show that antiferromagnetic (AFM) order is energetically more favored than ferromagnetic (FM) order in Cr-doped Ge and Si with xx=0.03125 and 0.0625. In 6.25% Fe-doped Ge, FM interaction dominates in all range of the R-R distances while for Fe-doped Ge at 3.125% and Fe-doped Si at both concentrations of 3.125% and 6.25%, only in a short R-R range can the FM states exist. In the Mn-doped case, the RKKY-like mechanism seems to be suitable for the Ge host matrix, while for the Mn-doped Si, the short-range AFM interaction competes with the long-range FM interaction. The different origin of the magnetic orders in these diluted magnetic semiconductors (DMSs) makes the microscopic mechanism of the ferromagnetism in the DMSs more complex and attractive.Comment: 14 pages, 2 figures, 6 table

    Binding energies and electronic structures of adsorbed titanium chains on carbon nanotubes

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    We have studied the binding energies and electronic structures of metal (Ti, Al, Au) chains adsorbed on single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT) using first principles methods. Our calculations have shown that titanium is much more favored energetically over gold and aluminum to form a continuous chain on a variety of SWNTs. The interaction between titanium and carbon nanotube significantly modifies the electronic structures around Fermi energy for both zigzag and armchair tubes. The delocalized 3d electrons from the titanium chain generate additional states in the band gap regions of the semiconducting tubes, transforming them into metals.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

    NMR shieldings from density functional perturbation theory: GIPAW versus all-electron calculations

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    We present a benchmark of the density functional linear response calculation of NMR shieldings within the Gauge-Including Projector-Augmented-Wave method against all-electron Augmented-Plane-Wave++local-orbital and uncontracted Gaussian basis set results for NMR shieldings in molecular and solid state systems. In general, excellent agreement between the aforementioned methods is obtained. Scalar relativistic effects are shown to be quite large for nuclei in molecules in the deshielded limit. The small component makes up a substantial part of the relativistic corrections.Comment: 3 figures, supplementary material include

    Intrinsic hole localization mechanism in magnetic semiconductors

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    The interplay between clustering and exchange coupling in magnetic semiconductors for the prototype (Ga_{1-x},Mn_x)As with manganese concentrations x of 1/16 and 1/32 in the interesting experimental range is investigated. For x ~ 6 %, when all possible arrangements of two atoms within a large supercell are considered, the clustering of Mn atoms at nearest-neighbour Ga sites is energetically preferred. As shown by spin density analysis, this minimum energy configuration localizes further one hole and reduces the effective charge carrier concentration. Also the exchange coupling constant increases to a value corresponding to lower Mn concentrations with decreasing inter Mn distance.Comment: Accepted for publication in Journal of Physics: Condensed Matte

    Ab-initio density functional studies of stepped TaC surfaces

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    We report on density functional total energy calculations of the step formation and interaction energies for vicinal TaC(001) surfaces. Our calculations show that double and triple-height steps are favored over single-height steps for a given vicinal orientation, which is in agreement with recent experimental observations. We provide a description of steps in terms of atomic displacements and charge localization and predict an experimentally observable rumpled structure of the step-edges, where the Ta atoms undergo larger displacements compared to the C atoms.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    {Spin polarization tuning in Mnx_{x}Fe1x_{1-x}Ge3_{3}

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    Experimentally, the intermetallic compound Mn4_{4}FeGe3_{3} has been recently shown to exhibit enhanced magnetic properties and spin polarization compared to the Mn5_{5}Ge3_{3} parent compound. The present {\em ab-initio} study focusses on the effect of Fe substitution on the electronic and magnetic properties of the compound. Our calculations reveal that the changes on the Fermi surface of the doped compound are remarkable and provide explanations for the enhanced spin-polarization observed. Finally, we show that it is indeed possible to tune the degree of spin-polarization upon Fe doping, thus making the Mn1x_{1-x}Fex_{x}Ge3_{3} intermetallic alloy very promising for future spintronic applications.Comment: 8 pages, 1 fi

    Ab-initio electron transport calculations of carbon based string structures

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    First-principles calculations show that monatomic strings of carbon have high cohesive energy and axial strength, and exhibit stability even at high temperatures. Due to their flexibility and reactivity, carbon chains are suitable for structural and chemical functionalizations; they form also stable ring, helix, grid and network structures. Analysis of electronic conductance of various infinite, finite and doped string structures reveal fundamental and technologically interesting features. Changes in doping and geometry give rise to dramatic variations in conductance. In even-numbered linear chains strain induces substantial decrease of conductance. The double covalent bonding of carbon atoms underlies their unusual chemical, mechanical and transport properties.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    Theory of hypothetical ferroelectric superlattices incorporating head-to-head and tail-to-tail 180^\circ domain walls

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    While electrical compatibility constraints normally prevent head-to-head (HH) and tail-to-tail (TT) domain walls from forming in ferroelectric materials, we propose that such domain walls could be stabilized by intentional growth of atomic layers in which the cations are substituted from a neighboring column of the periodic table. In particular, we carry out predictive first-principles calculations of superlattices in which Sc, Nb, or other substitutional layers are inserted periodically into PbTiO3_3. We confirm that this gives rise to a domain structure with the longitudinal component of the polarization alternating from domain to domain, and with the substitutional layers serving as HH and TT domain walls. We also find that a substantial transverse component of the polarization can also be present.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure
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