43 research outputs found

    Non-Perturbative Quantum Geometry

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    The beta-ensemble with cubic potential can be used to study a quantum particle in a double-well potential with symmetry breaking term. The quantum mechanical perturbative energy arises from the ensemble free energy in a novel large N limit. A relation between the generating functions of the exact non-perturbative energy, similar in spirit to the one of Dunne-Unsal, is found. The exact quantization condition of Zinn-Justin and Jentschura is equivalent to the Nekrasov-Shatashvili quantization condition on the level of the ensemble. Refined topological string theory in the Nekrasov-Shatashvili limit arises as a large N limit of quantum mechanics.Comment: 20 page

    Exact Chern-Simons / Topological String duality

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    We invoke universal Chern-Simons theory to analytically calculate the exact free energy of the refined topological string on the resolved conifold. In the unrefined limit we reproduce non-perturbative corrections for the resolved conifold found elsewhere in the literature, thereby providing strong evidence that the Chern-Simons / topological string duality is exact, and in particular holds at arbitrary N as well. In the refined case, the non-perturbative corrections we find are novel and appear to be non-trivial. We show that non-perturbatively special treatment is needed for rational valued deformation parameter. Above results are also extend to refined Chern-Simons with orthogonal groups.Comment: 32 page

    Modelling conditional probabilities with Riemann-Theta Boltzmann Machines

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    The probability density function for the visible sector of a Riemann-Theta Boltzmann machine can be taken conditional on a subset of the visible units. We derive that the corresponding conditional density function is given by a reparameterization of the Riemann-Theta Boltzmann machine modelling the original probability density function. Therefore the conditional densities can be directly inferred from the Riemann-Theta Boltzmann machine.Comment: 7 pages, 3 figures, in proceedings of the 19th International Workshop on Advanced Computing and Analysis Techniques in Physics Research (ACAT 2019

    Real Mirror Symmetry and The Real Topological String

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    This thesis is concerned with real mirror symmetry, that is, mirror symmetry for a Calabi-Yau 3-fold background with a D-brane on a special Lagrangian 3-cycle defined by the real locus of an anti-holomorphic involution. More specifically, we will study real mirror symmetry by means of compact 1-parameter Calabi-Yau hypersurfaces in weighted projective space (at tree-level) and non-compact local P2 (at higher genus). For the compact models, we identify mirror pairs of D-brane configurations in weighted projective space, derive the corresponding inhomogeneous Picard-Fuchs equations, and solve for the domainwall tensions as analytic functions over moduli space, thereby collecting evidence for real mirror symmetry at tree-level. A major outcome of this part is the prediction of the number of disk instantons ending on the D-brane for these models. Further, we study real mirror symmetry at higher genus using local P2. For that, we utilize the real topological string, that is, the topological string on a background with O-plane and D-brane on top. In detail, we calculate topological amplitudes using three complementary techniques. In the A-model, we refine localization on the moduli space of maps with respect to the torus action preserved by the anti-holomorphic involution. This leads to a computation of open and unoriented Gromov-Witten invariants that can be applied to any toric Calabi-Yau with involution. We then show that the full topological string amplitudes can be reproduced within the topological vertex formalism. Especially, we obtain the real topological vertex with trivial fixed leg. Finally, we verify that the same results arise in the B-model from the extended holomorphic anomaly equations, together with appropriate boundary conditions, thereby establishing local real mirror symmetry at higher genus. Significant outcomes of this part are the derivation of real Gopakumar-Vafa invariants at high Euler number and degree for local P2 and the discovery of a new kind of gap structure of the closed and unoriented topological amplitudes at the conifold point in moduli space

    A gauge theory analog of some "stringy" D-instantons

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    We argue that one can see a specific class of "stringy" D-instantons in the underlying 4D gauge theory as the UV completion of an ordinary gauge instanton of a completely broken gauge group corresponding to the "empty" cycle the D-instanton is located on. In this sense, the D-instanton induced non-perturbative superpotential can be qualitatively inferred directly from pure field-theory considerations.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures; typos corrected; discussion of dynamical scale extende