1,457 research outputs found

    Wave-function renormalization for the Coulomb-gas in Wegner-Houghton's RG method

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    The RG flow for the sine-Gordon model is determined by means of the method of Wegner and Houghton in next-to-leading order of the derivative expansion. For small values of the fugacity this agrees with the well-known RG flow of the two-dimensional Coulomb-gas found in the dilute gas approximation and a systematic way of obtaining higher-order corrections to this approximation is given.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figure

    Correlations in the low-temperature phase of the two-dimensional XY model

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    Monte Carlo simulations of the two-dimensional XY model are performed in a square geometry with fixed boundary conditions. Using a conformal mapping it is very easy to deduce the exponent eta_sigma(T) of the order parameter correlation function at any temperature in the critical phase of the model. The temperature behaviour of eta_sigma(T) is obtained numerically with a good accuracy up to the Kosterlitz-Thouless transition temperature. At very low temperatures, a good agreement is found with Berezinskii's harmonic approximation. Surprisingly, we show some evidence that there are no logarithmic corrections to the behaviour of the order parameter density profile (with symmetry breaking surface fields) at the Kosterlitz-Thouless transition temperature.Comment: 7 pages, 2 eps figure

    Defect fugacity, Spinwave Stiffness and T_c of the 2-d Planar Rotor Model

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    We obtain precise values for the fugacities of vortices in the 2-d planar rotor model from Monte Carlo simulations in the sector with {\em no} vortices. The bare spinwave stiffness is also calculated and shown to have significant anharmonicity. Using these as inputs in the KT recursion relations, we predict the temperature T_c = 0.925, using linearised equations, and Tc=0.899±>.005T_c = 0.899 \pm >.005 using next higher order corrections, at which vortex unbinding commences in the unconstrained system. The latter value, being in excellent agreement with all recent determinations of T_c, demonstrates that our method 1) constitutes a stringent measure of the relevance of higher order terms in KT theory and 2) can be used to obtain transition temperatures in similar systems with modest computational effort.Comment: 7 pages, 4 figure

    The two dimensional XY model at the transition temperature: A high precision Monte Carlo study

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    We study the classical XY (plane rotator) model at the Kosterlitz-Thouless phase transition. We simulate the model using the single cluster algorithm on square lattices of a linear size up to L=2048.We derive the finite size behaviour of the second moment correlation length over the lattice size xi_{2nd}/L at the transition temperature. This new prediction and the analogous one for the helicity modulus are confronted with our Monte Carlo data. This way beta_{KT}=1.1199 is confirmed as inverse transition temperature. Finally we address the puzzle of logarithmic corrections of the magnetic susceptibility chi at the transition temperature.Comment: Monte Carlo results for xi/L in table 1 and 2 corrected. Due to a programming error,these numbers were wrong by about a factor 1+1/L^2. Correspondingly the fits with L_min=64 and 128 given in table 5 and 6 are changed by little.The central results of the paper are not affected. Wrong sign in eq.(52) corrected. Appendix extende

    The Lattice β\beta-function of Quantum Spin Chains

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    We derive the lattice β\beta-function for quantum spin chains, suitable for relating finite temperature Monte Carlo data to the zero temperature fixed points of the continuum nonlinear sigma model. Our main result is that the asymptotic freedom of this lattice β\beta-function is responsible for the nonintegrable singularity in θ\theta, that prevents analytic continuation between θ=0\theta=0 and θ=π\theta=\pi.Comment: 10 page

    An alternative field theory for the Kosterlitz-Thouless transition

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    We extend a Gaussian model for the internal electrical potential of a two-dimensional Coulomb gas by a non-Gaussian measure term, which singles out the physically relevant configurations of the potential. The resulting Hamiltonian, expressed as a functional of the internal potential, has a surprising large-scale limit: The additional term simply counts the number of maxima and minima of the potential. The model allows for a transparent derivation of the divergence of the correlation length upon lowering the temperature down to the Kosterlitz-Thouless transition point.Comment: final version, extended discussion, appendix added, 8 pages, no figure, uses IOP documentclass iopar

    Bimerons in Double Layer Quantum Hall Systems

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    In this paper we discuss bimeron pseudo spin textures for double layer quantum hall systems with filling factor ν=1\nu =1. Bimerons are excitations corresponding to bound pairs of merons and anti-merons. Bimeron solutions have already been studied at great length by other groups by minimising the microsopic Hamiltonian between microscopic trial wavefunctions. Here we calculate them by numerically solving coupled nonlinear partial differential equations arising from extremisation of the effective action for pseudospin textures. We also calculate the different contributions to the energy of our bimerons, coming from pseudospin stiffness, capacitance and coulomb interactions between the merons. Apart from augmenting earlier results, this allows us to check how good an approximation it is to think of the bimeron as a pair of rigid objects (merons) with logarithmically growing energy, and with electric charge 12{1 \over 2}. Our differential equation approach also allows us to study the dependence of the spin texture as a function of the distance between merons, and the inter layer distance. Lastly, the technical problem of solving coupled nonlinear partial differential equations, subject to the special boundary conditions of bimerons is interesting in its own right.Comment: 8 ps figures included; to be published in IJMP

    First-order phase transitions in two-dimensional off-lattice liquid crystals

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    We consider an off-lattice liquid crystal pair potential in strictly two dimensions. The potential is purely repulsive and short-ranged. Nevertheless, by means of a single parameter in the potential, the system is shown to undergo a first-order phase transition. The transition is studied using mean-field density functional theory, and shown to be of the isotropic-to-nematic kind. In addition, the theory predicts a large density gap between the two coexisting phases. The first-order nature of the transition is confirmed using computer simulation and finite-size scaling. Also presented is an analysis of the interface between the coexisting domains, including estimates of the line tension, as well as an investigation of anchoring effects.Comment: 12 pages, 17 figures, submitted to J. Phys.: Condens. Matte
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