23 research outputs found

    Indication of electron neutrino appearance from an accelerator-produced off-axis muon neutrino beam

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    The T2K experiment observes indications of nu(mu) -> nu(mu) e appearance in data accumulated with 1.43 x 10(20) protons on target. Six events pass all selection criteria at the far detector. In a three-flavor neutrino oscillation scenario with |Delta m(23)(2)| = 2.4 x 10(-3) eV(2), sin(2)2 theta(23) = 1 and sin(2)2 theta(13) = 0, the expected number of such events is 1.5 +/- 0.3(syst). Under this hypothesis, the probability to observe six or more candidate events is 7 x 10(-3), equivalent to 2.5 sigma significance. At 90% C.L., the data are consistent with 0.03(0.04) < sin(2)2 theta(13) < 0.28(0.34) for delta(CP) = 0 and a normal (inverted) hierarchy

    Search for R-Parity Violating Decays of Scalar Fermions at LEP

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    A search for pair-produced scalar fermions under the assumption that R-parity is not conserved has been performed using data collected with the OPAL detector at LEP. The data samples analysed correspond to an integrated luminosity of about 610 pb-1 collected at centre-of-mass energies of sqrt(s) 189-209 GeV. An important consequence of R-parity violation is that the lightest supersymmetric particle is expected to be unstable. Searches of R-parity violating decays of charged sleptons, sneutrinos and squarks have been performed under the assumptions that the lightest supersymmetric particle decays promptly and that only one of the R-parity violating couplings is dominant for each of the decay modes considered. Such processes would yield final states consisting of leptons, jets, or both with or without missing energy. No significant single-like excess of events has been observed with respect to the Standard Model expectations. Limits on the production cross- section of scalar fermions in R-parity violating scenarios are obtained. Constraints on the supersymmetric particle masses are also presented in an R-parity violating framework analogous to the Constrained Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model.Comment: 51 pages, 24 figures, Submitted to Eur. Phys. J.

    Measurement of the Hadronic Photon Structure Function F_2^gamma at LEP2

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    The hadronic structure function of the photon F_2^gamma is measured as a function of Bjorken x and of the factorisation scale Q^2 using data taken by the OPAL detector at LEP. Previous OPAL measurements of the x dependence of F_2^gamma are extended to an average Q^2 of 767 GeV^2. The Q^2 evolution of F_2^gamma is studied for average Q^2 between 11.9 and 1051 GeV^2. As predicted by QCD, the data show positive scaling violations in F_2^gamma. Several parameterisations of F_2^gamma are in agreement with the measurements whereas the quark-parton model prediction fails to describe the data.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, to appear in the proceedings of Photon 2001, Ascona, Switzerlan

    Search for the Standard Model Higgs Boson with the OPAL Detector at LEP

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    This paper summarises the search for the Standard Model Higgs boson in e+e- collisions at centre-of-mass energies up to 209 GeV performed by the OPAL Collaboration at LEP. The consistency of the data with the background hypothesis and various Higgs boson mass hypotheses is examined. No indication of a signal is found in the data and a lower bound of 112.7GeV/C^2 is obtained on the mass of the Standard Model Higgs boson at the 95% CL.Comment: 51 pages, 21 figure

    The Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment: Exploring Fundamental Symmetries of the Universe

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    The preponderance of matter over antimatter in the early Universe, the dynamics of the supernova bursts that produced the heavy elements necessary for life and whether protons eventually decay --- these mysteries at the forefront of particle physics and astrophysics are key to understanding the early evolution of our Universe, its current state and its eventual fate. The Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE) represents an extensively developed plan for a world-class experiment dedicated to addressing these questions. LBNE is conceived around three central components: (1) a new, high-intensity neutrino source generated from a megawatt-class proton accelerator at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, (2) a near neutrino detector just downstream of the source, and (3) a massive liquid argon time-projection chamber deployed as a far detector deep underground at the Sanford Underground Research Facility. This facility, located at the site of the former Homestake Mine in Lead, South Dakota, is approximately 1,300 km from the neutrino source at Fermilab -- a distance (baseline) that delivers optimal sensitivity to neutrino charge-parity symmetry violation and mass ordering effects. This ambitious yet cost-effective design incorporates scalability and flexibility and can accommodate a variety of upgrades and contributions. With its exceptional combination of experimental configuration, technical capabilities, and potential for transformative discoveries, LBNE promises to be a vital facility for the field of particle physics worldwide, providing physicists from around the globe with opportunities to collaborate in a twenty to thirty year program of exciting science. In this document we provide a comprehensive overview of LBNE's scientific objectives, its place in the landscape of neutrino physics worldwide, the technologies it will incorporate and the capabilities it will possess.Comment: Major update of previous version. This is the reference document for LBNE science program and current status. Chapters 1, 3, and 9 provide a comprehensive overview of LBNE's scientific objectives, its place in the landscape of neutrino physics worldwide, the technologies it will incorporate and the capabilities it will possess. 288 pages, 116 figure

    Chaotic behaviour in the newton iterative function associated with Kepler's equation

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    The chaotic behaviour observed when Newton's method is used to solve Kepler's equation is analysed using methods borrowed from chaos theory. The result of the analysis is compared with previous results. A sufficient condition for convergence of a given iterative function is presented and yields ranges of eccentricity and mean anomaly such that Newton's method applied to Kepler's equation will converge from an initial guess of pi

    Towards seeking Theta(13):status and initial data from T2K

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    T2K is a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment with the primary aim of measuring the smallest and most elusive neutrino mixing angle, θ13. 2010 saw the beginning of the T2K data-taking phase. This paper gives an overview of the T2K experiment, its goals and current status, and will discuss some of the initial data. All parts of the experiment: beamline, near detectors and far detector, are functioning well. In the far detector, 23 events have been selected from the first T2K dataset. Particle identification in the far detector also is discussed in this paper. Detailed analysis has not yet been completed

    The Vancouver Island fireballs of spring 1998

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    Three fireballs bright enough to attract the attention of numerous witnesses over Vancouver Island and adjacent areas appeared within an interval of 5 weeks. Each was investigated by in situ interviews of eyewitnesses and instrumental measurement of angles. Although recovery of meteorites is unlikely from any of them, and only two of the investigations yielded credible atmospheric trajectories or ground tracks, it is felt to be useful to place the original measurements on permanent record. In addition, in this paper we advocate the use of a consistent and self-explanatory nomenclature for the geometrical description of the track of a fireball. One of the fireballs was remarkable for the number of independent reports of simultaneous sound described by eyewitnesses, and we feel it is important to place on record the circumstances of events described to us. Although the reality of this often-reported phenomenon is not universally accepted, the body of accumulated anecdotal evidence is by now formidable. However, unambiguous instrumental detection of simultaneous sound has yet to be convincingly achieved
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