15 research outputs found

    Prognostic value of N-terminal Pro–B-Type natriuretic peptide in patients with intermediate coronary lesions

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    BackgroundThe optimal treatment strategy for patients with coronary intermediate lesions, defined as diameter stenosis of 50–70%, remains a great challenge for cardiologists. Identification of potential biomarkers predictive of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) risk may assist in risk stratification and clinical decision.MethodsA total of 1,187 patients with intermediate coronary lesions and available N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels were enrolled in the current study. A baseline NT-proBNP level was obtained. The primary endpoint was defined as MACEs, the composite endpoint of all-cause death and non-fatal myocardial infarction. A multivariate Cox regression model was used to explore the association between NT-proBNP level and MACE risk.ResultsThe mean age of the study cohort was 59.2 years. A total of 68 patients experienced MACE during a median follow-up of 6.1 years. Restricted cubic spline analysis delineated a linear relationship between the baseline NT-proBNP level and MACE risk. Both univariate and multivariate analyses demonstrated that an increased NT-proBNP level was associated with an increased risk of MACE [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) per doubling: 1.412, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.022–1.952, p = 0.0365]. This association remains consistent in clinical meaningful subgroups according to age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and diabetes.ConclusionAn increased NT-proBNP level is associated with an increased risk of MACE in patients with intermediate coronary lesions and may serve as the potential biomarker for risk stratification and treatment decision guidance

    The value of the MIND diet in the primary and secondary prevention of hypertension: A cross-sectional and longitudinal cohort study from NHANES analysis

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    BackgroundThe Mediterranean-Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension for neurodegenerative delay (MIND) has been regarded as a novel healthy dietary pattern with huge benefits. However, its value in preventing and treating hypertension has not been investigated. The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of adhering to the MIND diet on the prevalence of hypertension in the entire population and long-term mortality in hypertensive patients.MethodsIn this cross-sectional and longitudinal study, 6,887 participants consisting of 2,984 hypertensive patients in the National Health and Nutritional Examination Surveys were analyzed and divided into 3 groups according to the MIND diet scores (MDS; groups of MDS-low [<7.5], MDS-medium [7.5–8.0] and MDS-high [≥8.5]). In the longitudinal analysis, the primary outcome was all-cause death and the secondary outcome was cardiovascular (CV) death. Hypertensive patients received a follow-up with a mean time of 9.25 years (median time: 111.1 months, range 2 to 120 months). Multivariate logistics regression models and Cox proportional hazards models were applicated to estimate the association between MDS and outcomes. Restricted cubic spline (RCS) was used to estimate the dose–response relationship.ResultsCompared with the MDS-low group, participants in the MDS-high group presented a significantly lower prevalence of hypertension (odds ratio [OR] 0.76, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.58, 0.97, p = 0.040) and decreased levels of systolic blood pressure (β = −0.41, p = 0.033). Among hypertensive patients, 787 (26.4%) all-cause death consisting of 293 (9.8%) CV deaths were recorded during a 10-year follow-up. Hypertensive patients in the MDS-high group presented a significantly lower prevalence of ASCVD (OR = 0.71, 95% CI, 0.51, 0.97, p = 0.043), and lower risk of all-cause death (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.69, 95% CI, 0.58, 0.81, p < 0.001) and CV death (HR = 0.62, 95% CI, 0.46, 0.85, p for trend = 0.001) when compared with those in the MDS-low group.ConclusionFor the first time, this study revealed the values of the MIND diet in the primary and secondary prevention of hypertension, suggesting the MIND diet as a novel anti-hypertensive dietary pattern

    Drug-eluting balloon versus bare-mental stent and drug-eluting stent for de novo coronary artery disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 14 randomized controlled trials.

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    BACKGROUND:Drug-eluting balloon (DEB) has become an alternative option to drug-eluting stent (DES) for the treatment of in-stent restenosis (ISR). However, the effect of drug-eluting balloon with regular bare-mental stent (BMS) in de novo coronary artery disease (CAD) is unclear. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy of DEB with regular BMS compared to BMS or DES in de novo CAD. METHODS:Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the efficacy of DEB+BMS in comparison with BMS or DES were obtained by searching the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases through January 2016. Primary endpoints were major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) and late lumen loss (LLL). Secondary endpoints included death, myocardial infarction (MI), target lesion revascularization (TLR), stent thrombosis (ST), binary restenosis, and minimum lumen diameter (MLD). Dichotomous and continuous data were presented as odds ratios (ORs) and mean differences (MDs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs), respectively, and analyzed using a random-effects model. RESULTS:A total of 14 RCTs involving 2281 patients were included in this meta-analysis. DEB+BMS showed significantly less MACEs (OR: 0.67, 95%CI 0.45 to 0.99, P = 0.04) and reduced LLL (MD: -0.30 mm, 95%CI: -0.48 mm to -0.11 mm, P = 0.001) compared with BMS. Meanwhile, treatment with DEB+BMS had disadvantages over DES in terms of MACEs (OR: 1.94, 95%CI 1.24 to 3.05, P = 0.004), LLL (MD: 0.20 mm, 95%CI: 0.07 mm to 0.33 mm, P = 0.003), TLR (OR: 2.53, 95% CI 1.36 to 4.72, P = 0.003), and MLD (MD: -0.25 mm, 95%CI: -0.42 mm to -0.09 mm, P = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS:This limited evidence demonstrated that treatment with DEB+BMS appears to be effective in de novo CAD. In addition, DEB+ BMS clearly showed superiority to BMS, but is inferior to DES in the treatment of patients with de novo CAD. Hence, DES (especially new generation DES) should be recommended for patients with de novo CAD

    Prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy in invasively treated acute coronary syndrome patients with different lipoprotein(a) concentrations

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    Background: Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] was positively associated with recurrent ischemic events in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). This study was performed to investigate the effect of Lp(a) levels on outcomes of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) > 1 year versus DAPT ≤ 1 year after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in this population. Methods: A total of 4,357 ACS patients who were event-free at 1 year after PCI were selected from the Fuwai PCI Registry, and patients were stratified into four groups according to DAPT duration (≤ 1 year vs. > 1 year) and Lp(a) levels (≤ 30 mg/dL vs. > 30 mg/dL). The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event (MACCE), defined as a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction or stroke. Results: After 2.4-year follow-up, the incidence of MACCE (HRadjusted 0.284, 95% CI 0.115–0.700; HRIPTW 0.351, 95% CI 0.164–0.751) were significantly reduced in DAPT > 1 year group than that in DAPT ≤ 1 year group in individuals with elevated Lp(a) levels. However, in individuals with normal Lp(a) levels, no statistically difference was found between these two groups in terms of MACCE, although the risks of all-cause death and definite/probable stent thrombosis were lower in DAPT > 1 year group. Notably, the risk of clinically relevant bleeding did not statistically differ between these two groups in individuals with different Lp(a) levels. Conclusions: This study firstly demonstrated that extended DAPT (> 1 year) was statistically associated with lower risk of ischemic events in ACS patients with elevated Lp(a) levels after PCI, whereas this association was not found in individuals with normal Lp(a) levels

    Uric Acid Levels, Number of Standard Modifiable Cardiovascular Risk Factors, and Prognosis in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease: A Large Cohort Study in Asia

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    Background Serum uric acid (UA) is correlated closely with traditional cardiovascular risk factors, which might interfere with the action of UA, in patients with coronary artery disease. We performed this study to evaluate the prognostic effect of UA levels in individuals with different numbers of standard modifiable cardiovascular risk factors (SMuRFs). Methods and Results In this prospective study, we consecutively enrolled 10 486 patients with coronary artery disease. They were stratified into 3 groups according to the tertiles of UA concentrations and, within each UA tertile, further classified into 3 groups by the number of SMuRFs (0–1 versus 2–3 versus 4). The primary end point was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs), including death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and unplanned revascularization. Over a median follow‐up of 2.4 years, 1233 (11.8%) MACCEs were recorded. Patients with high UA levels developed significantly higher risk of MACCEs than those with low UA levels. In addition, UA levels were positively associated with MACCEs as a continuous variable. More importantly, in patients with 0 to 1 SMuRF, the risks of MACCEs were significantly higher in the high‐UA‐level group (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.469 [95% CI, 1.197–1.804]) and medium‐UA‐level group (adjusted HR, 1.478 [95% CI, 1.012–2.160]), compared with the low‐UA‐level group, whereas no significant association was found between UA levels and the risk of MACCEs in participants with 2 to 3 or 4 SMuRFs. Conclusions In patients with coronary artery disease who received evidence‐based secondary prevention therapies, elevated UA levels might affect the prognosis of individuals with 0 to 1 SMuRF but not that of individuals with ≥2 SMuRFs

    Social isolation, loneliness, and incident type 2 diabetes mellitus: results from two large prospective cohorts in Europe and East Asia and Mendelian randomizationResearch in context

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    Summary: Background: Social isolation and loneliness pose significant public health challenges globally. The objective of this study is to investigate the association between social isolation, loneliness, and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: 423,503 UK adults from the UK Biobank (UKB) and 13,800 Chinese adults from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) were analyzed. The exposures of interest were social isolation and loneliness. Social isolation was evaluated based on the number of household members, frequency of social activities, contact with others, and marriage status (CHARLS only). Loneliness was evaluated by the subjective feeling of loneliness and the willingness to confide in others (UKB only). The primary endpoint was incident T2DM. The two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis was based on the genome-wide association studies of UKB (n = 463,010) and the European Bioinformatics Institute (n = 655,666). Findings: The UKB cohort study documented 15,072 T2DM cases during a mean follow-up of 13.5 years, and the CHARLS cohort study recorded 1,249 T2DM cases during a mean follow-up of 5.8 years. Social isolation and loneliness showed significant associations with an elevated risk of T2DM in both UKB (social isolation [most vs least]: HR 1.17, 95% CI 1.11–1.23; loneliness [yes vs no]: HR 1.21, 95% CI 1.13–1.30) and CHARLS cohorts (social isolation [yes vs no]: HR 1.22, 95% CI 1.06–1.40; loneliness [yes vs no]: HR 1.21, 95% CI 1.07–1.36). These associations remained significant after accounting for baseline glucose status and genetic susceptibility to T2DM. Two-sample MR analyses determined that feeling lonely (OR 1.04, 95% CI 1.02–1.06) and engaging in fewer leisure/social activities (OR 1.03, 95% CI 1.02–1.05) were associated with increased T2DM risk, whereas more contact with friends or family (OR 0.99, 95% CI 0.98–0.99) was associated with reduced T2DM risk. Interpretation: Social isolation and loneliness are each associated with an elevated risk of T2DM, with MR analyses suggesting potential causal links. These associations remain significant after considering genetic susceptibility to T2DM. The findings highlight the importance of promoting initiatives to address social isolation and loneliness as part of T2DM prevention strategies. Funding: CAMS Innovation Fund for Medical Sciences (No. 2021-I2M-1-008) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 72103187)