11,127 research outputs found

    Massive scalar fields in the early Universe

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    We discuss the role of gravitational excitons/radions in different cosmological scenarios. Gravitational excitons are massive moduli fields which describe conformal excitations of the internal spaces and which, due to their Planck-scale suppressed coupling to matter fields, are WIMPs. It is demonstrated that, depending on the concrete scenario, observational cosmological data set strong restrictions on the allowed masses and initial oscillation amplitudes of these particles.Comment: 6 pages, Latex2e, talk presented at the 1st International Workshop on Astronomy and Relativistic Astrophysics, 12-16 October, 2003, (IWARA2003), Olinda-PE, Brazi

    Sterile neutrino dark matter in warped extra dimensions

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    We consider a (long-lived) sterile neutrino dark matter scenario in a five dimensional (5D) warped extra dimension model where the fields can live in the bulk, which is partly motivated from the absence of the absolutely stable particles in a simple Randall-Sundrum model. The dominant production of the sterile neutrino can come from the decay of the radion (the scalar field representing the brane separation) around the electroweak scale. The suppressions of the 4D parameters due to the warp factor and the small wave function overlaps in the extra dimension help alleviate the exceeding fine-tunings typical for a sterile neutrino dark matter scenario in a 4D setup.Comment: Typos corrected and references adde

    Pseudo-Dirac Bino Dark Matter

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    While the bino-dominated lightest neutralino of the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) is an interesting and widely-studied candidate of the dark matter, the p-wave suppression of its annihilation cross section requires fine-tunings of the MSSM spectra to be consistent with WMAP observations. We propose pseudo-Dirac bino that arises in theories with D-type supersymmetry-breaking as an intriguing alternative candidate of dark matter. The pseudo-Dirac nature of the bino gives a natural mechanism of enhanced co-annihilation because these two states are degenerate in the absence of electroweak symmetry breaking. In addition, the lightest state can be consistent with limits of direct detection experiments because of the lack of vector interactions, as with the case of the MSSM bino.Comment: 18 pages, 2 figures, REVTEX, to be published in PRD, made minor changes and added comments to match the published versio

    Constraints on parameters of models with extra dimension from primordial nucleosynthesis

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    5D models with one 3D brane and one infinite extra dimension are studied. Matter is confined to the brane, gravity extends to the bulk. Models with positive and negative tension of the brane are studied. Cosmological solutions on the brane are obtained by solving the generalized Friedmann equation. As the input in cosmological solutions we use the present-time observational cosmological parameters. We find constraints on dimensionless combinations of scales of 5D models which follow from the requirement that the models reproduce the data on production of 4He{}^4 He in primordial nucleosynthesis.Comment: 12 page

    The small mixing angle θ13\theta_{13} and the lepton asymmetry

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    We present the correlation of low energy CP phases, both Dirac and Majorana, and the lepton asymmetry for the baryon asymmetry in the universe, with a certain class of Yukawa matrices that consist of two right-handed neutrinos and include one texture zero in themselves. For cases in which the amount of the lepton asymmetry YLY_L turns out to be proportional to θ132\theta_{13}^2, we consider the relation between two types of CP phases and the relation of YLY_L versus the Jarlskog invariant or the amplitude of neutrinoless double beta decay as θ13\theta_{13} varies.Comment: 17 pages, 14 figures, information for figures added, version published in PR

    Singlino dominated LSP as CDM candidate in supersymmetric models with an extra U(1)

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    We consider a singlino dominated neutralino in supersymmetric models with an extra U(1). In case both the μ\mu term and also the ZZ^\prime mass are generated by the vacuum expectation value of the scalar component of the same singlet chiral superfield, generically the lightest neutralino is not expected to be dominated by the singlino. However, if the gaugino corresponding to the extra U(1) is sufficiently heavy, the lightest neutralino can be dominated by the singlino and still satisfy the constraints resulting from the ZZ^\prime phenomenology. We assume a supersymmetry breaking scenario in which the extra U(1) gaugino can be much heavier than other gauginos. In that framework we show that the singlino dominated lightest neutralino may be a good candidate for dark matter in a parameter space where various phenomenological constraints are satisfied.Comment: 25 pages, 6 figures, title is changed, introduction is extended, sec.2 is moved to appendix, some references are added, published versio

    Interaction of cosmic background neutrinos with matter of periodic structure

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    We study coherent interaction of cosmic background neutrinos(CBNs) with matter of periodic structure. The mixing and small masses of neutrinos discovered in neutrino oscillation experiments indicate that CBNs which have very low energy today should be in mass states and can transform from one mass state to another in interaction with electrons in matter. We show that in a coherent scattering process a periodic matter structure designed to match the scale of the mass square difference of neutrinos can enhance the conversion of CBNs from one mass state to another. Energy of CBNs can be released in this scattering process and momentum transfer from CBNs to electrons in target matter can be obtained.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figures, publication versio

    Comments on Backreaction and Cosmic Acceleration

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    In this brief WEB note we comment on recent papers related to our paper "On Acceleration Without Dark Energy".Comment: 5 pages WEB not

    Nonthermal Supermassive Dark Matter

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    We discuss several cosmological production mechanisms for nonthermal supermassive dark matter and argue that dark matter may be elementary particles of mass much greater than the weak scale. Searches for dark matter should not be limited to weakly interacting particles with mass of the order of the weak scale, but should extend into the supermassive range as well.Comment: 11 page LaTeX file. No major changes. Version accepted by PR

    Dilaton dominance in the early Universe dilutes Dark Matter relic abundances

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    The role of the dilaton field and its coupling to matter may result to a dilution of Dark Matter (DM) relic densities. This is to be contrasted with quintessence scenarios in which relic densities are augmented, due to modification of the expansion rate, since Universe is not radiation dominated at DM decoupling. Dilaton field, besides this, affects relic densities through its coupling to dust which tends to decrease relic abundances. Thus two separate mechanisms compete each other resulting, in general, to a decrease of the relic density. This feature may be welcome and can rescue the situation if Direct Dark Matter experiments point towards small neutralino-nucleon cross sections, implying small neutralino annihilation rates and hence large relic densities, at least in the popular supersymmetric scenarios. In the presence of a diluting mechanism both experimental constraints can be met. The role of the dilaton for this mechanism has been studied in the context of the non-critical string theory but in this work we follow a rather general approach assuming that the dilaton dominates only at early eras long before Big Bang Nucleosynthesis.Comment: 11 pages, Latex, 4 figures: Comments and references added, version to appear in Phys. Rev.
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