14 research outputs found

    An Investigation into the Relationships Between Physical Activity Level, Burnout, Job Satisfaction, Quality of Life and Sociodemographic Factors in Academicians

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    Purpose: The aim of the study was to examine the relationships between physical activity level (PAL), burnout, job satisfaction, quality of life, and some sociodemographic factors in academicians. Materials and Methods: The study included 214 academicians, including research assistants, lecturers, assistant professors, associate professors, and professors. Computer usage time, tenure of office, age, experience abroad, PAL (with International Physical Activity Questionnaire), burnout level (with Maslach Burnout Inventory), job satisfaction (with Job Satisfaction Scale for Academicians), and quality of life (with Short Form-36 Health Survey) were evaluated. Results: It was observed that computer usage time, PAL, burnout, job satisfaction, and quality of life varied according to the academic title (p<0.05). Computer usage time and burnout level were the highest among research assistants, while job satisfaction and quality of life were the lowest. This finding was found to be the opposite in professors (p<0.05). Strong negative relationships were observed between burnout and job satisfaction, and quality of life (p<0.05). Those with experience abroad had lower burnout levels, higher job satisfaction, and quality of life (p<0.05). In each academic title group, significant and strong negative relationships were observed between PAL and burnout, while significant strong positive relationships were observed between PAL and job satisfaction and quality of life (p<0.05). Conclusion: It is thought that the academicians' burnout levels can be decreased and job satisfaction and quality of life can be increased by improving working conditions, enabling them to gain experience abroad, and encouraging adequate and regular physical activity

    Factors influencing of quality of life in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

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    Background: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the lateral and horizontal deformity of the vertebral column which occurs idiopathically during adolescence. The aim of this study is to identify independent predictors of quality of life in AIS patients. Methods: In total, 31 adolescent patients diagnosed with AIS aged between 10 and 18 years old were included in the study. The scoliosis severity was determined for each patient according to the Cobb method, and their scoliosis perception using the Walter Reed Visual Assessment Scale, a pain assessment was conducted based on the Visual Analog Scale, quality of life using the Scoliosis Research Society-22 questionnaire, and depression level according to the Children's Depression Scale. Multiple Linear Regression analysis was then performed in order to determine the independent determinants of health-related quality of life. Findings: According to the Linear Regression analysis results, children's depression scale, walter reed visual assessment scale, cobb, and anterior trunk rotation explained 52.7% of the variance as independent determinants of SRS-22. Interpretation: The study examined the determinants affecting the quality of life in AIS patients. The results of the study showed that scoliosis severity, perception of cosmetic deformity, degree of rotation, and depression level to be predictors of quality of life in AIS patients. ÔÇťThis trail registered with NCT05242601.ÔÇŁ ┬ę 202

    Plant Root Enhancement by Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria

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    Soil microorganisms perform a variety of functions, some of which are extremely helpful to the maintenance of ecological sustainability. Bacteria thriving in the plant rhizosphere drive plant development through a variety of ways, which are referred to as PGPRs (plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria). Despite the fact that there are many different types of PGPRs, their significance and applications in sustainable agriculture are still debated and limited. The performance of PGPRs vary, which might be related to a variety of environmental conditions that impact their development and proliferation in plants. PGPR is a nonpathogenic, friendly bacterium that stimulates plant development by altering hormone concentrations and nutritional needs, as well as mitigating stress-related damage. PGPRs colonize root hairs and lateral roots in plants, where they may exhibit their beneficial characteristics. Rhizobacteria that promote plant development have the ability to control root system architecture (RSA), as well as the vegetative growth and physiology of the entire plant. The generation of hormones like Indole acetic acid (IAA) by PGPR has long been linked to RSA effects. This book chapter reviews the effects of PGPRs on the growth, the physiological, biochemical, and molecular characteristics of plant roots as well as the mechanisms involved

    Ad├Âlesan ─░diyopatik Skolyozda ─░ki Farkl─▒ Egzersiz Y├Ânteminin Skolyoz ┼×iddeti, Y├╝r├╝y├╝┼č, Fiziksel, Fonksiyonel Parametreler ve Ya┼čam Kalitesi ├ťzerine Etkisinin ─░ncelenmesi

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    The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two different exercise methods on scoliosis severity, gait, physical, functional parameters, and quality of life in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). In the study, 28 individuals with AIS Lenke type 1 curvature were participated and randomly divided into two groups: Schroth group (n = 14) and Core stabilization group (n = 14). A 10-week exercise program was applied to both groups 3 days a week under the control of a physiotherapist. Before and after treatment; Cobb angles of curves with anterior-posterior radiography, trunk rotations with scoliometer in forward bending test, perception of cosmetic deformity with Walter Reed Visual Assessment Scale (WRVAS), upper and lower extremity muscle strength with Biodex System 4-Pro┬«, spinal mobility with Spinal Mouse┬«, pedobarographic gait parameters with the DIASU Digital Analysis System┬«, and quality of life with the SRS-22 questionnaire were assessed. After the treatment, a decrease in Cobb angles and trunk rotation angles, improvement in the perception of cosmetic deformity, spinal mobility, muscle strength, pedobarographic gait parameters, and quality of life were observed in both groups (p0.05). In conclusion, Schroth exercises were found to be more effective than core stabilization exercises in reducing the severity of scoliosis, correcting scoliosis-related problems, and improving the quality of life. Also, Core stabilization exercises were found to be more effective than Schroth exercises in improving upper and lower extremity muscle strength. Considering the purpose of treatment, both exercise methods can be used in the conservative treatment of AIS.Bu ├žal─▒┼čman─▒n amac─▒, ad├Âlesan idiyopatik skolyozda (A─░S), iki farkl─▒ egzersiz y├Ânteminin skolyoz ┼čiddeti, y├╝r├╝y├╝┼č, fiziksel, fonksiyonel parametreler ve ya┼čam kalitesi ├╝zerine etkisinin kar┼č─▒la┼čt─▒r─▒lmas─▒d─▒r. ├çal─▒┼čmaya Lenke tip 1 e─črili─če sahip 28 A─░SÔÇÖli birey dahil edildi ve bireyler rastgele iki gruba ayr─▒ld─▒: Schroth grubu (n = 14) ve Core stabilizasyon grubu (n = 14). Her iki gruba fizyoterapist kontrol├╝nde haftada 3 g├╝n 10 haftal─▒k egzersiz program─▒ uyguland─▒. Tedavi ├Âncesinde ve tedavi bittikten sonra; e─črilere ait Cobb a├ž─▒lar─▒ ├Ân-arka radyografi ile, g├Âvde rotasyonlar─▒ ├Âne e─čilme testinde skolyometre ile, kozmetik deformite alg─▒s─▒ Walter Reed Visual Assessment Scale (WRVAS) ile, ├╝st ve alt ekstremite kas kuvveti Biodex System 4-Pro┬« ile, spinal mobilite Spinal Mouse┬« ile, pedobarografik y├╝r├╝y├╝┼č parametreleri DIASU Dijital Analiz Sistemi┬« ile ve ya┼čam kalitesi SRS-22 anketi ile de─čerlendirildi. Tedavi sonras─▒ her iki grupta, Cobb a├ž─▒lar─▒ ve g├Âvde rotasyon a├ž─▒lar─▒nda azalma, kozmetik deformite alg─▒s─▒, spinal mobilite, kas kuvveti, pedobarografik y├╝r├╝y├╝┼č parametreleri ve ya┼čam kalitesinde iyile┼čme g├Âr├╝ld├╝ (p0,05). Sonu├ž olarak, Schroth egzersizleri A─░SÔÇÖde skolyoz ┼čiddetini azaltmada, skolyoza ba─čl─▒ problemlerin d├╝zeltilmesinde ve ya┼čam kalitesini geli┼čtirmede Core stabilizasyon egzersizlerinden daha etkili bulunmu┼čtur. Bunun yan─▒nda, Core stabilizasyon egzersizleri, ├╝st ve alt ekstremite kas kuvvetinin geli┼čtirilmesinde Schroth egzersizlerinden daha etkili bulunmu┼čtur. Tedavinin amac─▒ g├Âz ├Ân├╝nde bulundurularak, her iki egzersiz y├Ântemi de A─░SÔÇÖnin konservatif tedavisinde kullan─▒labilir

    Determination of functional movement screening scores in wrestlers and examination in terms of some variables

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    WOS:000962094500011The aim of this study was to determine functional movement screening (FMS) scores in wrestlers to examine FMS scores in terms of years of sport experience and wrestling weight, and to determine the relationship between FMS score and body mass index (BMI). Materials and methods. Forty-four male wrestlers were included in this study. Functional movement analyses were performed of the wrestlers. In addition, the wrestlers filled out a personal information form which contains information such as age, years of sport experience, wrestling weight, and height. Results. The FMS scores of the wrestlers have been found to be 16.07 ┬▒ 1.87. A statistically significant difference has been found in terms of FMS scores according to years of sport experience and wrestling weight (p < 0.05). A statistically significant correlation has been found between the FMS score with BMI (p < 0.05). Conclusions. It has been concluded that the FMS scores of the wrestlers with more years of sport experience are higher, the FMS scores of the wrestlers with low body weight are lower, and the FMS score increases as the BMI increases. It is thought that the functional movement levels of the wrestlers should be evaluated regularly at certain intervals and interpreted according to their characteristics

    COVID-19 and postural sway: a comparison of individuals with a SARS-CoV-2 history and healthy sedentary women

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    PMID: 36787216Purpose: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) on postural sway in subjects who have recently recovered from infection. Materials and methods: Fifty-six female individuals with a mild to moderate history of SARS-CoV-2 (n = 25, mean age; 21.13 ┬▒ 0.64 years) and healthy sedentary controls (n = 31, mean age; 20.09 ┬▒ 1.05 years) were included in the study. Postural sway tests were performed in double and single-leg stance on a force plate with eyes open before and after the neuromuscular fatigue test. The Wingate test was used to induce neuromuscular fatigue. To evaluate the change of the variables determined by the measurements of the groups over time and the group-time interactions, a two-way analysis of variance in repeated measures (mixed design repeated measures ANOVA) was used. Results: It was found that the SARS-CoV-2 group showed increased total sway path, velocity, and area than those in the healthy group on double and single-leg (right-left) stance (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Even if SARS-CoV-2 group individuals have been reported in a mild to moderate outpatient COVID-19 process, they showed deterioration in postural control compared to healthy individuals. In addition, it was found that SARS-CoV-2 accelerated neuromuscular fatigue effects. This can cause more fatigue during activities than individuals who have not had SARS-CoV-2

    Comprehensive analysis of muscles wasting in disc herniation

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    Neuromuscular reeducation of the muscles that stabilize the spine is the basis of conservative treatment of disc herniation. Therefore, it is important to investigate how these muscles are affected by disc herniation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of disc herniation, herniation severity, patient age, and biomechanics on the lumbar stabilizer muscles. A total of 330 individuals, including 261 patients with disc herniations and 69 without disc herniation participated in this study. The cross-sectional areas (CSAs) of the lumbar stabilizer muscles and the lumbar lordosis angle were evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), according to the severity of the disc herniation and the patient's age. In the patients with disc herniation, the CSAs of the quadratus lumborum (QL) and the multifidus (MF) muscles were decreased. The psoas major (PM) muscle CSA was higher in the patients with sequestered discs than in those with protruded and extruded discs. A negative relationship between the sagittal curve and the PM muscle CSA was found. In addition, MF muscle CSA was found to decrease at age 45 years and over. Although disc herniation negatively affects muscle CSAs, no linear relationship was found between the severity of the herniation and the muscle CSA. In addition, the PM muscle was found to be a strong compensatory muscle in disc herniation
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