179 research outputs found

### Lyapunov functions for linear nonautonomous dynamical equations on time scales

The existence of a Lyapunov function is established following a method of Yoshizawa for the uniform exponential asymptotic stability of the zero solution of a nonautonomous linear dynamical equation on a time scale with uniformly bounded graininess

### Dissipative Quasigeostrophic Motion under Temporally Almost Periodic Forcing

The full nonlinear dissipative quasigeostrophic model is shown to have a
unique temporally almost periodic solution when the wind forcing is temporally
almost periodic under suitable constraints on the spatial square-integral of
the wind forcing and the $\beta$ parameter, Ekman number, viscosity and the
domain size. The proof involves the pullback attractor for the associated
nonautonomous dynamical system

### A note on strong solutions of stochastic differential equations with a discontinuous drift coefficient

The existence of a mean-square continuous strong solution is established for vector-valued Itö stochastic differential equations with a discontinuous drift coefficient, which is an increasing function, and with a Lipschitz continuous diffusion coefficient. A scalar stochastic differential equation with the Heaviside function as its drift coefficient is considered as an example. Upper and lower solutions are used in the proof

### Linear-implicit strong schemes for Itô-Galkerin approximations of stochastic PDEs

Linear-implicit versions of strong Taylor numerical schemes for finite dimensional Itô stochastic differential equations (SDEs) are shown to have the same order as the original scheme. The combined truncation and global discretization error of an gamma strong linear-implicit Taylor scheme with time-step delta applied to the N dimensional Itô-Galerkin SDE for a class of parabolic stochastic partial differential equation (SPDE) with a strongly monotone linear operator with eigenvalues lambda 1 <= lambda 2 <= ... in its drift term is then estimated by K(lambda N -½ + 1 + delta gamma) where the constant K depends on the initial value, bounds on the other coefficients in the SPDE and the length of the time interval under consideration.
AMS subject classifications: 35R60, 60H15, 65M15, 65U05

### Periodic solutions of systems with asymptotically even nonlinearities

New conditions of solvability based on a general theorem on the calculation of the index at infinity for vector fields that have degenerate principal linear part as well as degenerate ... next order ... terms are obtained for the 2 Pi-periodic problem for the scalar equation x'' +n2x=g(|x|)+f(t,x)+b(t) with bounded g(u) and f(t,x) -> 0 as |x| -> 0. The result is also applied to the solvability of a two-point boundary value problem and to resonant problems for equations arising in control theory.
AMS subject classifications: 47Hll, 47H30

### Mean anisotropy of homogeneous Gaussian random fields and anisotropic norms of linear translation-invariant operators on multidimensional integer lattices

Sensitivity of output of a linear operator to its input can be quantified in various ways. In Control Theory, the input is usually interpreted as disturbance and the output is to be minimized in some sense. In stochastic worst-case design settings, the disturbance is considered random with imprecisely known probability distribution. The prior set of probability measures can be chosen so as to quantify how far the disturbance deviates from the white-noise hypothesis of Linear Quadratic Gaussian control. Such deviation can be measured by the minimal Kullback-Leibler informational divergence from the Gaussian distributions with zero mean and scalar covariance matrices. The resulting anisotropy functional is defined for finite power random vectors. Originally, anisotropy was introduced for directionally generic random vectors as the relative entropy of the normalized vector with respect to the uniform distribution on the unit sphere. The associated a-anisotropic norm of a matrix is then its maximum root mean square or average energy gain with respect to finite power or directionally generic inputs whose anisotropy is bounded above by a >= 0. We give a systematic comparison of the anisotropy functionals and the associated norms. These are considered for unboundedly growing fragments of homogeneous Gaussian random fields on multidimensional integer lattice to yield mean anisotropy. Correspondingly, the anisotropic norms of finite matrices are extended to bounded linear translation invariant operators over such fields

### Strong convergence of an explicit numerical method for SDEs with nonglobally Lipschitz continuous coefficients

On the one hand, the explicit Euler scheme fails to converge strongly to the
exact solution of a stochastic differential equation (SDE) with a superlinearly
growing and globally one-sided Lipschitz continuous drift coefficient. On the
other hand, the implicit Euler scheme is known to converge strongly to the
exact solution of such an SDE. Implementations of the implicit Euler scheme,
however, require additional computational effort. In this article we therefore
propose an explicit and easily implementable numerical method for such an SDE
and show that this method converges strongly with the standard order one-half
to the exact solution of the SDE. Simulations reveal that this explicit
strongly convergent numerical scheme is considerably faster than the implicit
Euler scheme.Comment: Published in at http://dx.doi.org/10.1214/11-AAP803 the Annals of
Applied Probability (http://www.imstat.org/aap/) by the Institute of
Mathematical Statistics (http://www.imstat.org

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