537 research outputs found

    The MAGIC telescopes—Status and recent results

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    The MAGIC telescopes are two Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes located on the Canary island of La Palma. They provide the lowest energy threshold among the existing instruments of the kind, reaching down to 50 GeV in standard trigger mode. This allows us to close the energy gap between satelliteborne and ground-based gamma-ray observations for strong enough sources. During the first five years of monoscopic observations, many interesting results could thus be achieved. With the second MAGIC telescope, which started operation in 2009, the sensitivity could be improved by stereoscopic imaging, and 5 new detections could already be reported in 2010. We present the status of the MAGIC telescopes in 2010 and review the latest results obtained in mono- and stereoscopic mode. This includes, among others, the detection of the head-tail galaxy IC 310, a new multiwavelength study of Mrk 501, an updated lightcurve of the Crab Pulsar

    Systematic search for high-energy gamma-ray emission from bow shocks of runaway stars

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    Context. It has been suggested that the bow shocks of runaway stars are sources of high-energy gamma rays (E > 100 MeV). Theoretical models predicting high-energy gamma-ray emission from these sources were followed by the first detection of non-thermal radio emission from the bow shock of BD+43^\deg 3654 and non-thermal X-ray emission from the bow shock of AE Aurigae. Aims. We perform the first systematic search for MeV and GeV emission from 27 bow shocks of runaway stars using data collected by the Large Area Telescope (LAT) onboard the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi). Methods. We analysed 57 months of Fermi-LAT data at the positions of 27 bow shocks of runaway stars extracted from the Extensive stellar BOw Shock Survey catalogue (E-BOSS). A likelihood analysis was performed to search for gamma-ray emission that is not compatible with diffuse background or emission from neighbouring sources and that could be associated with the bow shocks. Results. None of the bow shock candidates is detected significantly in the Fermi-LAT energy range. We therefore present upper limits on the high-energy emission in the energy range from 100 MeV to 300 GeV for 27 bow shocks of runaway stars in four energy bands. For the three cases where models of the high-energy emission are published we compare our upper limits to the modelled spectra. Our limits exclude the model predictions for Zeta Ophiuchi by a factor ≈\approx 5.Comment: 5 pages, 5 figures, 1 table, accepted by A&

    A Population of Teraelectronvolt Pulsar Wind Nebulae in the H.E.S.S. Galactic Plane Survey

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    The most numerous source class that emerged from the H.E.S.S. Galactic Plane Survey are Pulsar Wind Nebulae (PWNe). The 2013 reanalysis of this survey, undertaken after almost 10 years of observations, provides us with the most sensitive and most complete census of gamma-ray PWNe to date. In addition to a uniform analysis of spectral and morphological parameters, for the first time also flux upper limits for energetic young pulsars were extracted from the data. We present a discussion of the correlation between energetic pulsars and TeV objects, and their respective properties. We will put the results in context with the current theoretical understanding of PWNe and evaluate the plausibility of previously non-established PWN candidates.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figures. In Proceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2013), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil

    A generalized likelihood ratio test statistic for Cherenkov telescope data

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    Astrophysical sources of TeV gamma rays are usually established by Cherenkov telescope observations. These counting type instruments have a field of view of few degrees in diameter and record large numbers of particle air showers via their Cherenkov radiation in the atmosphere. The showers are either induced by gamma rays or diffuse cosmic ray background. The commonly used test statistic to evaluate a possible gamma-ray excess is Li and Ma (1983), Eq. 17, which can be applied to independent on- and off-source observations, or scenarios that can be approximated as such. This formula however is unsuitable if the data are taken in so-called "wobble" mode (pointing to several offset positions around the source), if at the same time the acceptance shape is irregular or even depends on operating parameters such as the pointing direction or telescope multiplicity. To provide a robust test statistic in such cases, this paper explores a possible generalization of the likelihood ratio concept on which the formula of Li and Ma is based. In doing so, the multi-pointing nature of the data and the typically known instrument point spread function are fully exploited to derive a new, semi-numerical test statistic. Due to its flexibility and robustness against systematic uncertainties, it is not only useful for detection purposes, but also for skymapping and source shape fitting. Simplified Monte Carlo simulations are presented to verify the results, and several applications and further generalizations of the concept are discussed.Comment: 27 pages, 8 figure
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