14 research outputs found

    Metabolic and Lipid Profile of Middle-aged Sedentary Women doing Aerobic Exercise Plus Weightlifting

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    AbstractMiddle-aged sedentary females (42.8±4.1 years, mean±SD) were subjected to aerobic exercise (AE, n=20) and aerobic exercise with weightlifting (AEWT, n=18) 3 times a week for a period of 20 weeks to determine changes in body weight, body fat, blood pressure, heart rate, and serum lipid profile. At the end of training program, subjects in both groups lost weight and body fat. Cardiac parameters and serum lipid profile also decreased in both groups. These beneficial changes were noted at a greater extent in the subjects performing AE than in the subjects performing AEWT. In conclusion, light but continuous exercise is sufficient to achieve health benefits in middle-aged sedentary women

    THE EFFECT OF SIX WEEKS SPRINT TRAINING ON SERUM ANTIOXIDANT LEVELS IN SOCCER PLAYERS

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    The aim of this study was to determine the effect of six week sprint training applied to soccer players on antioxidant levels. Eighteen football players participated voluntarily and six-weekly sprint training was applied. Soccer players were given a 20-m sprint test to determine antioxidant levels before training, and blood samples were taken before and after the test and this were repeated after six weeks. The effects of the training to the antioxidant systems were searched by the estimated the levels of SOD, CAT and MDA on the taken blood samples before and after the sprint training. The statistically significant results were obtained for serum CAT (2,89±0,85 and 8,42±0,81 U/ml) and MDA (16,39±2,66 and 29,10±2,62 mmol/L) (p<0,05) values before and after the sprint test of the athletes at the end of the 6-week sprint training, but there was no statistically significant result despite the difference in SOD (1,74±0,13and 2,49±0,13 U/ml) value. On the other hand statistically significant results were found in serum SOD (1.67±0.36 and 0,88±0,20  U/ml) and CAT (0.15±0.01and 5,25±0,47 U/ml) (p<0,05) values before and after sprint test of athletes, but there was no statistically significant result even though there was a difference in MDA (4.83±0.99 and 3,68±0,77 mmol/L) value. Consequently, making training can cause development on antioxidant defense, and it can affect the antioxidant production.  Article visualizations

    THE EFFECT OF SIX WEEKS SPRINT TRAINING ON SERUM ANTIOXIDANT LEVELS IN SOCCER PLAYERS

    Get PDF
    The aim of this study was to determine the effect of six week sprint training applied to soccer players on antioxidant levels. Eighteen football players participated voluntarily and six-weekly sprint training was applied. Soccer players were given a 20-m sprint test to determine antioxidant levels before training, and blood samples were taken before and after the test and this were repeated after six weeks. The effects of the training to the antioxidant systems were searched by the estimated the levels of SOD, CAT and MDA on the taken blood samples before and after the sprint training. The statistically significant results were obtained for serum CAT (2,89±0,85 and 8,42±0,81 U/ml) and MDA (16,39±2,66 and 29,10±2,62 mmol/L) (p<0,05) values before and after the sprint test of the athletes at the end of the 6-week sprint training, but there was no statistically significant result despite the difference in SOD (1,74±0,13and 2,49±0,13 U/ml) value. On the other hand statistically significant results were found in serum SOD (1.67±0.36 and 0,88±0,20 U/ml) and CAT (0.15±0.01and 5,25±0,47 U/ml) (p<0,05) values before and after sprint test of athletes, but there was no statistically significant result even though there was a difference in MDA (4.83±0.99 and 3,68±0,77 mmol/L) value. Consequently, making training can cause development on antioxidant defense, and it can affect the antioxidant production

    Vitamin B12 Levels of Subjects Aged 0-24 Year(s) in Konya, Turkey

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    Research reports indicate that vitamin B12 levels show racial differences, which suggests that using the reference ranges of varied populations may lead to inaccurate results. This study aimed to determine normal serum levels of vitamin B12 among children and young people in the Konya region of Turkey. It evaluated 1,109 samples; 54 were from cord-blood and 1,055 were from healthy subjects aged 0-24 year(s), who were admitted to primary healthcare centres. The normal reference levels obtained for vitamin B12 at 2.5-97.5 percentile (P2.5-P97.5) range were 127-606 pg/mL for girls, 127-576 pg/mL for boys, and 127-590 pg/mL for the entire study group. The reported reference values for vitamin B12 in other studies were higher than the current results. Vitamin B12 levels vary from country to country; comparisons between countries may not be valid, and normal levels for each population should be obtained

    The Effect of 12 Weeks of Ski Training on Some Biometric Features of Girls

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    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of skiing on the biomotoric characteristics of children with evaluating tests of girls between the ages of eight and 14 before and after the season. The experimental group of this study was 15 girls who had just started skiing and the control group of 30 girls. In total, 45 volunteers joined the study. To follow the development of the children in the study, the Bruininks biomotoric-Oseretsky proficiency testing of engines, Second Edition Short Form (BOT 2 brief) test: Fine Motor Precision, Fine Motor Integration, Manual Dexterity, Bilateral Coordination, Balance, Running Speed and Agility, Upper-Limb Coordination, and Strength was used and total scores were measured. All measurements observed changes in the first test by applying the latest testing methods. The Windows SPSS 17.0 statistical package program was used to analyze the data with Independent-Sample t-test to find the differences between the groups. Statistically meaningful levels resulted as p< 0.05 and p< 0.001. No meaningful differences were found in the comparison of the motoric features of the girls who ski and those who do not in their pre-test. A meaningful difference was found in fine motor skills, fine motor accord and total score after ski training. Ski training contributed to the fine motor skills, fine motor accord and total score of the girls

    Plasma Growth Hormone and Prolactin Levels in Healthy Sedentary Young Men after Short-Term Endurance Training under Hot Environment

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    Pituitary hormones play an important role energy expenditure and body temperature regulation during exercise. The aim of the stu¬dy was to investigate the effect of two different endurance training in ambient temperature (30.76 ± 1.71oC and 57.92 ± 5.80% r.h.) on plasma growth hormone (GH) and prolactin (PRL) levels in non-trained healthy subjects. Twenty-four untrained healthy men participated in an 8-wk progressive two different endurance-training program. Subjects were divided into two groups: an in¬ter¬val running group (IR), and continuous running group (CR). Both groups were performed 3 days/wk. Growth hormone, PRL and VO2max levels were assessed at the beginning and the end of the training period. Body temperature (TB) was also measured at the be¬ginning and immediately after each training. The exercise type affected plasma PRL (8.52 vs. 6.50 ng/ml IR and CT groups, P 0.38). Plasma GH level at the end of training pro¬gram increased from 0.42 to 1.48 ng/ml and 0.58 to 0.67 ng/ml for IR and CR groups. Expectedly, both training types increased TB, at a greater rate for IR group than CR group. In conclusion, an 8-wk regular exercise result in an increase in plasma PRL level, with¬out altering plasma GH level, which accompanied by elevated body temperature, regardless of the individual’s sporting rou¬ti¬ne. These suggest that untrained individuals could benefit from a regular exercise program as much as those doing the routine sport

    Changing trends in the etiology of liver transplantation in Turkiye: A multicenter study

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    Background and Aim: This study aimed to identify the indications for liver transplantation (LT) based on underlying etiology and to characterize the patients who underwent LT. Materials and Methods: We conducted a multicenter cross-sectional ob-servational study across 11 tertiary centers in Turkiye from 2010 to 2020. The study included 5,080 adult patients. Results: The mean age of patients was 50.3±15.2 years, with a predom-inance of female patients (70%). Chronic viral hepatitis (46%) was the leading etiological factor, with Hepatitis B virus infection at 35%, followed by cryptogenic cirrhosis (24%), Hepatitis C virus infection (8%), and al-cohol-related liver disease (ALD) (6%). Post-2015, there was a significant increase in both the number of liver transplants and the proportion of living donor liver transplants (p<0.001). A comparative analysis of patient characteristics before and after 2015 showed a significant decline in viral hepati-tis-related LT (p<0.001), whereas fatty liver disease-related LT significantly increased (p<0.001). Conclusion: Chronic viral hepatitis continues to be the primary indication for LT in Turkiye. However, the proportions of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and ALD-related LT have seen an upward trend over the years
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