17 research outputs found

    Garden exhibitions as a special kind of garden – the leading value in the historical perspective in relation to the present

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    The paper summarizes the genesis and development of garden exhibitions in the period from the  century to the present day. The role of individual gardens specialised to perform different functions is characterised. These concern the main values: educational – connected with the learning achievements of many gardening branches; commercial – connected with the development of trade; and social – connected with using rest places and adapting exhibition areas to public parks and gardens after their completion

    Application of new technologies in promotion of a healthy lifestyle – selected examples

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    Modern society is characterized by fascination of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), physical laziness, isolation from nature and preferences to stay indoors. Despite the general acceptance and understanding of health benefits coming from recreation in open air, a change of recreational patterns of urban dwellers is observed, as they spend less time outdoors. In order to counteract such behaviours we can try to apply ICTs to enhance spending time outdoors. The performed study aimed at searching for solutions of ICT application in design of public spaces in order to enhance  and promote a healthy lifestyle. The selected examples show possible application of ICT in promoting active recreation, e.g. mobile applications for sport activities, urban games in line with the idea of Playable City, urban furniture and outdoor hotspots enabling access to the Internet. The research findings proved that the digitalisation is not only a threat for a healthy lifestyle, but it can create opportunities to improve the quality of life

    Identification of Fruit Tree Compositions in Public Parks Structure. Warsaw Case Study

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    Fruit trees are essential components of different types of greenery, including not only private gardens but also historical and modern public parks and gardens of many other cities. The research was carried out in spring 2016 by visiting different parks. Fruit trees were identified in 22 public parks of Warsaw situated in different districts of the city and picked up randomly for preliminary study. Observations were made by photographic documentation and mapping of the fruit trees on park plans using GPS coordinates which were taken during the site visit and Google Earth maps. According to the observations, selected fruit trees compositions have been recognized in public parks of Warsaw. The compositional structures that have been observed consist of solitaire fruit trees, groups of trees (containing fruit trees, but mostly composed of fruit trees and ornamental shrubs) and linear structures of fruit trees (rows and alleys). The results of the preliminary study show that the most frequent fruit tree compositions used in the structure of selected public parks of Warsaw represent groups of trees - groups that consist of fruit trees and different species of ornamental shrubs. The undertaken study confirmed that fruit trees planted in the public parks of Warsaw have a high compositional value. They play an important role in the spatial arrangement of the parks selected, but also define the scope and borders of the selected garden interiors and create attractive sites

    Designing hotspots in the public spaces and public greenery of modern cities – selected issues

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    The idea of smart cities is no longer just a vision of urban planners, authorities, and ordinary people – it is being implemented to an ever broader extent. Activities aimed at the accomplishment of the goals set for contemporary cities, oriented at making them “smart”, involve numerous areas, including public and green spaces. In order to increase the attractiveness of these areas and to encourage potential users to make use of them to an increasingly greater extent, it is recommended to make it possible for them to easily use wireless networks in public and green spaces, while at the same time working on the principles of organising the surroundings of the hotspots, increasing the comfort of their use. What is key in this respect is not only to adjust the parameters of the basic features of the WiFi signal, but also to take into consideration the spatial elements, such as the landform features and plant coverage. An analysis of the above-mentioned factors related to the use of Wi-Fi in the open air made it possible to formulate recommendations for shaping the hotspot space in these places. They apply to public spaces, including in particular green spaces in cities, as in these places, there is real demand for outdoor wireless Internet access

    Fungal diseases of trees and shrubs growing in Siberian Square in Warsaw

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    A good condition of trees and shrubs growing in urban green areas is one of the key aspects of management. Plant monitoring, including recognition of symptoms of diseases caused by pathogenic fungi and prevention of their spread, is one of the ways of supporting the process of maintenance of green areas. The aim of the study was to conduct preliminary investigations of plants growing in Siberian Square in Warsaw infected by phytopathogenic fungi. The research carried out in 2017-2019 in Siberian Square in Warsaw revealed that the most common diseases observed on the trees and shrubs were caused by powdery mildew fungi infecting maples, poplars, apple trees, and barberry shrubs. Sawadaea tulasnei, Erysiphe adunca, Erysiphe berberidis, and Podosphaera leucotricha (Erysiphales) were identified as the causal agents of powdery mildew. Pathogens causing leaf spots and leaf lesions were identified as Venturia inaequalis on Malus x purpurea ’Ola’ and Rhytisma acerinum on Acer platanoides. Rust caused by Melampsora laricis-populina (Pucciniales) and basidiomata of Pleurotus ostreatus were detected on infected Populus nigra ‘Italica’ tree

    Outdoor hotspots as a tool for enhancing healthy lifestyles of ICT users : design and development principles

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    The authors of this presented study formulated research assumptions that the Internet and new technologies may interact with the landscape architecture. The presence of hot spots in public spaces can help to increase the amount of time spent outdoors, improve relationships between users and enhance their quality of life. The conducted research included a review of literature related to ICT applications, as well as a survey of global design solutions concerning the introduction of ICT components into public spaces. Moreover, the study was based on the results of previous research by the same authors on behaviour and social expectations of ICT users in relation to leisure spaces. The research results let us frame design guidelines and principles for development of outdoor hotspots. The developed guidelines apply both to technological and spatial solutions, including the following aspects: the location of hot spots, rules of design of urban furniture, vegetation, pavements and architectural details.Funded by the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme of the European Union.peer-reviewe

    Assessment of Blue and Green Infrastructure Solutions in Shaping Urban Public Spaces—Spatial and Functional, Environmental, and Social Aspects

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    Blue and Green Infrastructure (BGI) provide one of the key Nature Based Solution (NBS) approaches for sustainable stormwater management in cities, in conjunction with extending the scope of Ecosystem Services (ES). In both the process of planning and designing highly urbanized areas, the implementation of BGI is important for the improvement of living conditions and counteracting the negative effects of climate change. Based on the literature review, 19 BGI solutions were identified and then valorized in relation to the following three key aspects: spatial and functional, environmental, and social. The results of the assessment were derived using the scoring method and allowed for the identification of BGI solutions with a high, medium or low value for shaping sustainable urban public spaces. Using the potential of analyzed BGI solutions to improve the functioning and attractiveness of urban areas requires a comprehensive approach. Conscious planning and designing should use the knowledge presented to make the implementation of BGI solutions as effective as possible in relation to the above-mentioned aspects of shaping urban public spaces

    Revitalization of Housing Estate Space: Scope of Needs and EU Subsidizing Possibilities

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    Osiedla mieszkaniowe budowane w latach 70. i 80. XX w., stanowiące ważny element struktury urbanistycznej polskich miast, podlegają procesowi starzenia. Dotyczy to zarówno zasobów mieszkaniowych, jak i otaczającej je przestrzeni, prowadząc do sytuacji kryzysowych. Idea rewitalizacji, zgodnie z definicją zawartą w dokumentach strategicznych Unii Europejskiej, oparta jest na procesie wielokierunkowych działań naprawczych i służyć ma poprawie złej sytuacji. Projekt Program rewitalizacji przestrzeni całości terenu SMB „Imielin” w Warszawie pozwolił na identyfikację zjawisk negatywnych, obejmujących sferę przestrzenno-funkcjonalną, przyrodniczą i społeczną. Niestety możliwości uzyskania środków na działania naprawcze z funduszy UE (zgodnie z zapisami w obowiązujących dokumentach strategicznych, w tym RPO WM) nie odpowiadają realnym potrzebom spółdzielni mieszkaniowych. Obszary wsparcia ograniczone są wyłącznie do renowacji części wspólnych wielorodzinnych budynków mieszkalnych. Problem mieszkalnictwa traktowany jest zatem marginalnie, mimo iż w założeniu rewitalizacja osiedli mieszkaniowych ma bezpośredni wpływ na poprawę życia mieszkańców miast.The housing estates built in the 1970's and 1980's, constituting important elements of the Polish cities' urban structure, are growing old. That process affects their substance and surrounding open spaces, leading to crisis situations. The idea of revitalization, according to the definition contained in the strategic documents of the European Union, is based on the process of conducting multidirectional renewal activities, serving the improvement of housing estates' condition. The project called Revitalization Programme of the SMB "Imielin" Housing Estate in Warsaw identified negative changes in spatial, functional, natural and social aspects. Unfortunately, the scale of EU funding (according to the specifications of the strategic documents, including the Regional Operating Programme of the Mazowieckie Region) do not match the current needs of housing cooperatives. Financial support is limited only to common areas of multi-family houses subjected to renovation. Therefore, the housing problems are rather marginal despite the fact that by assumption the revitalization of housing estates influences directly the improvement of the residents' living conditions

    The Use of Urban Parks by Older Adults in the Context of Perceived Security

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    The perception of urban greenery is determined by many aspects, including the personal security of different groups of city dwellers. The objective of this study was to investigate if there are differences between the sense of security of older adults and other groups of urban park users, and which factors play an important role in the evaluation of personal security and thus determine the use (or not) of parks. A survey questionnaire was administrated to a sample of randomly selected park users in Poland (n = 394), including seniors (s = 69). The results show statistically significant differences in security perception between respondents under the age of 60 and those over the age of 60 in the case of all questioned factors. At the same time, all of them are important for a sense of security in older adults. This knowledge is crucial for designing more inclusive and age-friendly urban parks, which should meet the needs and expectations of older adults and encourage them to engage in more activity
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