9,419 research outputs found

    Fulde-Ferrell--Larkin-Ovchinnikov state in the dimensional crossover between one- and three-dimensional lattices

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    We present a full phase diagram for the one-dimensional (1D) to three-dimensional (3D) crossover of the Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO) state in an attractive Hubbard model of 3D-coupled chains in a har- monic trap. We employ real-space dynamical mean-field theory which describes full local quantum fluctuations beyond the usual mean-field and local density approximation. We find strong dimensionality effects on the shell structure undergoing a crossover between distinctive quasi-1D and quasi-3D regimes. We predict an optimal regime for the FFLO state that is considerably extended to intermediate interchain couplings and polarizations, directly realizable with ultracold atomic gases. We find that the 1D-like FFLO feature is vulnerable to thermal fluctuations, while the FFLO state of mixed 1D-3D character can be stabilized at a higher temperature

    Slowest and Fastest Information Scrambling in the Strongly Disordered XXZ Model

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    We present a perturbation method to compute the out-of-time-ordered correlator in the strongly disordered Heisenberg XXZ model in the deep many-body localized regime. We characterize the discrete structure of the information propagation across the eigenstates, revealing a highly structured light cone confined by the strictly logarithmic upper and lower bounds representing the slowest and fastest scrambling available in this system. We explain these bounds by deriving the closed-form expression of the effective interaction for the slowest scrambling and by constructing the effective model of a half-length for the fastest scrambling. We extend our lowest-order perturbation formulations to the higher dimensions, proposing that the logarithmic upper and lower light cones may persist in a finite two-dimensional system in the limit of strong disorder and weak hopping

    Scale-free trees: the skeletons of complex networks

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    We investigate the properties of the spanning trees of various real-world and model networks. The spanning tree representing the communication kernel of the original network is determined by maximizing total weight of edges, whose weights are given by the edge betweenness centralities. We find that a scale-free tree and shortcuts organize a complex network. The spanning tree shows robust betweenness centrality distribution that was observed in scale-free tree models. It turns out that the shortcut distribution characterizes the properties of original network, such as the clustering coefficient and the classification of networks by the betweenness centrality distribution

    Neural-network quantum state study of the long-range antiferromagnetic Ising chain

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    We investigate quantum phase transitions in the transverse field Ising chain with algebraically decaying long-range antiferromagnetic interactions by using the variational Monte Carlo method with the restricted Boltzmann machine being employed as a trial wave function ansatz. In the finite-size scaling analysis with the order parameter and the second R\'enyi entropy, we find that the central charge deviates from 1/2 at a small decay exponent αLR\alpha_\mathrm{LR} in contrast to the critical exponents staying very close to the short-range (SR) Ising values regardless of αLR\alpha_\mathrm{LR} examined, supporting the previously proposed scenario of conformal invariance breakdown. To identify the threshold of the Ising universality and the conformal symmetry, we perform two additional tests for the universal Binder ratio and the conformal field theory (CFT) description of the correlation function. It turns out that both indicate a noticeable deviation from the SR Ising class at αLR<2\alpha_\mathrm{LR} < 2. However, a closer look at the scaled correlation function for αLR2\alpha_\mathrm{LR} \ge 2 shows a gradual change from the asymptotic line of the CFT verified at αLR=3\alpha_\mathrm{LR} = 3, providing a rough estimate of the threshold being in the range of 2αLR<32 \lesssim \alpha_\mathrm{LR} < 3