36 research outputs found

    Penggunaan aplikasi Whatsapp dan keperluan sosial anggota komuniti kejiranan di Taman Wawasan, Malaysia

    Get PDF
    Penggunaan media sosial oleh komuniti kejiranan dapat membantu membina dan mengeratkan hubungan sosial walaupun kehidupan seharian yang sibuk menyukarkan komuniti kejiranan melakukan aktiviti sosial dan bergaul secara fizikal antara satu sama lain. Interaksi sosial yang berasaskan hubungan sosial penting untuk memenuhi keperluan sosial bagi kehidupan yang lebih bermakna. Kajian ini mengkaji hubungan sosial dalam kalangan anggota sebuah komuniti kejiranan yang digelar Taman Wawasan di Malaysia. Komuniti telah menggunakan sejenis media sosial iaitu Whatsapp sebagai asas hubungan sosial dan juga sebagai perantara dalam interaksi seharian mereka. Seramai 100 orang anggota kumpulan Whatsapp yang diberi nama Mslmh telah menjadi populasi kajian. Dari jumlah itu, seramai 13 orang telah dipilih sebagai sampel untuk ditemubual secara mendalam. Kajian ini menggunakan kaedah persampelan bertujuan. Kaedah menganalisis data pula yang digunakan adalah analisis dokumen, analisis kandungan, pemerhatian ikut serta dan temubual secara mendalam. Hasil kajian menunjukkan secara keseluruhannya, terdapat beberapa corak penggunaan Whatsapp dan aktiviti Whatsapp yang sering berlaku dalam kalangan anggota-anggota kumpulan Whatsapp Mslmh. Corak penggunaan dan aktiviti Whatsapp ini menunjukkan kewujudan proses sosial dalam memenuhi keperluan sosial anggota-anggota seperti keperluan membentuk hubungan sosial, saling berkongsi maklumat, membantu dalam mempermudahkan urusan harian, untuk hiburan dan motivasi dan untuk mengukuhkan kebolehpercayaan dalam kalangan jiran tetangga. Kajian ini boleh dijadikan panduan kepada sektor kerajaan dan bukan kerajaan khususnya persatuan-persatuan penduduk perumahan seperti Rukun Tetangga dan Pertubuhan-Pertubuhan Persatuan Penduduk dalam menyokong pembangunan sosial kejiranan

    Women online entrepreneurship and social environment in Malaysia: some preliminary findings

    Get PDF
    Entrepreneurship based on information communication technology (ICT) and the internet is fast gaining popularity as a means of wealth creation and property acquisition in many parts of the world today. Known as digital entrepreneurship, e-commerce, e-entrepreneurship or on-line entrepreneurship, the entrepreneurial activities are conducted using the ICT and internet (e.g., social media) as means of business communication, promotion and product development. Women’s involvement in on-line entrepreneurship is rapidly growing in Malaysia. However, interestingly, there very few academic studies conducted on the nature of women on-line entrepreneurship than the studies on women conventional entrepreneurship in Malaysia. With the intention to fill this literature gap, the authors of this paper carried out a qualitative exploratory research of women on-line entrepreneurship in various small sized enterprises in Malaysia. This paper particularly concentrates on discussing some early findings on the role of social environment, specifically social networks, in influencing the women’s business inception, sustainability and growth. Women were found to have the ability to leverage on their social network environments linking the physical real world and the virtual world. The social environment is also found to have impact on the development of some entrepreneurial leadership qualities such as sharing as opposed to command, throughout the women’s entrepreneurial involvement. Although the research is still on- going, the authors hope that the findings can offer a better understanding on the role of social environment in women on-line entrepreneurship

    Large-scale evolutionary surveillance of the 2009 H1N1 influenza A virus using resequencing arrays

    Get PDF
    In April 2009, a new influenza A (H1N1 2009) virus emerged that rapidly spread around the world. While current variants of this virus have caused widespread disease, particularly in vulnerable groups, there remains the possibility that future variants may cause increased virulence, drug resistance or vaccine escape. Early detection of these virus variants may offer the chance for increased containment and potentially prevention of the virus spread. We have developed and field-tested a resequencing kit that is capable of interrogating all eight segments of the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) virus genome and its variants, with added focus on critical regions such as drug-binding sites, structural components and mutation hotspots. The accompanying base-calling software (EvolSTAR) introduces novel methods that utilize neighbourhood hybridization intensity profiles and substitution bias of probes on the microarray for mutation confirmation and recovery of ambiguous base queries. Our results demonstrate that EvolSTAR is highly accurate and has a much improved call rate. The high throughput and short turn-around time from sample to sequence and analysis results (30 h for 24 samples) makes this kit an efficient large-scale evolutionary biosurveillance tool

    Prevalence, associated factors and outcomes of pressure injuries in adult intensive care unit patients: the DecubICUs study