406 research outputs found

    Binary Quantum Turbulence Arising from Countersuperflow Instability in Two-Component Bose-Einstein Condensates

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    We theoretically study the development of quantum turbulence from two counter-propagating superfluids of miscible Bose-Einstein condensates by numerically solving the coupled Gross-Pitaevskii equations. When the relative velocity exceeds a critical value, the counter-superflow becomes unstable and quantized vortices are nucleated, which leads to isotropic quantum turbulence consisting of two superflows. It is shown that the binary turbulence can be realized experimentally in a trapped system.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figure

    Stochastic cosmology, theories of perturbations and Lifshitz gravity

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    We review some works of E M Lifshitz connected with gravity and cosmology and also some later works, connected with his ideas. The main topics of this review are the stochastic cosmology of an anisotropic universe and of an isotropic universe with the scalar field, the quasi-isotropic (gradient) expansion in cosmology and Horava-Lifshitz gravity and cosmology.Comment: 30 pages, to appear in Physics - Uspekhi. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:0901.3775 by other author

    The Shear Viscosity to Entropy Density Ratio of Trapped Fermions in the Unitarity Limit

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    We extract the shear viscosity to entropy density ratio \eta/s of cold fermionic atoms in the unitarity limit from experimental data on the damping of collective excitations. We find that near the critical temperature \eta/s is roughly equal to 1/2 in units of \hbar/k_B. With the possible exception of the quark gluon plasma, this value is closer to the conjectured lower bound 1/(4\pi) than any other known liquid.Comment: published versio

    Countersuperflow instability in miscible two-component Bose-Einstein condensates

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    We study theoretically the instability of countersuperflow, i.e., two counterpropagating miscible superflows, in uniform two-component Bose-Einstein condensates. Countersuperflow instability causes mutual friction between the superfluids, causing a momentum exchange between the two condensates, when the relative velocity of the counterflow exceeds a critical value. The momentum exchange leads to nucleation of vortex rings from characteristic density patterns due to the nonlinear development of the instability. Expansion of the vortex rings drastically accelerates the momentum exchange, leading to a highly nonlinear regime caused by intervortex interaction and vortex reconnection between the rings. For a sufficiently large interaction between the two components, rapid expansion of the vortex rings causes isotropic turbulence and the global relative motion of the two condensates relaxes. The maximum vortex line density in the turbulence is proportional to the square of the relative velocity.Comment: 9 pages, 6 figure

    Complex inflaton field in quantum cosmology

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    We investigate the cosmological model with the complex scalar self-interacting inflaton field non-minimally coupled to gravity. The different geometries of the Euclidean classically forbidden regions are represented. The instanton solutions of the corresponding Euclidean equations of motion are found by numerical calculations supplemented by the qualitative analysis of Lorentzian and Euclidean trajectories. The applications of these solutions to the no-boundary and tunneling proposals for the wave function of the Universe are studied. Possible interpretation of obtained results and their connection with inflationary cosmology is discussed. The restrictions on the possible values of the new quasi-fundamental constant of the theory-non-zero classical charge-- are obtained. The equations of motion for the generalized cosmological model with complex scalar field are written down and investigated. The conditions of the existence of instanton solutions corresponding to permanent values of an absolute value of scalar field are obtained.Comment: 34 pages with 2 gif figures, mprocl.sty, To appear in International Journal of Modern Physics

    Instability and Chaos in Non-Linear Wave Interaction: a simple model

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    We analyze stability of a system which contains an harmonic oscillator non-linearly coupled to its second harmonic, in the presence of a driving force. It is found that there always exists a critical amplitude of the driving force above which a loss of stability appears. The dependence of the critical input power on the physical parameters is analyzed. For a driving force with higher amplitude chaotic behavior is observed. Generalization to interactions which include higher modes is discussed. Keywords: Non-Linear Waves, Stability, Chaos.Comment: 16 pages, 4 figure

    Three dimensionality of pulsed second-sound waves in He II

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    Three dimensionality of 3D pulsed second sound wave in He II emitted from a finite size heater is experimentally investigated and theoretically studied based on two-fluid model in this study. The detailed propagation of 3D pulsed second sound wave is presented and reasonable agreement between the experimental and theoretical results is obtained. Heater size has a big influence on the profile of 3D second sound wave. The counterflow between the superfluid and normal fluid components becomes inverse in the rarefaction of 3D second sound wave. The amplitude of rarefaction decreases due to the interaction between second sound wave and quantized vortices, which explains the experimental results about second sound wave near [Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2480 (1994)]. The accumulation of dense quantized vortices in the vicinity of heater surface leads to the formation of a thermal boundary layer, and further increase of heating duration results in the occurrence of boiling phenomena. PACS numbers: 67.40.Pm 43.25.+y 67.40.BzComment: 30 pages, 9 figures. Physical Review B, Accepte

    Synchronous Quantum Gravity

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    The implications of restricting the covariance principle within a Gaussian gauge are developed both on a classical and a quantum level. Hence, we investigate the cosmological issues of the obtained Schr\"odinger Quantum Gravity with respect to the asymptotically early dynamics of a generic Universe. A dualism between time and the reference frame fixing is then inferred.Comment: 8 pages, Proceedings of the II Stueckelberg worksho
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