4,482 research outputs found

    Intensive alternatives to custody process evaluation of pilots in five areas

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    A qualitative process evaluation of five Intensive Alternative to Custody (IAC) pioneer areas was undertaken to assess implementation of IAC, identify approaches to implementation and capture the lessons learnt. The findings indicated that many of the persistent offenders (those with at least 29 prior convictions) targeted by pilots were positive about the IAC order. Although intensive, it provided order and stability, allowing them to move away from a criminal lifestyle. Sentencers welcomed the order as a viable alternative to custody. Probation staff and partners were equally positive about its efficacy. Only one in four IAC orders were revoked because requirements were breached, which suggests that the pilots had managed to engage many of the offenders

    Kondo effect in graphene with Rashba spin-orbit coupling

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    We study the Kondo screening of a magnetic impurity adsorbed in graphene in the presence of Rashba spin-orbit interaction. The system is described by an effective single-channel Anderson impurity model, which we analyze using the numerical renormalization group. The nontrivial energy dependence of the host density of states gives rise to interesting behaviors under variation of the chemical potential or the spin-orbit coupling. Varying the Rashba coupling produces strong changes in the Kondo temperature characterizing the many-body screening of the impurity spin, and at half filling allows approach to a quantum phase transition separating the strong-coupling Kondo phase from a free-moment phase. Tuning the chemical potential close to sharp features of the hybridization function results in striking features in the temperature dependences of thermodynamic quantities and in the frequency dependence of the impurity spectral function.Comment: 11 pages, 9 figures. Minor changes. Accepted in PR

    Kodrah Kristang: The Initiative to Revitalize the Kristang Language in Singapore

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    Kristang is the critically endangered heritage language of the Portuguese-Eurasian community in Singapore and the wider Malayan region, and is spoken by an estimated less than 100 fluent speakers in Singapore. In Singapore, especially, up to 2015, there was almost no known documentation of Kristang, and a declining awareness of its existence, even among the Portuguese-Eurasian community. However, efforts to revitalize Kristang in Singapore under the auspices of the community-based non-profit, multiracial and intergenerational Kodrah Kristang (‘Awaken, Kristang’) initiative since March 2016 appear to have successfully reinvigorated community and public interest in the language; more than 400 individuals, including heritage speakers, children and many people outside the Portuguese-Eurasian community, have joined ongoing free Kodrah Kristang classes, while another 1,400 participated in the inaugural Kristang Language Festival in May 2017, including Singapore’s Deputy Prime Minister and the Portuguese Ambassador to Singapore. Unique features of the initiative include the initiative and its associated Portuguese-Eurasian community being situated in the highly urbanized setting of Singapore, a relatively low reliance on financial support, visible, if cautious positive interest from the Singapore state, a multiracial orientation and set of aims that embrace and move beyond the language’s original community of mainly Portuguese-Eurasian speakers, and, by design, a multiracial youth-led core team

    A Study to Determine International Technology Education Association Teacher of the Year Recipient Attitudes Toward Program Change in Technology Education

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    The following goals were used to direct this study: 1. Determine the technology education program classification of teachers of the year when they were selected for the honor; 2. Determine if programmatic changes have been made by teachers since being selected teacher of the year; 3. Determine the state of technology education programs as taught by ITEA teacher of the year recipients

    Ardansa sa futura: Strategies and principles for youth leadership and empowerment from the Kodrah Kristang model of language revitalization

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    This presentation distills key principles and considerations for intergenerational youth-led language revitalization, based on a case study of the ongoing Kodrah Kristang initiative in Singapore (abbreviated as ‘Kodrah’) for the critically endangered Kristang language, offering an analysis of the key strategies that have allowed Kodrah to rapidly develop a so-called “flowering of interest” in Kristang among young people in Singapor


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    Across the world, children from non-dominant language speaking families are not performing as well as their peers who speak a dominant language when they enter school. The current study examines the case of Indonesia, investigating the influence of language background status, early literacy characteristics, and socioeconomic status on literacy achievement in Indonesia. Drawing from the PIRLS 2011 dataset (N = 2,725), findings reveal that there is a significant association between each variable and literacy achievement, and that socioeconomic status explains literacy achievement most strongly among 4th grade students in Indonesia. Implications are discussed.DOI:doi.org/10.24071/ijiet.2019.03021