532 research outputs found

    Tutorial on the Quantikz Package

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    This tutorial introduces (and provides, via the document source) the Quantikz LaTeX package for typesetting quantum circuit diagrams. This takes advantage of tikz to give greater control over the circuit options. Those familiar with the excellent QCircuit package will recognise much of the notation, although it has evolved a bit (hopefully simplified!).Comment: 15 pages, with many exquisite quantum circuits. Corresponding to version 0.9.6 of quantik

    The Capabilities of a Perturbed Toric Code as a Quantum Memory

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    We analyze the effect of typical, unknown perturbations on the 2D toric code when acting as a quantum memory, incorporating the effects of error correction on read-out. By transforming the system into a 1D transverse Ising model undergoing an instantaneous quench, and making extensive use of Lieb-Robinson bounds, we prove that for a large class of perturbations, the survival time of stored information grows at least logarithmically with the system size. A uniform magnetic field saturates this scaling behavior. We show that randomizing the stabilizer strengths gives a polynomial survival time with a degree that depends on the strength of the perturbation.Comment: 4 and a bit pages, 3 figures v3: Published versio

    Arboreal Bound Entanglement

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    In this paper, we discuss the entanglement properties of graph-diagonal states, with particular emphasis on calculating the threshold for the transition between the presence and absence of entanglement (i.e. the separability point). Special consideration is made of the thermal states of trees, including the linear cluster state. We characterise the type of entanglement present, and describe the optimal entanglement witnesses and their implementation on a quantum computer, up to an additive approximation. In the case of general graphs, we invoke a relation with the partition function of the classical Ising model, thereby intimating a connection to computational complexity theoretic tasks. Finally, we show that the entanglement is robust to some classes of local perturbations.Comment: 9 pages + appendices, 3 figure

    The Non-Equilibrium Reliability of Quantum Memories

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    The ability to store quantum information without recourse to constant feedback processes would yield a significant advantage for future implementations of quantum information processing. In this paper, limitations of the prototypical model, the Toric code in two dimensions, are elucidated along with a sufficient condition for overcoming these limitations. Specifically, the interplay between Hamiltonian perturbations and dynamically occurring noise is considered as a system in its ground state is brought into contact with a thermal reservoir. This proves that when utilizing the Toric code on N^2 qubits in a 2D lattice as a quantum memory, the information cannot be stored for a time O(N). In contrast, the 2D Ising model protects classical information against the described noise model for exponentially long times. The results also have implications for the robustness of braiding operations in topological quantum computation.Comment: 4 pages. v3: published versio
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