8,275 research outputs found

### Phase structure and chiral limit of compact lattice QED with Wilson fermions

We study the phase structure and chiral limit of $4d$ compact lattice QED
with Wilson fermions (both dynamical and quenched). We use the standard Wilson
action (WA) and also the modified action (MA) with some lattice artifacts
suppressed. We show that lattice artifacts influence the distributions of
eigenvalues $~\lambda_i~$ of the fermionic matrix especially for small values
of $~\lambda_i~$. Our main conclusion is that the chiral limit of compact QED
can be efficiently located using different techniques. Sorry, figures are not
included and can be sent by ordinary mail or Fax.Comment: TALK GIVEN AT THE LATTICE '93 INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM LATTICE FIELD
THEORY, DALLAS, USA, OCTOBER 12--16, 1993 3 page

### N=2 Supersymmetric Model with Dirac-Kahler Fermions from Generalized Gauge Theory in Two Dimensions

We investigate the generalized gauge theory which has been proposed
previously and show that in two dimensions the instanton gauge fixing of the
generalized topological Yang-Mills action leads to a twisted N=2 supersymmetric
action. We have found that the R-symmetry of N=2 supersymmetry can be
identified with the flavour symmetry of Dirac-Kahler fermion formulation. Thus
the procedure of twist allows topological ghost fields to be interpreted as the
Dirac-Kahler matter fermions.Comment: 22 pages, LaTe

### Microscopic reversibility of quantum open systems

The transition probability for time-dependent unitary evolution is invariant
under the reversal of protocols just as in the classical Liouvillian dynamics.
In this article, we generalize the expression of microscopic reversibility to
externally perturbed large quantum open systems. The time-dependent external
perturbation acts on the subsystem during a transient duration, and
subsequently the perturbation is switched off so that the total system would
thermalize. We concern with the transition probability for the subsystem
between the initial and final eigenstates of the subsystem. In the course of
time evolution, the energy is irreversibly exchanged between the subsystem and
reservoir. The time reversed probability is given by the reversal of the
protocol and the initial ensemble. Microscopic reversibility equates the time
forward and reversed probabilities, and therefore appears as a thermodynamic
symmetry for open quantum systems.Comment: numerical demonstration is correcte

### The development of air shower in the iron absorber

The iron open-sandwich experiments to observe one dimensional development of individual air showers were carried out at Akeno Observatory. One dimensional energy flow, incident energy and production height of shower is estimated using the data of size and age obtained from the above experiment and simple calculation

### Nuclear Physics from lattice QCD at strong coupling

We study numerically the strong coupling limit of lattice QCD with one flavor
of massless staggered quarks. We determine the complete phase diagram as a
function of temperature and chemical potential, including a tricritical point.
We clarify the nature of the low temperature dense phase, which is strongly
bound nuclear matter. This strong binding is explained by the nuclear
potential, which we measure. Finally, we determine, from this first-principle
limiting case of QCD, the masses of atomic nuclei up to A=12 "carbon".Comment: 4 pages, 5 figures; v2: references added, minor changes, published
versio

### Staggered Fermion, its Symmetry and Ichimatsu-Patterned Lattice

We investigate exact symmetries of a staggered fermion in D dimensions. The
Dirac operator is reformulated by SO(2D) Clifford algebra. The chiral symmetry,
rotational invariance and parity symmetries are clarified in any dimension.
Local scalar and pseudo-scalar modes are definitely determined, in which we
find non-standard modes. The relation to Ichimatsu-patterned lattice approach
is discussed.Comment: 3 pages, 1 figure, "Talk at Lattice2004(theory), Fermilab, June
21-26, 2004

### Structure of air shower disc near the core

The longitudinal structure of the air shower disk is studied by measuring the arrival time distributions of air shower particles for showers with electron size in the range 3.2 x 10 to the 5.5. power to 3.2 x 10 to the 7.5 power in the Akeno air-shower array (930 gcm squared atmospheric depth). The average FWHM as a parameter of thickness of air shower disk increases with core distances at less than 50m. AT the present stage, dependence on electron size, zenith angle and air shower age is not apparent. The average thickness of the air shower disk within a core distance of 50m could be determined by an electromagnetic cascade starting from the lower altitude

### Search for long-lived massive particles in extensive air showers

Air showers containing delayed sub-showers which may be produced by a long-lived massive particle have been investigated by using twelve detectors. Ten events have been selected out as the candidates. However, a definite conclusion cannot be reached at the present time

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