570 research outputs found

    Evaluation of Compton scattering sequence reconstruction algorithms for a portable position sensitive radioactivity detector based on pixelated Cd(Zn)Te crystals

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    We present extensive simulation studies on the performance of algorithms for the Compton sequence reconstruction used for the development of a portable spectroscopic instrument (COCAE), with the capability to localize and identify radioactive sources, by exploiting the Compton scattering imaging. Various Compton Sequence reconstruction algorithms have been compared using a large number of simulated events. These algorithms are based on Compton kinematics, as well as on statistical test criteria that exploit the redundant information of events having two or more photon interactions in the active detector's volume. The efficiency of the best performing technique is estimated for a wide range of incident gamma-ray photons emitted from point-like gamma sources.Comment: 16 pages, 17 figure

    Simulated Performance Of Algorithms For The Localization Of Radioactive Sources From A Position Sensitive Radiation Detecting System (COCAE)

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    Simulation studies are presented regarding the performance of algorithms that localize point-like radioactive sources detected by a position sensitive portable radiation instrument (COCAE). The source direction is estimated by using the List Mode Maximum Likelihood Expectation Maximization (LM-ML-EM) imaging algorithm. Furthermore, the source-to-detector distance is evaluated by three different algorithms based on the photo-peak count information of each detecting layer, on the quality of the reconstructed source image as well as on the triangulation method. These algorithms have been tested on a large number of simulated photons in a wide energy range (from 200keV up to 2MeV) emitted by point-like radioactive sources located at different orientation and source-to-detector distances.Comment: 8 pages, 7 figures, 11th International Conference on Applications of Nuclear Techniques, Crete, Greece, June 12-18, 201

    Hadronization properties of b quarks compared to light quarks in e+e- -> q qbar from 183 to 200 GeV

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    The DELPHI detector at LEP has collected 54 pb^{-1} of data at a centre-of-mass energy around 183 GeV during 1997, 158 pb^{-1} around 189 GeV during 1998, and 187 pb^{-1} between 192 and 200 GeV during 1999. These data were used to measure the average charged particle multiplicity in e+e- -> b bbar events, _{bb}, and the difference delta_{bl} between _{bb} and the multiplicity, _{ll}, in generic light quark (u,d,s) events: delta_{bl}(183 GeV) = 4.55 +/- 1.31 (stat) +/- 0.73 (syst) delta_{bl}(189 GeV) = 4.43 +/- 0.85 (stat) +/- 0.61 (syst) delta_{bl}(200 GeV) = 3.39 +/- 0.89 (stat) +/- 1.01 (syst). This result is consistent with QCD predictions, while it is inconsistent with calculations assuming that the multiplicity accompanying the decay of a heavy quark is independent of the mass of the quark itself.Comment: 13 pages, 2 figure

    Search for composite and exotic fermions at LEP 2

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    A search for unstable heavy fermions with the DELPHI detector at LEP is reported. Sequential and non-canonical leptons, as well as excited leptons and quarks, are considered. The data analysed correspond to an integrated luminosity of about 48 pb^{-1} at an e^+e^- centre-of-mass energy of 183 GeV and about 20 pb^{-1} equally shared between the centre-of-mass energies of 172 GeV and 161 GeV. The search for pair-produced new leptons establishes 95% confidence level mass limits in the region between 70 GeV/c^2 and 90 GeV/c^2, depending on the channel. The search for singly produced excited leptons and quarks establishes upper limits on the ratio of the coupling of the excited fermio

    Search for supersymmetric particles in scenarios with a gravitino LSP and stau NLSP

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    Sleptons, neutralinos and charginos were searched for in the context of scenarios where the lightest supersymmetric particle is the gravitino. It was assumed that the stau is the next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle. Data collected with the DELPHI detector at a centre-of-mass energy near 189 GeV were analysed combining the methods developed in previous searches at lower energies. No evidence for the production of these supersymmetric particles was found. Hence, limits were derived at 95% confidence level.Comment: 31 pages, 14 figure