45,491 research outputs found

    A New Data Processing Inequality and Its Applications in Distributed Source and Channel Coding

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    In the distributed coding of correlated sources, the problem of characterizing the joint probability distribution of a pair of random variables satisfying an n-letter Markov chain arises. The exact solution of this problem is intractable. In this paper, we seek a single-letter necessary condition for this n-letter Markov chain. To this end, we propose a new data processing inequality on a new measure of correlation by means of spectrum analysis. Based on this new data processing inequality, we provide a single-letter necessary condition for the required joint probability distribution. We apply our results to two specific examples involving the distributed coding of correlated sources: multi-terminal rate-distortion region and multiple access channel with correlated sources, and propose new necessary conditions for these two problems.Comment: 45 pages, 3 figures, submitted to IEEE Trans. Information Theor

    Studies of hypersonic viscous flows over a blunt body at low Reynolds number

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    Viscous hypersonic shock layer over blunt bodies at low Reynolds numbe

    Investigation of Micro Porosity Sintered wick in Vapor Chamber for Fan Less Design

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    Micro Porosity Sintered wick is made from metal injection molding processes, which provides a wick density with micro scale. It can keep more than 53 % working fluid inside the wick structure, and presents good pumping ability on working fluid transmission by fine infiltrated effect. Capillary pumping ability is the important factor in heat pipe design, and those general applications on wick structure are manufactured with groove type or screen type. Gravity affects capillary of these two types more than a sintered wick structure does, and mass heat transfer through vaporized working fluid determines the thermal performance of a vapor chamber. First of all, high density of porous wick supports high transmission ability of working fluid. The wick porosity is sintered in micro scale, which limits the bubble size while working fluid vaporizing on vapor section. Maximum heat transfer capacity increases dramatically as thermal resistance of wick decreases. This study on permeability design of wick structure is 0.5 - 0.7, especially permeability (R) = 0.5 can have the best performance, and its heat conductivity is 20 times to a heat pipe with diameter (Phi) = 10mm. Test data of this vapor chamber shows thermal performance increases over 33 %.Comment: Submitted on behalf of TIMA Editions (http://irevues.inist.fr/tima-editions

    Integral-method analysis for a hypersonic viscous shock layer with mass injection

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    Integral method analysis for hypersonic viscous shock layer with mass injectio

    Use of Devolved Controllers in Data Center Networks

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    In a data center network, for example, it is quite often to use controllers to manage resources in a centralized man- ner. Centralized control, however, imposes a scalability problem. In this paper, we investigate the use of multiple independent controllers instead of a single omniscient controller to manage resources. Each controller looks after a portion of the network only, but they together cover the whole network. This therefore solves the scalability problem. We use flow allocation as an example to see how this approach can manage the bandwidth use in a distributed manner. The focus is on how to assign components of a network to the controllers so that (1) each controller only need to look after a small part of the network but (2) there is at least one controller that can answer any request. We outline a way to configure the controllers to fulfill these requirements as a proof that the use of devolved controllers is possible. We also discuss several issues related to such implementation.Comment: Appears in INFOCOM 2011 Cloud Computing Worksho

    Modulation of the Curie Temperature in Ferromagnetic/Ferroelectric Hybrid Double Quantum Wells

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    We propose a ferromagnetic/ferroelectric hybrid double quantum well structure, and present an investigation of the Curie temperature (Tc) modulation in this quantum structure. The combined effects of applied electric fields and spontaneous electric polarization are considered for a system that consists of a Mn \delta-doped well, a barrier, and a p-type ferroelectric well. We calculate the change in the envelope functions of carriers at the lowest energy sub-band, resulting from applied electric fields and switching the dipole polarization. By reversing the depolarizing field, we can achieve two different ferromagnetic transition temperatures of the ferromagnetic quantum well in a fixed applied electric field. The Curie temperature strongly depends on the position of the Mn \delta-doped layer and the polarization strength of the ferroelectric well.Comment: 9 pages, 5 figures, to be published in Phys. Rev. B (2006) minor revision: One of the line types is changed in Fig.

    Conformal Invariance of Black Hole Temperature

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    It is shown that the surface gravity and temperature of a stationary black hole are invariant under conformal transformations of the metric that are the identity at infinity. More precisely, we find a conformal invariant definition of the surface gravity of a conformal Killing horizon that agrees with the usual definition(s) for a true Killing horizon and is proportional to the temperature as defined by Hawking radiation. This result is reconciled with the intimate relation between the trace anomaly and the Hawking effect, despite the {\it non}invariance of the trace anomaly under conformal transformations.Comment: 8 pages, plain LaTeX, NSF-ITP-93-9
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