217 research outputs found

    Infrared behavior of the ghost propagator in the Landau gauge Yang-Mills theory

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    We prove that the Faddeev-Popov ghost dressing function in the Yang-Mills theory is non-zero and finite in the limit of vanishing momenta and hence the ghost propagator behaves like free in the deep infrared regime, within the Gribov-Zwanziger framework of the DD-dimensional SU(N) Yang-Mills theory in the Landau gauge for any D>2D>2. This result implies that the Kugo-Ojima color confinement criterion is not satisfied in its original form. We point out that the result crucially depends on the explicit form of the non-local horizon term adopted. The original Gribov prediction in the Landau gauge should be reconsidered in connection with color confinement.Comment: 22 pages, 2 figures, minor changes: typo corrected. Appendix A, B added. Sect. 4.1 rewritten. References adde

    Gauge-invariant description of Higgs phenomenon and quark confinement

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    We propose a novel description for the Higgs mechanism by which a gauge boson acquires the mass. We do not assume spontaneous breakdown of gauge symmetry signaled by a non-vanishing vacuum expectation value of the scalar field. In fact, we give a manifestly gauge-invariant description of the Higgs mechanism in the operator level, which does not rely on spontaneous symmetry breaking. This enables us to discuss the confinement-Higgs complementarity from a new perspective. The "Abelian" dominance in quark confinement of the Yang-Mills theory is understood as a consequence of the gauge-invariant Higgs phenomenon for the relevant Yang-Mills-Higgs model.Comment: 7 pages, no figures, final version to be published in Physics Letters B, Title change

    Bosonization and Duality of Massive Thirring Model

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    Starting from a reformulation of the Thirring model as a gauge theory, we consider the bosonization of the DD-dimensional multiflavor massive Thirring model (D2)(D \ge 2) with four-fermion interaction of the current-current type. Our method leads to a novel interpolating Lagrangian written in terms of two gauge fields. Especially we pay attention to the case of very massive fermion m1m \gg 1 in (2+1) and (1+1) dimensions. Up to the next-to-leading order of 1/m1/m, we show that the (2+1)-dimensional massive Thirring model is mapped to the Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory and that the (1+1)-dimensional massive Thirring model is equivalent to the massive free scalar field theory. In the process of the bosonization of the Thirring model, we point out the importance of the gauge-invariant formulation. Finally we discuss a possibility of extending this method to the non-Abelian case.Comment: 20 pages, LaTeX (minor changes and the final section is added
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