259 research outputs found

    Scale Setting for αs\alpha_s Beyond Leading Order

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    We present a general procedure for applying the scale-setting prescription of Brodsky, Lepage and Mackenzie to higher orders in the strong coupling constant \alphas. In particular, we show how to apply this prescription when the leading coefficient or coefficients in a series in \alphas are anomalously small. We give a general method for computing an optimum scale numerically, within dimensional regularization, and in cases when the coefficients of a series are known. We find significant corrections to the scales for Re+eR_{e^+ e^-}, Γ(BXueνˉ)\Gamma(B \to X_u e \bar{\nu}), Γ(tbW)\Gamma(t \to b W), and the ratios of the quark pole to \MSbar and lattice bare masses.Comment: Lattice 2000 (Perturbation Theory), 5 pages, 7 figures, LaTe

    Highly Improved Staggered Quarks on the Lattice, with Applications to Charm Physics

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    We use perturbative Symanzik improvement to create a new staggered-quark action (HISQ) that has greatly reduced one-loop taste-exchange errors, no tree-level order a^2 errors, and no tree-level order (am)^4 errors to leading order in the quark's velocity v/c. We demonstrate with simulations that the resulting action has taste-exchange interactions that are at least 3--4 times smaller than the widely used ASQTAD action. We show how to estimate errors due to taste exchange by comparing ASQTAD and HISQ simulations, and demonstrate with simulations that such errors are no more than 1% when HISQ is used for light quarks at lattice spacings of 1/10 fm or less. The suppression of (am)^4 errors also makes HISQ the most accurate discretization currently available for simulating c quarks. We demonstrate this in a new analysis of the psi-eta_c mass splitting using the HISQ action on lattices where a m_c=0.43 and 0.66, with full-QCD gluon configurations (from MILC). We obtain a result of~111(5) MeV which compares well with experiment. We discuss applications of this formalism to D physics and present our first high-precision results for D_s mesons.Comment: 21 pages, 8 figures, 5 table

    Fast Fits for Lattice QCD Correlators

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    We illustrate a technique for fitting lattice QCD correlators to sums of exponentials that is significantly faster than traditional fitting methods --- 10--40 times faster for the realistic examples we present. Our examples are drawn from a recent analysis of the Upsilon spectrum, and another recent analysis of the D -> pi semileptonic form factor. For single correlators, we show how to simplify traditional effective-mass analyses.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure

    Υ and Υ′ leptonic widths, abμ, and mb from full lattice QCD

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    We determine the decay rate to leptons of the ground-state ϒ meson and its first radial excitation in lattice QCD for the first time. We use radiatively improved nonrelativistic QCD for the b quarks and include u, d, s and c quarks in the sea with u=d masses down to their physical values. We find Γðϒ → eþe−Þ ¼ 1.19ð11Þ keV and Γðϒ0 → eþe−Þ ¼ 0.69ð9Þ keV, both in good agreement with experimental results. The decay constants we obtain are included in a summary plot of meson decay constants from lattice QCD given in the Conclusions. We also test time moments of the vector current-current correlator against values determined from the b-quark contribution to σðeþe− → hadronsÞ and calculate the b-quark piece of the hadronic vacuum polarization contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, ab μ ¼ 0.271ð37Þ × 10−10. Finally we determine the b-quark mass, obtaining in the MS scheme, ¯ m¯ bðm¯ b; nf ¼ 5Þ ¼ 4.196ð23Þ GeV, the most accurate result from lattice QCD to date

    New results on heavy hadron spectroscopy with NRQCD

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    We present results for the spectrum of b-bbar bound states in the quenched approximation for three different values of the lattice spacing. Results for spin-independent splittings are shown to have good scaling behaviour; spin-dependent splittings are more sensitive to discretisation effects. We discuss what needs to be done to match the experimental spectrum.Comment: 3 pages, contribution to Lattice'9