20,520 research outputs found

### Effect of low-lying fermion modes in the $\epsilon$-regime of QCD

We investigate the effects of low-lying fermion eigenmodes on the QCD
partition function in the $\epsilon$-regime. The fermion determinant is
approximated by a truncated product of low-lying eigenvalues of the
overlap-Dirac operator. With two flavors of dynamical quarks, we observe that
the lattice results for the lowest eigenvalue distribution, eigenvalue sum
rules and partition function reproduce the analytic predictions made by
Leutwyler and Smilga, which strongly depend on the topological charge of the
background gauge configuration. The value of chiral condensate extracted from
these measurements are consistent with each other. For one dynamical quark
flavor, on the other hand, we find an apparent disagreement among different
determinations of the chiral condensate, which may suggest the failure of the
$\epsilon$-expansion in the absence of massless Nambu-Goldstone boson.Comment: 23 pages, 9 figure

### Highlights of 10th plasma chemistry meeting

The chemical structure is given of a film formed by plasma polymerization from pyridine monomers. The film has a hydrophilic chemical structure, its molecular weight is 900, and the molecular system is C55H50N10O3. The electrical characteristics of a plasma polymerized film are described. The film has good insulating properties and was successfully applied as video disc coating. Etching resistance properties make it possible to use the film as a resist in etching. The characteristics of plasma polymer formed from monomers containing tetramethyltin are discussed. The polymer is in film form, displays good adhesiveness, is similar to UV film UV 35 in light absorption and is highly insulating

### Strength evaluation test of pressureless-sintered silicon nitride at room temperature

In order to study strength characteristics at room temperature and the strength evaluating method of ceramic materials, the following tests were conducted on pressureless sintered silicon nitride specimens: bending tests, the three tensile tests of rectangular plates, holed plates, and notched plates, and spin tests of centrally holed disks. The relationship between the mean strength of specimens and the effective volume of specimens are examined using Weibull's theory. The effect of surface grinding on the strength of specimens is discussed

### A theory of the Io phase asymmetry of the Jovian decametric radiation

An explanation of an asymmetry in the occurrence probability of the Io-dependent Jovian decametric radiation is proposed. Io generates stronger Alfven waves toward the south when it is in the northern part of the torus. This wave then generates decametric radiation in the northern ionosphere after it reflects in the southern ionosphere. The asymmetry then results from computing the propagation time of the alfven wave along this trajectory. The ray paths of the decameter radiation are calculated using a three dimensional ray tracing program in the Jovian ionosphere. Variations in the expected probability plots are computer for two models of the Jovian ionosphere and global magnetic field, as well as for several choices of the ratio of the radiated frequency to the X-mode cutoff frequency

### Strings between branes

D-brane configurations containing fundamental strings are constructed as
classical solutions of Yang-Mills theory. The fundamental strings in these
systems stretch between D-branes. In the case of D1-branes, this construction
gives smooth (classical) resolutions of string junctions and string networks.
Using a non-abelian Yang-Mills analysis of the string current, the string
charge density is computed and is shown to have support in the region between
the D-brane world-volumes. The 't Hooft-Polyakov monopole is analyzed using
similar methods, and is shown to contain D-strings whose flux has support off
the D-brane world-volume defined by the Higgs scalar field, when this field is
interpreted in terms of a transverse dimension. The constructions presented
here are used to give a qualitative picture of tachyon condensation in the
Yang-Mills limit, where fundamental strings and lower-dimensional D-branes
arise in a volume of space-time where brane-antibrane annihilation has
occurred.Comment: 35 pages, 16 eps figures, JHEP style; v2: a comment adde

### Stringy Derivation of Nahm Construction of Monopoles

We derive the Nahm construction of monopoles from exact tachyon condensation
on unstable D-branes. The Dirac operator used in the Nahm construction is
identified with the tachyon profile in our D-brane approach, and we provide
physical interpretation of the procedures Nahm gave. Crucial is the
introduction of infinite number of brane-antibranes from which arbitrary
D-brane can be constrcuted, exhibitting a unified view of various D-branes. We
explicitly show the equivalence of the D3-brane boundary state with the
monopole profile and the D1-brane boundary state with the Nahm data as
transverse scalars.Comment: 18 pages, 4 eps figures, JHEP style, comments about low energy limits
added, references adde

### Birth of Closed Strings and Death of Open Strings during Tachyon Condensation

The tremendous progress achieved through the study of black holes and branes
suggests that their time dependent generalizations called Spacelike branes
(S-branes) may prove similarly useful. An example of an established approach to
S-branes is to include a string boundary interaction and we first summarize
evidence for the death of open string degrees of freedom for the homogeneous
rolling tachyon on a decaying brane. Then, we review how to extract the flat
S-brane worldvolumes describing the homogeneous rolling tachyon and how large
deformations correspond to creation of lower dimensional strings and branes.
These S-brane worldvolumes are governed by S-brane actions which are on equal
footing to D-brane actions, since they are derived by imposing conformality on
the string worldsheet, as well as by analyzing fluctuations of time dependent
tachyon configurations. As further examples we generalize previous solutions of
the S-brane actions so as to describe multiple decaying and nucleating closed
fundamental strings. Conceptually S-brane actions are therefore different from
D-brane actions and can provide a description of time dependent strings/branes
and possibly their interactions.Comment: 15 pages, 7 eps figures; invited review for Modern Physics Letters A,
including new solutions for S-brane actions. v2 published version, minor
typos correcte

### Analysis of (K^-,K^+) inclusive spectrum with semiclassical distorted wave model

The inclusive K^+ momentum spectrum in the 12C(K^-,K^+) reaction is
calculated by the semiclassical distorted wave (SCDW) model, including the
transition to the \Xi^- bound state. The calculated spectra with the strength
of the \Xi^--nucleus potential -50, -20, and +10 MeV are compared with the
experimental data measured at KEK with p_{K^-}=1.65 GeV/c. The shape of the
spectrum is reproduced by the calculation. Though the inclusive spectrum
changes systematically depending on the potential strength, it is not possible
to obtain a constraint on the potential from the present data. The calculated
spectrum is found to have strong emission-angle dependence. We also investigate
the incident K^- momentum dependence of the spectrum to see the effect of the
Fermi motion of the target nucleons which is explicitly treated in the SCDW
method.Comment: 7 pages, 5 figure

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