1,537 research outputs found

    Possible origin of 60-K plateau in the YBa2Cu3O(6+y) phase diagram

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    We study a model of YBa2Cu3O(6+y) to investigate the influence of oxygen ordering and doping imbalance on the critical temperature Tc(y) and to elucidate a possible origin of well-known feature of YBCO phase diagram: the 60-K plateau. Focusing on "phase only" description of the high-temperature superconducting system in terms of collective variables we utilize a three-dimensional semi microscopic XY model with two-component vectors that involve phase variables and adjustable parameters representing microscopic phase stiffnesses. The model captures characteristic energy scales present in YBCO and allows for strong anisotropy within basal planes to simulate oxygen ordering. Applying spherical closure relation we have solved the phase XY model with the help of transfer matrix method and calculated Tc for chosen system parameters. Furthermore, we investigate the influence of oxygen ordering and doping imbalance on the shape of YBCO phase diagram. We find it unlikely that oxygen ordering alone can be responsible for the existence of 60-K plateau. Relying on experimental data unveiling that oxygen doping of YBCO may introduce significant charge imbalance between CuO2 planes and other sites, we show that simultaneously the former are underdoped, while the latter -- strongly overdoped almost in the whole region of oxygen doping in which YBCO is superconducting. As a result, while oxygen content is increased, this provides two counter acting factors, which possibly lead to rise of 60K plateau. Additionally, our result can provide an important contribution to understanding of experimental data supporting existence of multicomponent superconductivity in YBCO.Comment: 9 pages, 8 figures, submitted to PRB, see http://prb.aps.or

    Universal scaling for the spin-electricity conversion on surface states of topological insulators

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    We have investigated spin-electricity conversion on surface states of bulk-insulating topological insulator (TI) materials using a spin pumping technique. The sample structure is Ni-Fe|Cu|TI trilayers, in which magnetic proximity effects on the TI surfaces are negligibly small owing to the inserted Cu layer. Voltage signals produced by the spin-electricity conversion are clearly observed, and enhanced with decreasing temperature in line with the dominated surface transport at lower temperatures. The efficiency of the spin-electricity conversion is greater for TI samples with higher resistivity of bulk states and longer mean free path of surface states, consistent with the surface spin-electricity conversion

    Pitfalls in the analysis of low-temperature thermal conductivity of high-Tc cuprates

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    Recently, it was proposed that phonons are specularly reflected below about 0.5 K in ordinary single-crystal samples of high-T_c cuprates, and that the low-temperature thermal conductivity should be analyzed by fitting the data up to 0.5 K using an arbitrary power law. Such an analysis yields a result different from that obtained from the conventional analysis, in which the fitting is usually restricted to a region below 0.15 K. Here we show that the proposed new analysis is most likely flawed, because the specular phonon reflection means that the phonon mean free path \ell gets LONGER than the mean sample width, while the estimated \ell is actually much SHORTER than the mean sample width above 0.15 K.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figure; manuscript for the Proceedings of LEHTSC2007 to be published in Journal of Physics: Conference Serie

    Manipulation of Topological States and Bulk Band Gap Using Natural Heterostructures of a Topological Insulator

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    We have performed angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy on (PbSe)5(Bi2Se3)3m, which forms a natural multilayer heterostructure consisting of a topological insulator (TI) and an ordinary insulator. For m = 2, we observed a gapped Dirac-cone state within the bulk-band gap, suggesting that the topological interface states are effectively encapsulated by block layers; furthermore, it was found that the quantum confinement effect of the band dispersions of Bi2Se3 layers enhances the effective bulk-band gap to 0.5 eV, the largest ever observed in TIs. In addition, we found that the system is no longer in the topological phase at m = 1, pointing to a topological phase transition between m = 1 and 2. These results demonstrate that utilization of naturally-occurring heterostructures is a new promising strategy for realizing exotic quantum phenomena and device applications of TIs.Comment: 5 pages, 5 figure

    High resolution quantum sensing with shaped control pulses

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    We investigate the application of amplitude-shaped control pulses for enhancing the time and frequency resolution of multipulse quantum sensing sequences. Using the electronic spin of a single nitrogen vacancy center in diamond and up to 10,000 coherent microwave pulses with a cosine square envelope, we demonstrate 0.6 ps timing resolution for the interpulse delay. This represents a refinement by over 3 orders of magnitude compared to the 2 ns hardware sampling. We apply the method for the detection of external AC magnetic fields and nuclear magnetic resonance signals of carbon-13 spins with high spectral resolution. Our method is simple to implement and especially useful for quantum applications that require fast phase gates, many control pulses, and high fidelity.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, plus supplemental materia
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