30 research outputs found

    THE EFFECT OF SOCIAL CAPITAL ON WELFARE IN INDONESIA

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    Studies into the impact of social capital on welfare are currently growing. However, studies for the case of the developing countries, including Indonesia, are still very rare. Therefore, this paper aims to analyze the impact of social capital on welfare in Indonesia. In this study, social capital is measured by three indicators, namely, trust, cooperativeness and the social network (a person’s participation in community activities).Welfare is measured by household expenditure for food and non-food items. The data are acquired from the Indonesian Family Life Surveys for the years 2007 (IFLS4) and 2014 (IFLS5). This research uses instrumental variables to address the endogeneity issue on social networking (participation in community activities), which is a potential two-way causal relationship. It means that individuals with higher welfare (income) have a higher possibility of participating in community activities, since their participation in community activities is a leisure activity and the utilization of leisure is higher for higher-income people.Using the Instrumental Variables (IV) method and marital status as an instrument, the study found that social capital has a significant impact on welfare. An increased participation in community activities will improve ones welfare by 11.7 percent. Moreover, an increase of cooperativeness by one percent, would increase the welfare by 0.2 percent. On the other hand, trust has a negative relationship with welfare. It means that an increase in trust among individuals by one percent will cause household expenditure on food and non-food items to drop by 0.3 percent.It may imply that higher trust will cause lower transaction costs, which will reduce the expense of individuals buying food and non-food items. Since the coefficient of IV is larger than the coefficient in the OLS estimation, it indicates the absence of reversed causality. The results of this study have an implication for policy decision making which suggests that the policy decision makers should consider the impact of social capital on welfare and support the increase of individuals’ participating in community activities

    Praktik Pemberian Makanan dan Praktik Kesehatan dengan Kejadian Balita dengan Gizi Kurang

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    This study aims to determine the relationship between feeding practices and health practices for under-five children with malnutrition in Sekip Village, Lubuk Pakam District, Deli Serdang Regency. This study used a cross-sectional approach with a sample size of 100 respondents. Sampling was done using cluster technique and simple random technique (roll of paper). The resulting data were analyzed univariate and bivariate using the chi-square test (őĪ = 0.05). The results showed that under-fives who experienced malnutrition were 34%. Simultaneously, mothers' feeding practices and health practices to children under-five were partly categorized as bad, namely 56 people (56%) and 54 people (54%). In conclusion, there is a relationship between feeding practices and health practices on undernutrition in children under-five. Keywords: Toddler, Malnutrition, Health Practices, Feeding Practice

    Peningkatan Kemampuan Menemukan Masalah Utama Dalam Teks Berita Melalui Metode Inkuiri

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    : This study aims to describe the learning plan find major problems in the text of the news by the method of inquiry, an increase in the learning process discovered a major problem in the report text by using the method of inquiry, and improved learning outcomes found the main problem in the text message with the inquiry method in class VIII SMP Negeri 3 Nanga Tayap. This research is a class action (PTK) with two cycles. Chronology of research include planning (planning), implementation (action), observation (observing), and reflection (reflecting). The results showed the use of inquiry method can improve the ability of finding a major problem in the report text eighth grade students of SMP Negeri 3 Nanga Tayap. Achievement absorption student before getting action (pratindakan) of 54.12% with a 35% completeness After receiving the action in the first cycle, the absorption of students has increased, reaching 62.06% with 53% mastery. An increase in absorption of the students in the second cycle, which reached 72.65% with 79% mastery

    Tradisi Mappacallio di Desa Pakeng Kecamatan Lembang Kabupaten Pinrang (Studi Unsur-unsur Budaya Islam)

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    Hasil penelitian ini menemukan bahwa: pertama, tradisi mappacallio lahir setelah adanya agama Islam di desa Pakeng Kecamatan Lembang Kabupaten Pinrang. Kedua, sebelum sampai pada tahap tata cara atau prosesi pelaksanaan tradisi mappacallio terlebih dahulu harus melalui tahap mappabuka puasa (mabbaca untuk buka puasa), setelah itu barulah dilakukan tahap pelaksanaan tradisi mappacallio pada malam akhir bulan Ramadhan idul fitri dengan cara menyalakan paccallio atau lilin tradisional secara bersama-sama atau serentak oleh seluruh masyarakat desa Pakeng dirumah masing-masing. Setelah selesainya acara mappacallio kemudian keesokan harinya bertepatan dengan hari raya idul fitri dilakukan lagi mabbaca katupa/ketupat dimesjid. Ketiga, terjadi integrasi antara budaya lokal berupa paccallio yang telah ada jauh sebelum adanya agama Islam, dengan unsur budaya Islam dalam waktu pelaksanaannya hingga dalam proses pelaksanaannya

    Analisis Implementasi Program Penanggulangan Gizi Buruk Pada Anak Balita Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Medan Labuhan, Kota Medan Tahun 2008 (Analysis of the Implementation of Children Undernutrition Improvement Program in Working Area Medan Labuhan Health C

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    Medan Labuan Health Centre has the highest number of severe underweight children among the other health centrein Medan City, North Sumatera Province. The study performed to analyze the implementation of children undernutrition improvement programme. This research is descriptive qualitative study conducted in February-May 2009. The subjects of the research are head of health centre, nutritionist, and 25 cadre leaders of Posyandu. The data from in-depth interviews is processed using the EZ-Tex, presented in a matrix, and data is analyzed using comparison methods of Fixed (constant comparative method). Nutritionist is only found one person for 2 villages with 25 subvillages, while many cadres are not active, frequently changing and less skilled. The infrastructure is limited, the scales are not standardized and there are no tools for body length/height measurements. One of two villages does not undertake 5 tables Posyandu. Growth monitoring of underfive children are still low. Achievement of toddler weight gain (N/D) from January to December 2008 is 34.58 percent to 69.35 percent of the target coverage of 80 percent. Complementary feeding distribution is not in accordance with the guidelines. The feeding that is only purposed to undernutrition children from poor families are also given to all the children who come to Posyandu. Coverage of exclusive breastfeeding between January-November 2008 is 1.45 to 6.36 percent, rather than the target coverage of 80 percent. These problems are caused by insufficient knowledge and awareness of community about child carring pattern and the lack of cadres participation in Posyandu. From input, process, or output perspective, the of malnutrition improvement programme implementation in Medan Labuan health care is not good enough

    ANALISIS KESADARAN LINGKUNGAN SISWA SEKOLAH PADA KEGIATAN GREEN-CHEMISTRY DALAM KONDISI NEW NORMAL PANDEMI COVID-19

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    ABSTRAK Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif yang bertujuan untuk menganalisis kesadaran lingkungan siswa pada kegiatan green chemistry dalam kondisi new normal pandemic covid 19. Instrument pengumpulan data menggunakan angket online yakni google form. Sampel penelitian yakni siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 3 Bengkulu Tengah sebanyak 76 responden yang dipilih dengan teknik simple random sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan respon positif siswa terhadap kesadaran lingkungan sebesar 53,94%. Sedangkan mengenai kategori pengetahuan lingkungan persentase respon positifnya sebesar 53,62%. Frekuensi mengenai kategori perilaku atau sikap lingkungan siswa terletak diskor 49,54%. Kendala yang dihadapi siswa dalam melestarikan dan kepedulian lingkungan sekolah adalah kurangnya kekompakan, tanggung jawab, komitmen dan malas antar teman sekelas, walaupun begitu sebagian besar siswa sadar bahwa lingkungan yang kurang baik dapat mengganggu aktifitas belajar. Kata kunci: Kesadaran lingkungan, green chemistry, new normal ABSTRACT This research is a quantitative descriptive that aimed to analyzing the environmental awareness of students on green chemistry activities in the new normal conditions for the COVID-19 pandemic. The data collection instrument used an online questionnaire, namely google form. The sample of the research was 76 students of class VIII SMP Negeri 3 Bengkulu Tengah who were selected by simple random sampling technique. The results showed that students' positive responses to environmental awareness were 53.94%. While regarding the category of environmental knowledge the percentage of positive response was 53.62%. The frequency regarding the category of behavior or attitudes of the students' environment lies with a score of 49.54%. The obstacles faced by students in preserving and caring for the school environment are the lack of cohesiveness, responsibility, commitment and laziness between classmates, even so most students are aware that a bad environment can interfere with learning activities.                                                                   Keywords: environmental awareness, green chemistry, new norma

    Nutrient adequacy of elderly in Guna Budi Bakti Nursing Home: a pilot study in Medan City-Indonesia

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    Health condition in the elderly is determined by the quality and quantity of food and nutrient being consumed. However, the nutrient adequacy among elderly people at nursing home in Indonesia has rarely been investigated. Therefore, a cross sectional study was conducted to determine nutrient adequacy in Guna Budi Bakti nursing home in the city of Medan. Elderly food intake was assessed by three days food weighing method and compared to the Indonesian Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA). Energy intake reached >100% of RDA. Although the majority of subject able to meet 70% of RDA for protein and vitamin A, a proportion of subject could not meet the recommendation of protein (26.6%) and vitamin A (28.3%). Calcium and ferum intake were approximately 20% of RDA Furthermore, there is a need for a balanced food to planned and provided at the nursing home in the stud

    Perilaku Kader dalam Pemantauan Pertumbuhan Balita di Puskesmas Mandala Kecamatan Medan Tembung

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    The cadres failure in the implementation of health center activities to monitor the growth of children under five will result in the wrong conclusion which will give incorrect information and precaution. Therefore, an analyze is required to determine the behavior of cadres in monitoring the growth of children under five in Mandala health center in sub district Medan Tembung. This research is a descriptive cross sectional design research carried out in September 2013 to December 2014. The population in this study were all cadres in 39 integreted health posts in working area of public health center Mandala district of Medan Tembung that is 159 people. The sample in this study were 100 people who is obtained using cluster sampling. Existing data will be analyzed descriptively and presented in form of a frequency distribution table. The result of this research showed that 51,0% cadres aged < 37 years old; 61,0% of cadres education is primary education (Primary Junior High School); 90,0% has becomed cadres for > 2 years; unemployed caders is 83,0%; and the most frequent task is the registration (41,0%). Cadre behaviour in implementation of children under five year growth monitoring, 49,0% of cadre has good knowledge, but only 14,0% cadre has good manner and only 3,0% cadre with good action. It is suggested for the clinic to give education to the cadres in growth monitoring of children under five and to provide training such as plotting training, weighting children under five and calculating ages periodacally to the cadres

    Pemetaan Sebaran Kasus Gizi Buruk Balita Umur 0-59 Bulan di Kota Lhokseumawe Tahun 2012

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    Severe malnutrition at this time is a matter of special concern in the city of Lhokseumawe, because it may cause a lost generation. Data of malnutrition cases can be presented spatially and can be drawn in a map by using Quantum GIS Software.This research aimed to make a map of the distribution of under five malnutrition cases in the city of Lhokseumawe in 2012. This is a descriptive research. The population were all of under five malnutrition cases and registered at Lhokseumawe Health Office as many as 43 cases in 2012, and all of them were selected as samples. The result showed that out of 43 under five malnutrition cases in Lhokseumawe city, the 15 cases (34.88%) were found in Banda Sakti subdistrict and they were near the beach, the cases with clinical symptom were 15 cases, the cases without clinical symptom were 2 cases (4.65%) and they were spread out the hill and on the side of the road, 8 cases (18.60%) were in radius < 1 km from their houses to health center, 12 cases (27.91%) were in radius < 1 km to the hospital, and 1 case (2.33%) died in radius < 1 km to the hospital. By using Quantum GIS software through Geographic Information System (GIS), it would be easy for Health Office of Lhokseumawe City and health centers in making intervention to malnutrition countermeasure
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