9,189 research outputs found

    Photometric studies of some starburst galaxies

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    We present the results of a detailed morphological analysis of ten starburst galaxies selected from the Markarian catalogue of uv-excess objects. CCD surface photometry of these galaxies was carried out based on observations made in B, V (Johnson) and R, I (Kron-Cousins) band passes. We present the radial variations of surface brightness, ellipticity, position angle and the colour indices for each galaxy obtained using ellipse fitting isophotal analysis. The residual images constructed for extracting the fine structure are also presented. A variety of morphological types are found to host the starburst phenomenon. The star formation activity is not confined to the nuclear region alone, but it also occurs at various locations in the galaxy and is seen as clumpy regions. The colour index and the residual images are used for deriving information about the sites of enhanced star formation activity and the triggers of the starburst. The luminosity profiles show an exponential behaviour in the outer region. The disk scale lengths and the half-light radii are derived. The contribution of the burst component has been estimated and the colours of the burst component are presented. Strong isophotal twisting is detected in all the S0 and E galaxies: Mrk 1002, Mrk 1308 and Mrk 14, in the sample. This is accompanied by boxiness in some cases, suggesting that a merger is responsible for the starburst activity in these galaxies. In case of isolated spirals, a bar or a central oval distortion appear to be the likely trigger for the starburst.Comment: 12 pages of text and 28 figures. Uses aastex. To be published in A&A

    Intra-night Optical Variability of Luminous Radio Quiet QSOs

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    In the present paper we report the detection of intra-night variability in some of the RQQSOs and one LDQ. To study intra-night variability, we carried out photometric monitoring of seven RQQSOs and one LDQ in Johnson V-passband using 1.2 meter optical/IR telescope at Gurushikhar, Mount Abu, India. Observations were made in nine nights during the first half of the year 2000; seven RQQSOs: 0748+291, 0945+438, 1017+280, 1029+329, 1101+319, 1225+317, 1252+020 and one LDQ: 1103-006 were observed. RQQSOs 0748+291, 1225+317 and LDQ 1103-006 have shown existence of intra-night variations. In the case of 1017+280 (RQQSO) there is indication of intra-night variation in one night where as the observations in another night do not show convincingly the existence of intra-night variability. RQQSOs 0945+438, 1029+329, 1101+319 and 1252+020 have not shown any intra-night variations. We compiled intra-night variability data for radio-loud and radio-quiet AGNs from the literature for statistical analysis. It is found that a good fraction of radio-quiet AGNs show intra-night variations with the maximum amplitude of variation being about 10%. On the other hand blazars show at times intra-night flux variability up to 100%. In case of radio-loud AGNs (excluding blazars), maximum amplitude of intra-night variation lies between the variability amplitude of radio-quiet AGNs and blazars i.e. the flux variation is close to 50%. The results indicate that the energy generation mechanism and the environment around the central engine in different classes of AGNs may be similar, if not identical. The standard model for radio-loud AGNs, where shocks are propagating down relativistic jet or models based on disturbances in accretion disks can also explain the micro-variability in RQQSOs.Comment: 12 pages, 12 figures, Accepted for publication in A & A, uses aa.cl

    Naked Singularities in Higher Dimensional Szekeres Space-time

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    In this paper we study the quasi-spherical gravitational collapse of (n+2) dimensional Szekeres space-time. The nature of the central shell focusing singularity so formed is analyzed by studying both the radial null and time-like geodesic originated from it. We follow the approach of Barve et al to analyze the null geodesic and find naked singularity in different situations.Comment: 11 Latex Pages, 4 figures, RevTex styl

    Optical polarimetry and photometry of comet 17P/Holmes

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    Comet 17P/Holmes was observed for linear polarisation using the optical polarimeter mounted on the 1.2m telescope atop Gurushikhar peak near Mt. Abu during the period November-December 2007. Observations were conducted through the IHW narrow band (continuum) filters. During the observing run the phase angle was near 13‚ąė13^{\circ} at which the comet showed negative polarisation. On the basis of the observed polarisation data we find comet 17P/Holmes to be a typical comet with usual dust characteristics. We note that radial rate of change of brightness in coma in red band is higher than that in blue band; it has decreased by a factor of 3.6 and 2.5 respectively in red and blue bands during the November - December run, indicating relative increase in the abundance of smaller dust particles out ward. Radial brightness variation seen near the nucleus on November 6 is indicative of the presence of a blob or shocked region beyond 10" from the nucleus which has gradually smoothened by December 13. The brightness distribution is found steeper during November 5-7 as compared to on December 13.Comment: 11pages, 7 figures, accepted for publication in MNRA

    Chromospheric plasma ejection above a pore

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    We present high spatial resolution observations of short lived transients, ribbon and jets like events above a pore in Ca II H images where fine structure like umbral dots, lightbridge and penumbral micro filaments are present in the underlying photosphere. We found that current layers are formed at the edges of convective fine structure due to the shear between their horizontal field and the ambient vertical field. High vertical electric current density patches are observed in the photosphere around these events which indicates the formation of a current sheet at the reconnection site. In the framework of past studies, low altitude reconnection could be the mechanism that produces such events. The reconnection is caused by an opposite polarity field produced by the bending of field lines by convective downflows at the edge of the pore fine structures.Comment: 10 pages, 5 figures, accepted for publication in MNRA

    Impact of vegetation on the simulation of seasonal monsoon rainfall over the Indian subcontinent using a regional model

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    The change in the type of vegetation fraction can induce major changes in the local effects such as local evaporation, surface radiation, etc., that in turn induces changes in the model simulated outputs. The present study deals with the effects of vegetation in climate modeling over the Indian region using the MM5 mesoscale model. The main objective of the present study is to investigate the impact of vegetation dataset derived from SPOT satellite by ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) versus that of USGS (United States Geological Survey) vegetation dataset on the simulation of the Indian summer monsoon. The present study has been conducted for five monsoon seasons (1998-2002), giving emphasis over the two contrasting southwest monsoon seasons of 1998 (normal) and 2002 (deficient). The study reveals mixed results on the impact of vegetation datasets generated by ISRO and USGS on the simulations of the monsoon. Results indicate that the ISRO data has a positive impact on the simulations of the monsoon over northeastern India and along the western coast. The MM5-USGS has greater tendency of overestimation of rainfall. It has higher standard deviation indicating that it induces a dispersive effect on the rainfall simulation. Among the five years of study, it is seen that the RMSE of July and JJAS (June-July-August-September) for All India Rainfall is mostly lower for MM5-ISRO. Also, the bias of July and JJAS rainfall is mostly closer to unity for MM5-ISRO. The wind fields at 850 hPa and 200 hPa are also better simulated by MM5 using ISRO vegetation. The synoptic features like Somali jet and Tibetan anticyclone are simulated closer to the verification analysis by ISRO vegetation. The 2 m air temperature is also better simulated by ISRO vegetation over the northeastern India, showing greater spatial variability over the region. However, the JJAS total rainfall over north India and Deccan coast is better simulated using the USGS vegetation. Sensible heat flux over north-west India is also better simulated by MM5-USGS
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