8,411 research outputs found

### Commuting self-adjoint extensions of symmetric operators defined from the partial derivatives

We consider the problem of finding commuting self-adjoint extensions of the
partial derivatives {(1/i)(\partial/\partial x_j):j=1,...,d} with domain
C_c^\infty(\Omega) where the self-adjointness is defined relative to
L^2(\Omega), and \Omega is a given open subset of R^d. The measure on \Omega is
Lebesgue measure on R^d restricted to \Omega. The problem originates with I.E.
Segal and B. Fuglede, and is difficult in general. In this paper, we provide a
representation-theoretic answer in the special case when \Omega=I\times\Omega_2
and I is an open interval. We then apply the results to the case when \Omega is
a d-cube, I^d, and we describe possible subsets \Lambda of R^d such that
{e^(i2\pi\lambda \dot x) restricted to I^d:\lambda\in\Lambda} is an orthonormal
basis in L^2(I^d).Comment: LaTeX2e amsart class, 18 pages, 2 figures; PACS numbers 02.20.Km,
02.30.Nw, 02.30.Tb, 02.60.-x, 03.65.-w, 03.65.Bz, 03.65.Db, 61.12.Bt,
61.44.B

### Iterated function systems, representations, and Hilbert space

This paper studies a general class of Iterated Function Systems (IFS). No
contractivity assumptions are made, other than the existence of some compact
attractor. The possibility of escape to infinity is considered. Our present
approach is based on Hilbert space, and the theory of representations of the
Cuntz algebras O_n, n=2,3,.... While the more traditional approaches to IFS's
start with some equilibrium measure, ours doesn't. Rather, we construct a
Hilbert space directly from a given IFS; and our construction uses instead
families of measures. Starting with a fixed IFS S_n, with n branches, we prove
existence of an associated representation of O_n, and we show that the
representation is universal in a certain sense. We further prove a theorem
about a direct correspondence between a given system S_n, and an associated
sub-representation of the universal representation of O_n.Comment: 22 pages, 3 figures containing 7 EPS graphics; LaTeX2e ("elsart"
document class); v2 reflects change in Comments onl

### Wavelets in mathematical physics: q-oscillators

We construct representations of a q-oscillator algebra by operators on Fock
space on positive matrices. They emerge from a multiresolution scaling
construction used in wavelet analysis. The representations of the Cuntz Algebra
arising from this multiresolution analysis are contained as a special case in
the Fock Space construction.Comment: (03/11/03):18 pages; LaTeX2e, "article" document class with
"letterpaper" option An outline was added under the abstract (p.1),
paragraphs added to Introduction (p.2), mat'l added to Proofs in Theorems 1
and 6 (pgs.5&17), material added to text for the conclusion (p.17), one add'l
reference added [12]. (04/22/03):"number 1" replace with "term C" (p.9),
single sentences reformed into a one paragraph (p.13), QED symbol moved up
one paragraph and last paragraph labeled as "Concluding Remarks.

### Spectral reciprocity and matrix representations of unbounded operators

Motivated by potential theory on discrete spaces, we study a family of
unbounded Hermitian operators in Hilbert space which generalize the usual
graph-theoretic discrete Laplacian. These operators are discrete analogues of
the classical conformal Laplacians and Hamiltonians from statistical mechanics.
For an infinite discrete set $X$, we consider operators acting on Hilbert
spaces of functions on $X$, and their representations as infinite matrices; the
focus is on $\ell^2(X)$, and the energy space $\mathcal{H}_{\mathcal E}$. In
particular, we prove that these operators are always essentially self-adjoint
on $\ell^2(X)$, but may fail to be essentially self-adjoint on
$\mathcal{H}_{\mathcal E}$. In the general case, we examine the von Neumann
deficiency indices of these operators and explore their relevance in
mathematical physics. Finally we study the spectra of the
$\mathcal{H}_{\mathcal E}$ operators with the use of a new approximation
scheme.Comment: 20 pages, 1 figure. To appear: Journal of Functional Analysi

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