313 research outputs found

    Young Guns: How Gun Violence Is Devastating the Millennial Generation

    Get PDF
    While guns play a role in so many deaths of America's youth, very few public health research dollars are spent to understand the causes of this epidemic and develop policy solutions to address it. In the wake of the tragedy at Sandy Hook Elementary School in December 2012, the issue of gun violence has received renewed attention in this country, and many voices are now calling for solutions to this public health crisis.In this environment of increased focus on gun violence, Millennials' voices are crucial. As discussed in detail below, young Americans suffer disproportionately from gun violence. Beyond the numbers, which are startling, the voices of young people must be heard and the stories told about the effect of this violence on their lives and communities.In this report, we present data on the disproportionate impact of gun violence on young people; discuss the prevalence of young people as perpetrators of such violence and the ramifications of involvement in the criminal justice system; and highlight poll numbers indicating that Millennials are increasingly concerned about the presence of guns in their communities. With an American under the age of 25 dying by gunfire every 70 minutes, we must all recognize that gun violence among youth is an urgent problem that must be addressed

    Havelian Presidency: A Study in Theory & Practice

    Get PDF
    Despite former dissident and Czech president Václav Havel?s widespread influence, his presidency has not been seriously considered as a framework for how one should head a government. Havel is known for and evaluated most in terms of his sweeping moral principles and philosophical treatises, but I wish to know whether his presidency passes the test that he provides so clearly in his written works and speeches. Specifically, I will examine how Havel?s philosophical ideas translate to his political acts as president. I will select one international, one domestic, and one economic policy that Havel actively advocated for and instituted, and which prima facie appears to contradict his political philosophy. I will then examine these policies through the lens of his prior-written plays and philosophical treatises to determine whether his political theory works in practice, whether his actions can be justified in the terms of his theory, and whether it constitutes a viable method of governing. Essentially, it will be a study in theory and practice. My lens is rather narrow as I will be looking at specific presidential acts of Havel?s and how they relate to his worldview. In doing these things, I hope to ascertain the practical manifestations of and/or inconsistencies in Havel?s conception of a good president. The end result of my thesis will either confirm scholarly suspicions of Havel?s presidential mediocrity, or prove the opposite and thereby serve as an externally applicable framework for morally and politically sound action

    Havelian Presidency: A Study in Theory & Practice

    Get PDF
    Despite former dissident and Czech president Václav Havel’s widespread influence, his presidency has not been seriously considered as a framework for how one should head a government. A reasoned and thorough examination of Havel’s presidency is conspicuously absent in the existing literature. Havel is known for and evaluated most in terms of his sweeping moral principles and philosophical treatises, but I wish to know whether his 13-year presidency passes the test of ideal world leadership that he provides so clearly in his written works and speeches. Specifically, I develop a set of ideal traits for world leadership and then examine how this philosophical and political ideal translates to his political acts as president. I have selected one criminal justice, one defense, and one economic policy that Havel actively advocated for and instituted. These policies were either controversial or prima facie appear to contradict his political philosophy. Since Havel was both a playwright and philosopher, I then examine these policies through the lens of his prior-written plays and philosophical treatises – as well as my seven traits for ideal world leadership, extrapolated from his writings – to determine whether his political theory works in practice, whether his actions can be justified in the terms of his theory, and whether it constitutes a viable method of governing. The end result of my thesis will have either confirmed scholarly suspicions of Havel’s presidential mediocrity, or proved the opposite and thereby serve as an externally applicable framework for morally and politically sound action. The latter reflects my determination that Havel was indeed a good president and an effective world leader

    Physical Activity Guidelines in Patients with Hemophilia: Benefits, Barriers, and Recommendations

    Get PDF
    Hemophilia describes a group of genetic disorders that lead to the dysfunction of proteins involved in the clotting cascade.1 These proteins, also known as coagulation factors, are required to form clots and ultimately cessate bleeding. Although there are three distinct forms of congenital hemophilia (hemophilia A, hemophilia B, and hemophilia C), the affected proteins (factor VIII, factor IX, and factor XI, respectively), are within the same pathway leading to the formation of a clot. In condensed terms, each of these factors play a role in the ultimate activation of thrombin, which activates fibrinogen to form a fibrin clot and solidify the platelet plug. In patients with hemophilia, the affected protein is absent or deficient, leading to prolonged bleeding times

    Caught up

    Get PDF

    Causal pathways of rebel defection from negotiated settlements: a theory of strategic alliances

    Get PDF
    While it is widely accepted that negotiated settlements are prone to breakdown, our understanding of the processes through which signatories defect lacks precision. A growing qualitative literature recognizes the potential for rebel group fluidity, yet the conflict field's converging reliance on dyadic data obscures pathways of defection that result in splintering or merger in quantitative studies. An in-depth case study of a failed peace process in Uganda - which is misclassified in the extant data - helps to illustrate the ways in which excluded groups can lower the opportunity cost of defection for splintering factions, resulting in a strategic alliance. I test the generalizability of this argument against the full sample of rebel parties to settlements in Sub-Saharan Africa (1975-2015) using a large-N qualitative analysis of causal process observations (CPOs). The aggregated results provide strong evidence that the defection-by-alliance pathway is much more prevalent than previously recognized, accounting for more than one-third of all defections in the sample. Where settlements create shared incentives for stakeholders inside and outside the peace process to spoil, rebel elites appear more willing to bear the costs of an alliance with a rival, rather than surrendering under adverse conditions

    Beyond the Buzzwords: A Framework of Inclusive Excellence for Leader Hiring and Training at The Experiment in International Living

    Get PDF
    “Beyond the Buzzwords” examines practices in group leader hiring and training at The Experiment in International Living (The Experiment) through a lens of equity, diversity, and inclusion, focusing primarily on racial identity and whiteness. As members of the diverse Generation Z, Experiment students experience myriad manifestations of social identity, amplified by the context of their host countries. Their adult group leaders, who historically are majority white female, are the stewards of their educational experience, responsible for mitigating identity-related incidents while supporting all students’ learning and growth. Drawing upon principles of experiential and transformative learning, social justice education, student identity development, white fragility, and the nuance of identity abroad, Beyond the Buzzwords comprises recommendations for The Experiment to implement throughout the entirety of group leaders’ experience with the organization. Striving for inclusive excellence as it pertains to leaders both at The Experiment and in the field of international education, the framework centers on three core areas of focus: access (diversity of the leader cohort), awareness (critical identity self-reflection), and action (equitable and inclusive practices)

    From Options to Action: A Roadmap for City Leaders to Connect Formerly Incarcerated Individuals to Work

    Get PDF
    On February 28, 2008, P/PV, along with The United States Conference of Mayors, the Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service at NYU and the City of New York, convened the Mayors Summit on Reentry and Employment, where 150 city leaders, policymakers, practitioners and academics came together from more than 20 cities to share strategies for connecting formerly incarcerated people to the labor market. From Options to Action was inspired and informed by discussions that took place at the Summit, as well as P/PV's experience in the field and a review of pertinent literature. It is meant to provide a framework for reentry efforts, with guidance for cities in early planning phases as well as those implementing more advanced strategies. The report presents practical steps for achieving a more coordinated, comprehensive approach to reentry at the city level, including identifying and convening relevant stakeholders, addressing city-level barriers to employment, engaging the business community and working with county, state and federal leaders to implement collaborative approaches and produce needed policy change.Because mayors and other municipal leaders are confronted with the day-to-day reality of prison and jail reentry and see its detrimental effects in their cities, many have already begun to seek out, test and refine lasting solutions. We hope this publication will support their efforts, as they work to interrupt the revolving door of recidivism -- and offer hope to returning prisoners, their families and communities

    Numerical Modelling of Species Exchange in a 3D Porous Medium: Modelling Exchange Within the Human Lung

    Get PDF
    The volume-averaged oxygen transport equation is closed using a volume-averaged form of Fick’s law of diffusion between the air and tissue to simulate species exchange within the lungs’ alveoli using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) 3D conjugate domain model. Pore level simulations of a terminal alveolated duct are used to determine that the transport of inhaled oxygen from the cluster inlet to the alveolar walls is diffusion dominated. The resistance to oxygen diffusion into the tissue is found to be a function of the tidal volume and tissue transport properties, with a maximum respiration frequency at which the full amount of oxygen available can be exchanged per breath dependent on the tidal volume. The simulated exhaled oxygen and carbon dioxide compositions match experimental values for regular resting respiration. Therefore, this model provides a viable new approach to modelling species exchange within the alveoli
    • …
    corecore