35 research outputs found

    Measurement of single electron spin with sub-micron Hall magnetometer

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    Submicron Hall magnetometry has been demonstrated as an efficient technique to probe extremely weak magnetic fields. In this letter, we analyze the possibility of employing it to detect single electron spin. Signal strength and readout time are estimated and discussed with respect to a number of practical issues.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figur

    Non-Markovian correlation functions for open quantum systems

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    Beyond the conventional quantum regression theorem, a general formula for non-Markovian correlation functions of arbitrary system operators both in the time- and frequency-domain is given. We approach the problem by transforming the conventional time-nonlocal master equation into dispersed time-local equations-of-motion. The validity of our approximations is discussed and we find that the non-Markovian terms have to be included for short times. While calculations of the density matrix at short times suffer from the initial value problem, a correlation function has a well defined initial state. The resulting formula for the non-Markovian correlation function has a simple structure and is as convenient in its application as the conventional quantum regression theorem for the Markovian case. For illustrations, we apply our method to investigate the spectrum of the current fluctuations of interacting quantum dots contacted with two electrodes. The corresponding non-Markovian characteristics are demonstrated.Comment: 11 pages, 5 figure

    Optical Manipulation of Single Electron Spin in Doped and Undoped Quantum Dots

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    The optical manipulation of electron spins is of great benefit to solid-state quantum information processing. In this letter, we provide a comparative study on the ultrafast optical manipulation of single electron spin in the doped and undoped quantum dots. The study indicates that the experimental breakthrough can be preliminarily made in the undoped quantum dots, because of the relatively less demand.Comment: 3 pages, 3 figure

    Theoretical investigation of the dynamic electronic response of a quantum dot driven by time-dependent voltage

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    We present a comprehensive theoretical investigation on the dynamic electronic response of a noninteracting quantum dot system to various forms of time-dependent voltage applied to the single contact lead. Numerical simulations are carried out by implementing a recently developed hierarchical equations of motion formalism [J. Chem. Phys. 128, 234703 (2008)], which is formally exact for a fermionic system interacting with grand canonical fermionic reservoirs, in the presence of arbitrary time-dependent applied chemical potentials. The dynamical characteristics of the transient transport current evaluated in both linear and nonlinear response regimes are analyzed, and the equivalent classic circuit corresponding to the coupled dot-lead system is also discussed

    Exact dynamics of dissipative electronic systems and quantum transport: Hierarchical equations of motion approach

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    A quantum dissipation theory is formulated in terms of hierarchically coupled equations of motion for an arbitrary electronic system coupled with grand canonical Fermion bath ensembles. The theoretical construction starts with the second--quantization influence functional in path integral formalism, in which the Fermion creation and annihilation operators are represented by Grassmann variables. Time--derivatives on influence functionals are then performed in a hierarchical manner, on the basis of calculus--on--path--integral algorithm. Both the multiple--frequency--dispersion and the non-Markovian reservoir parametrization schemes are considered for the desired hierarchy construction. The resulting formalism is in principle exact, applicable to interacting systems, with arbitrary time-dependent external fields. It renders an exact tool to evaluate various transient and stationary quantum transport properties of many-electron systems. At the second--tier truncation level the present theory recovers the real--time diagrammatic formalism developed by Sch\"{o}n and coworkers. For a single-particle system, the hierarchical formalism terminates at the second tier exactly, and the Landuer--B\"{u}ttiker's transport current expression is readily recovered.Comment: The new versio