4,351 research outputs found

### On singular values distribution of a large auto-covariance matrix in the ultra-dimensional regime

Let $(\varepsilon_{t})_{t>0}$ be a sequence of independent real random vectors of $p$-dimension and let $X_T=\sum_{t=s+1}^{s+T}\varepsilon_t\varepsilon^T_{t-s}/T$ be the lag-$s$ ($s$ is a fixed positive integer) auto-covariance matrix of $\varepsilon_t$. This paper investigates the limiting behavior of the singular values of $X_T$ under the so-called {\em ultra-dimensional regime} where $p\to\infty$ and $T\to\infty$ in a related way such that $p/T\to 0$. First, we show that the singular value distribution of $X_T$ after a suitable normalization converges to a nonrandom limit $G$ (quarter law) under the forth-moment condition. Second, we establish the convergence of its largest singular value to the right edge of $G$. Both results are derived using the moment method.Comment: 32 pages, 2 figure

### Randi\'c energy and Randi\'c eigenvalues

Let $G$ be a graph of order $n$, and $d_i$ the degree of a vertex $v_i$ of $G$. The Randi\'c matrix ${\bf R}=(r_{ij})$ of $G$ is defined by $r_{ij} = 1 / \sqrt{d_jd_j}$ if the vertices $v_i$ and $v_j$ are adjacent in $G$ and $r_{ij}=0$ otherwise. The normalized signless Laplacian matrix $\mathcal{Q}$ is defined as $\mathcal{Q} =I+\bf{R}$, where $I$ is the identity matrix. The Randi\'c energy is the sum of absolute values of the eigenvalues of $\bf{R}$. In this paper, we find a relation between the normalized signless Laplacian eigenvalues of $G$ and the Randi\'c energy of its subdivided graph $S(G)$. We also give a necessary and sufficient condition for a graph to have exactly $k$ and distinct Randi\'c eigenvalues.Comment: 7 page

### On the sphericity test with large-dimensional observations

In this paper, we propose corrections to the likelihood ratio test and John's test for sphericity in large-dimensions. New formulas for the limiting parameters in the CLT for linear spectral statistics of sample covariance matrices with general fourth moments are first established. Using these formulas, we derive the asymptotic distribution of the two proposed test statistics under the null. These asymptotics are valid for general population, i.e. not necessarily Gaussian, provided a finite fourth-moment. Extensive Monte-Carlo experiments are conducted to assess the quality of these tests with a comparison to several existing methods from the literature. Moreover, we also obtain their asymptotic power functions under the alternative of a spiked population model as a specific alternative.Comment: 37 pages, 3 figure
• β¦