190 research outputs found

    Quantum computation using weak nonlinearities: robustness against decoherence

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    We investigate decoherence effects in the recently suggested quantum computation scheme using weak nonlinearities, strong probe coherent fields, detection and feedforward methods. It is shown that in the weak-nonlinearity-based quantum gates, decoherence in nonlinear media it can be made arbitrarily small simply by using arbitrarily strong probe fields, if photon number resolving detection is used. On the contrary, we find that homodyne detection with feedforward is not appropriate for this scheme because in this case decoherence rapidly increases as the probe field gets larger.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figures, 1 table, to be published in Phys. Rev.

    Testing Bell inequalities with photon-subtracted Gaussian states

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    Recently, photon subtracted Gaussian states (PSGSs) were generated by several experimental groups. Those states were called "Schr\"odinger kittens" due to their similarities to superpositions of coherent states (SCSs) with small amplitudes. We compare the ideal SCSs and the PSGSs for experimental tests of certain types of Bell inequalities. In particular, we analyze the effects of the key experimental components used to generate PSGSs: mixedness of the Gaussian states, limited transmittivity of the beam splitter and the avalanche photodetector which cannot resolve photon numbers. As a result of this analysis, the degrees of mixedness and the beam splitter transmittivity that can be allowed for successful tests of Bell inequalities are revealed.Comment: 9 pages, 7 figures, to be published in Phys. Rev.
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