1,840 research outputs found

    Myspace, Yourspace, But Not Theirspace: The Constitutionality of Banning Sex Offenders From Social Networking Sites

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    In recent years there has been intense public pressure to enact increasingly restrictive and intrusive sex offender laws. The regulation of sex offenders has now moved online, where a growing amount of protected expression and activity occurs. The latest trend in sex offender policy has been the passage of state laws prohibiting sex offenders from visiting social networking sites, such as Myspace or Facebook. The use of these websites implicates the First Amendment right of expressive association. Broad social-networking-site bans threaten the First Amendment expressive association rights of sex offenders, who do not lose all of their constitutional rights by virtue of their conviction. Although social-networking-site bans are politically attractive on the surface, such prohibitions are fundamentally flawed because they are predicated on a number of widespread misconceptions about sex offenses and sex offender behavior. These misconceptions include the beliefs that all registered sex offenders are violent sexual predators who have extremely high recidivism rates and that Internet predators are increasing the incidence of sex crimes against minors. In fact, there is very little evidence to indicate that this type of legislation will help reduce sexual violence. This Note argues for empirically based and narrowly tailored sex offender policies that will strike the appropriate balance between protecting minors from sexual abuse and respecting sex offenders\u27 constitutional rights. Such an approach is more likely to help rehabilitate offenders and thus protect children and others from sexual predators

    Fearless Friday: Jasmine Matos

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    This week Surge is honored to highlight Jasmine Matos for Fearless Friday! Originally from the Bronx in NYC, Jasmine is here at Gettysburg majoring in Health Sciences and minoring in Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies. She now finds herself in her last semester at Gettysburg College and is trying to make the most of it. She’s the Captain of B.O.M.B. Squad, a member of the Black Student Union (BSU), a member of the Latin American Student Association (LASA), and she works in the Admissions Office. [excerpt

    Όλα καλά (All is fine): Greece and its denial of economic and financial negligence

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    This paper aims to compile past research on the sovereign debt crisis as well as the formation and role of monetary unions, specifically optimal currency areas. It further analyzes the causes as well as possible future consequences for Greece and the European Monetary Union (EMU). It will provide a history of how Greece reached the debt levels it did and the measures taken by the EMU over the past decade. There are multiple responsible parties for the conditions that have prevailed in Greece. These parties include the investors in Greek assets, the EMU, and the rating agencies as well as the Greek government and Greek citizens. Investors have a responsibility to inform themselves of the economic and financial conditions of their investments; however, without the due diligence of the ratings agencies and with the corruption prevalent in the Greek economy, their job became exceedingly difficult. The European Monetary Union failed to monitor excessive deficit levels of member countries, but Greece also falsified its financials to allow for its admittance into the monetary union. The thesis further draws the connection between corruption, interest rates, and Greece’s debt accumulation. The excessive build-up of debt (that resulted in the sovereign debt crisis and collapse of the economy) was ultimately a result of the Greek government overspending to meet the standard of living expectations of Greek citizens. The primary consequences discussed are the results of Greece’s continued membership in the monetary union versus a possible “grexit” (Greece leaving the union). The hypothetical benefits and drawbacks to both options are evaluated. The thesis concludes with my recommendation for a focus on fiscal and political unity to reduce the probability that such a crisis will occur in the future. One of the fundamental reasons for the creation of the EMU was to promote a positive relationship between admitted countries, but the crisis has strained those relationships. The only way to rebuild the monetary union is to understand what happened in the first place and implement future strategies to protect those relationships

    Student-Centered Outreach Initiatives in University Archives: Promoting Alternatives to Top-Down Outreach Approaches

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    The university archive holds memorabilia of campus history that is often overlooked by undergraduate students. Some university archivists have emphasized the importance of increased, intentional outreach to undergraduate students with the goals of educating students about the value of archives, providing instruction for the use of primary source materials, and presenting archival services to potential post-graduate patrons. These efforts, though student focused, do not center the perspectives or contributions of the target audience. University archivists and special collections librarians must engage in student-centered outreach that builds relationships with undergraduate students by assisting in campus life documentation, providing resources for student-led projects, and holding discussions with students to address questions, comments, and concerns about the archives. Student-centered outreach requires breaking away from the top-down, bottom-up model that emphasizes faculty and staff projects and including undergraduate student input in outreach initiatives

    Accounting Information Systems: Ethics, Fraudulent Behavior, and Preventative Measures

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    Most business organizations have implemented Accounting Information Systems to improve efficiency and to help optimize use of company resources. The evolution of Information Technology within financial and accounting processes has brought new ethical issues, forms of fraudulent behavior, and mechanisms to prevent compromising confidential, sensitive, and personal information. This investigation focuses on the evolution of Accounting Information Systems and their controls for limiting fraud and misconduct in financial and accounting processes

    The diffusion of satellite radio: A study of earlier adopters and non-adopters

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    This study examined the current and potential audience of satellite radio by using Roger\u27s diffusion of innovations theory as a theoretical framework (Rogers, 1962, 1971, 1983, 1995, 2003). Survey research was conducted in June of 2006 to discover adopters\u27 and non-adopters\u27 perceptions of satellite radio and competing technologies, their socioeconomic characteristics, demographics, and mass media use; Results of the survey indicated that the average earlier adopters of satellite radio are nearly 32 years of age, earned an average gross annual income of {dollar}40,000 to {dollar}50,000, and had more formal education than non-subscribers. The average non-adopter of satellite radio was nearly 26 years of age, averaged {dollar}20,000 to {dollar}30,000 gross annual income, and had some college education. Additionally, satellite radio subscribers more often than non-subscribers owned video game systems, video cameras, and TiVo

    Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry Imaging of ZP1609 and Amyloid Beta

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    The revolutionary development of soft ionization techniques like matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) has opened up the possibilities for mass spectrometry (MS) in protein detection, identification, and sequencing. The ability of MALDI MS to acquire images of intact tissue sections offer an additional dimension of analysis where location information can be attained. Visualization of biological systems help to unravel the complexities of cells, drug pathways, and disease pathology. However, the capabilities of MALDI MS imaging are often being questioned, as signals are typically biased towards the most abundant component within a complex sample. Within biological tissue samples, the most abundant components are salts and lipids making it difficult for compounds such as proteins and peptides to ionize and be detected. In this thesis, sample preparation techniques are investigated to help improve the detection sensitivity of MALDI MSI for proteins and peptides through investigation of ZP1609 and the amyloid ß (Aß) protein. ZP1609 is an antiarrhythmic drug designed to protect against cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury, and Aß oligomers are strongly correlated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) pathology. Both of which are considered lower abundance compounds within samples analyzed, and therefore ideal candidates for the work described herein. This thesis presents MALDI MS capabilities in the detection of noncovalent complexes by distinguishing variations in in vitro Aß composition for different sample preparatory procedures. Furthermore, a reduction in ion suppression effects by salts and lipids was demonstrated with increased MALDI MSI detection sensitivity for the target peptide. Most noticeably, an additional acidification protocol generated images of greater detection sensitivity, and spatial resolution. Introduction of solid-phase extraction (SPE) by means of magnetic bead application was designed to improve the extraction of proteins from tissue sections. The C18 functionalized magnetic beads provided signal enhancement capabilities for varying concentrations of Aß1-42 samples, however difficulties were encountered when applied for MALDI MSI analysis. Nonetheless, the application of SPE for targeted analyte extraction prior to MALDI MS analysis was beneficial in improving detection sensitivity of Aß proteins with and without the presence of contaminants from tissue sections

    When Is A Journey Sacred? Exploring Twelve Properties of the Sacred

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    One of the first definitive works on the concept of the sacred was Emile Durkheim’s 1912 work The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life. In it, he defined the sacred in opposition to the profane. The next major work on the sacred was not until Mircea Eliade’s The Sacred and the Profane, in 1959. A review of the literature since that time reveals that the thinking on the sacred/profane dichotomy has changed little since these seminal writings. A useful tool for examining the sacred was created in 1989 when Belk, Wallendorf and Sherry explored the dichotomy as it relates to consumer behaviour. Here they identified twelve properties of the sacred: hierophany, kratophany, myth, mystery, sacrifice, ritual, opposition to the profane, contamination, communitas, commitment, objectification, and ecstasy and flow. These properties can be used to explore the sacred in the context of modern pilgrimage. One source of information about modern pilgrimage is travel narratives. Travel narratives are part of the quest genre, a romantic narrative where travellers are compelled to journey for that which is sacred. The quest genre is a metaphorical vehicle for narrating a spiritual journey composed of several stages, the call to journey, preparation, the journey itself, and returning. This paper explores the properties of the sacred, drawing evidence from travel narratives, to explore the qualities of sacred journey

    Service Quality on Customer Satisfaction of ITC Gardenia, Bengaluru- A Conceptual Study

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    Customer satisfaction measures the extent of happiness and contentment of the customers after the use of the product or service. The origin of marketing starts from identifying customer needs and wants and goes beyond fulfilling these needs to achieve customer satisfaction. The main objective of this study is to determine and measure the satisfaction of the ITC Gardenia consumers using SERVQUAL scale’s dimensions. The key areas of the study is to identify what are the key factors influencing the level of satisfaction derived by the ITC customers and frame a conceptual model. The future scope of this study pertains to adding more dimensions of customer satisfaction in order to cover a complete measure of it in the hotel industry. Keywords: Customer Satisfaction, service quality, SERVQUAL, ITC Gardeni

    Education debt and making a career choice in the public, private, and nonprofit sectors

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    We surveyed a sample of Millennial college seniors who are job seekers to investigate if: (1) education debt discourages students from pursuing (lower paying) public or nonprofit careers, and (2) whether PSM overrides the considerations students might make about entering lower paying sectors (i.e., public and nonprofit sectors) as their education debt rises. To our surprise, we find that education debt is related to a greater propensity to select lower paying public sector careers but not lower paying nonprofit jobs (except for those with high debt loads). Moderate levels of PSM are required for students to select public sector careers and high levels of PSM are required for students to select nonprofit careers with rising education debt. We conclude that individuals with a high debt load may be attracted to public policy setting and select public sector careers, while those who display empathy and compassion are attracted to nonprofit work in service to others
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