10,542 research outputs found

### Pressure effects on the heavy-fermion antiferromagnet CeAuSb2

The f-electron compound CeAuSb2, which crystallizes in the ZrCuSi2-type
tetragonal structure, orders antiferromagnetically between 5 and 6.8 K, where
the antiferromagnetic transition temperature T_N depends on the occupancy of
the Au site. Here we report the electrical resistivity and heat capacity of a
high-quality crystal CeAuSb2 with T_N of 6.8 K, the highest for this compound.
The magnetic transition temperature is initially suppressed with pressure, but
is intercepted by a new magnetic state above 2.1 GPa. The new phase shows a
dome shape with pressure and coexists with another phase at pressures higher
than 4.7 GPa. The electrical resistivity shows a T^2 Fermi liquids behavior in
the complex magnetic state, and the residual resistivity and the T^2
resistivity coefficient increases with pressure, suggesting the possibility of
a magnetic quantum critical point at a higher pressure.Comment: 5 pages, 5 firure

### Hybridization gap and Fano resonance in SmB${_6}$

We present results of Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Spectroscopy (STS)
measurements on the "Kondo insulator" SmB$_6$. The vast majority of surface
areas investigated was reconstructed but, infrequently, also patches of varying
size of non-reconstructed, Sm- or B-terminated surfaces were found. On the
smallest patches, clear indications for the hybridization gap and
inter-multiplet transitions were observed. On non-reconstructed surface areas
large enough for coherent co-tunneling we were able to observe clear-cut Fano
resonances. Our locally resolved STS indicated considerable finite conductance
on all surfaces independent of their structure.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure

### Interpolation function of the genocchi type polynomials

The main purpose of this paper is to construct not only generating functions
of the new approach Genocchi type numbers and polynomials but also
interpolation function of these numbers and polynomials which are related to a,
b, c arbitrary positive real parameters. We prove multiplication theorem of
these polynomials. Furthermore, we give some identities and applications
associated with these numbers, polynomials and their interpolation functions.Comment: 14 page

### Putative spin liquid in the triangle-based iridate Ba$_3$IrTi$_2$O$_9$

We report on thermodynamic, magnetization, and muon spin relaxation
measurements of the strong spin-orbit coupled iridate Ba$_3$IrTi$_2$O$_9$,
which constitutes a new frustration motif made up a mixture of edge- and
corner-sharing triangles. In spite of strong antiferromagnetic exchange
interaction of the order of 100~K, we find no hint for long-range magnetic
order down to 23 mK. The magnetic specific heat data unveil the $T$-linear and
-squared dependences at low temperatures below 1~K. At the respective
temperatures, the zero-field muon spin relaxation features a persistent spin
dynamics, indicative of unconventional low-energy excitations. A comparison to
the $4d$ isostructural compound Ba$_3$RuTi$_2$O$_9$ suggests that a concerted
interplay of compass-like magnetic interactions and frustrated geometry
promotes a dynamically fluctuating state in a triangle-based iridate.Comment: Physical Review B accepte

### Correlation effects in CaCu3Ru4O12

We have investigated the electronic structure of CaCu3Ru4O12 and LaCu3Ru4O12
using soft x-ray photoelectron and absorption spectroscopy together with band
structure and cluster configuration interaction calculations. We found the Cu
to be in a robust divalent ionic state while the Ru is more itinerant in
character and stabilizes the metallic state. Substitution of Ca by La
predominantly affects the Ru states. We observed strong correlation effects in
the Cu 3d states affecting the valence band line shape considerably. Using
resonant photoelectron spectroscopy at the Cu L3 edge we were able to unveil
the position of the Zhang-Rice singlet states in the one-electron removal
spectrum of the Cu with respect to the Ru-derived metallic bands in the
vicinity of the chemical potential

### Superconducting energy gap in MgCNi3 single crystals: Point-contact spectroscopy and specific-heat measurements

Specific heat has been measured down to 600 mK and up to 8 Tesla by the
highly sensitive AC microcalorimetry on the MgCNi3 single crystals with Tc ~ 7
K. Exponential decay of the electronic specific heat at low temperatures proved
that a superconducting energy gap is fully open on the whole Fermi surface, in
agreement with our previous magnetic penetration depth measurements on the same
crystals. The specific-heat data analysis shows consistently the strong
coupling strength 2D/kTc ~ 4. This scenario is supported by the direct gap
measurements via the point-contact spectroscopy. Moreover, the spectroscopy
measurements show a decrease in the critical temperature at the sample surface
accounting for the observed differences of the superfluid density deduced from
the measurements by different techniques

### Conjugate field and fluctuation-dissipation relation for the dynamic phase transition in the two-dimensional kinetic Ising model

The two-dimensional kinetic Ising model, when exposed to an oscillating
applied magnetic field, has been shown to exhibit a nonequilibrium,
second-order dynamic phase transition (DPT), whose order parameter Q is the
period-averaged magnetization. It has been established that this DPT falls in
the same universality class as the equilibrium phase transition in the
two-dimensional Ising model in zero applied field. Here we study for the first
time the scaling of the dynamic order parameter with respect to a nonzero,
period-averaged, magnetic `bias' field, H_b, for a DPT produced by a
square-wave applied field. We find evidence that the scaling exponent,
\delta_d, of H_b at the critical period of the DPT is equal to the exponent for
the critical isotherm, \delta_e, in the equilibrium Ising model. This implies
that H_b is a significant component of the field conjugate to Q. A finite-size
scaling analysis of the dynamic order parameter above the critical period
provides further support for this result. We also demonstrate numerically that,
for a range of periods and values of H_b in the critical region, a
fluctuation-dissipation relation (FDR), with an effective temperature
T_{eff}(T, P, H_0) depending on the period, and possibly the temperature and
field amplitude, holds for the variables Q and H_b. This FDR justifies the use
of the scaled variance of Q as a proxy for the nonequilibrium susceptibility,
\partial / \partial H_b, in the critical region.Comment: revised version; 31 pages, 12 figures; accepted by Phys. Rev.

### Hamiltonian analysis of Poincar\'e gauge theory scalar modes

The Hamiltonian constraint formalism is used to obtain the first explicit
complete analysis of non-trivial viable dynamic modes for the Poincar\'e gauge
theory of gravity. Two modes with propagating spin-zero torsion are analyzed.
The explicit form of the Hamiltonian is presented. All constraints are obtained
and classified. The Lagrange multipliers are derived. It is shown that a
massive spin-$0^-$ mode has normal dynamical propagation but the associated
massless $0^-$ is pure gauge. The spin-$0^+$ mode investigated here is also
viable in general. Both modes exhibit a simple type of ``constraint
bifurcation'' for certain special field/parameter values.Comment: 28 pages, LaTex, submitted to International Journal of Modern Physics

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