146 research outputs found

    Lepton asymmetries and the growth of cosmological seed magnetic fields

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    Primordial cosmological hypermagnetic fields polarize the early Universe plasma prior to the electroweak phase transition (EWPT). As a result of the long range parity violating gauge interaction present in the Standard Model their magnitude gets amplified, opening a new, perturbative way, of accounting for the observed intergalactic magnetic fields.Comment: 4 pages, no figures, final published version available online at http://www.iop.org/EJ/abstract/1029-8479/2008/03/06

    A theory for scotogenic dark matter stabilised by residual gauge symmetry

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    Dark matter stability can result from a residual matter-parity symmetry, following naturally from the spontaneous breaking of the gauge symmetry. Here we explore this idea in the context of the SU(3)⊗SU(3)⊗U(1)⊗U(1) electroweak extension of the standard model. The key feature of our new scotogenic dark matter theory is the use of a triplet scalar boson with anti-symmetric Yukawa couplings. This naturally implies that one of the light neutrinos is massless and, as a result, there is a lower bound for the 0νββ decay rate

    Updated limits on visibly and invisibly decaying Higgs bosons from LEP

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    Talk presented at the XXIX Rencontres de Moriond, Electroweak Interactions and Unified Theories, March 12-19, 1994, MeribelTalk presented at the XXIX Rencontres de Moriond, Electroweak Interactions and Unified Theories, March 12-19, 1994, MeribelTalk presented at the XXIX Rencontres de Moriond, Electroweak Interactions and Unified Theories, March 12-19, 1994, Meribe

    A SUSY A4 model for fermion masses and mixings

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    We study a supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model based on discrete A4xZ3xZ4 flavor symmetry. We obtain quark mixing angles as well as a realistic fermion mass spectrum and we predict tribimaximal leptonic mixing by a spontaneous breaking of A4. The top quark Yukawa interaction is present at the renormalizable level in the superpotential while all the other Yukawa interactions arise only at higher orders. We study the Higgs potential and show that it can potentially solve the so called vacuum alignment problem. The leading order predictions are not spoiled by subleading corrections.Comment: version accepted in JHEP, Z3xZ2 changed in Z3xZ4, typos in table corrected, references adde

    Bilinear R-parity violating SUSY: Neutrinoless double beta decay in the light of solar and atmospheric neutrino data

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    Neutrinoless double beta (\znbb) decay is considered within bilinear R-parity breaking supersymmetry, including the full one-loop corrections to the neutrino-neutralino mass matrix. Expected rates for \znbb decay in this model are discussed in light of recent atmospheric and solar neutrino data. We conclude that (a) tree-level calculations for \znbb decay within the bilinear model are not reliable in the range of parameters preferred by current solar and atmospheric neutrino problems. And (b) if the solar and atmospheric neutrino problems are to be solved within bilinear R-parity violating SUSY the expected rates for \znbb decay are very low; the effective Majorana neutrino mass at most 0.01 eV and typical values being one order of magnitude lower. Observing \znbb decay in the next round of experiments therefore would rule out the bilinear R-parity violating supersymmetric model as an explanation for solar and atmospheric neutrino oscillations, as well as any hierarchical scheme for neutrino masses, unless new neutrino interactions are present.Comment: 1 reference added, enlarged discussion of loop

    A potential test of the CP properties and Majorana nature of neutrinos

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    The scattering of solar neutrinos on electrons may reveal their CP properties, which are particularly sensitive to their Majorana nature. The cross section is sensitive to the neutrino dipole moments through an interference of electro-magnetic and weak amplitudes. We show how future solar neutrino experiments with good angular resolution and low energy threshold, such as Hellaz, can be sensitive to the resulting azimuthal asymmetries in event number, and could therefore provide valuable information on the CP properties and the nature of the neutrinos, provided the solar magnetic field direction is fixed.Comment: 14 pages, 1 figure, eq. (19) corrected. Version to be publishe

    Bounds on sterile neutrino mixing for cosmologically interesting mass range

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    This talk summarizes our recent work which studied the impact of resonant νe→νs\nu_e \to\nu_s and νˉe→νˉs\bar{\nu}_e\to\bar{\nu}_s (νs\nu_s is a sterile neutrino) conversions on supernova physics, under the assumption that the mass of the sterile state is in the few eV -cosmologically significant range.Comment: Latex file, 3 pages including 4 ps figures, Talk given by H. Nunokawa in TAUP97, Gran Sasso, Italy, 7-11 September, 199

    Experimental tests for the Babu-Zee two-loop model of Majorana neutrino masses

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    The smallness of the observed neutrino masses might have a radiative origin. Here we revisit a specific two-loop model of neutrino mass, independently proposed by Babu and Zee. We point out that current constraints from neutrino data can be used to derive strict lower limits on the branching ratio of flavour changing charged lepton decays, such as μ→eγ\mu \to e \gamma. Non-observation of Br(μ→eγ\mu \to e \gamma) at the level of 10−1310^{-13} would rule out singly charged scalar masses smaller than 590 GeV (5.04 TeV) in case of normal (inverse) neutrino mass hierarchy. Conversely, decay branching ratios of the non-standard scalars of the model can be fixed by the measured neutrino angles (and mass scale). Thus, if the scalars of the model are light enough to be produced at the LHC or ILC, measuring their decay properties would serve as a direct test of the model as the origin of neutrino masses.Comment: 14 pages, 16 figure
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