64 research outputs found

    Abelian Functions for Cyclic Trigonal Curves of Genus Four

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    We discuss the theory of generalized Weierstrass σ\sigma and \wp functions defined on a trigonal curve of genus four, following earlier work on the genus three case. The specific example of the "purely trigonal" (or "cyclic trigonal") curve y3=x5+λ4x4+λ3x3+λ2x2+λ1x+λ0y^3=x^5+\lambda_4 x^4 +\lambda_3 x^3+\lambda_2 x^2 +\lambda_1 x+\lambda_0 is discussed in detail, including a list of some of the associated partial differential equations satisfied by the \wp functions, and the derivation of an addition formulae.Comment: 23 page

    Quantum Lattice Solitons

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    The number state method is used to study soliton bands for three anharmonic quantum lattices: i) The discrete nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger equation, ii) The Ablowitz-Ladik system, and iii) A fermionic polaron model. Each of these systems is assumed to have ff-fold translational symmetry in one spatial dimension, where ff is the number of freedoms (lattice points). At the second quantum level (n=2)(n=2) we calculate exact eigenfunctions and energies of pure quantum states, from which we determine binding energy (Eb)(E_{\rm b}), effective mass (m)(m^{*}) and maximum group velocity (Vm)(V_{\rm m}) of the soliton bands as functions of the anharmonicity in the limit ff \to \infty. For arbitrary values of nn we have asymptotic expressions for EbE_{\rm b}, mm^{*}, and VmV_{\rm m} as functions of the anharmonicity in the limits of large and small anharmonicity. Using these expressions we discuss and describe wave packets of pure eigenstates that correspond to classical solitons.Comment: 21 pages, 1 figur

    Localized moving breathers in a 2-D hexagonal lattice

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    We show for the first time that highly localized in-plane breathers can propagate in specific directions with minimal lateral spreading in a model 2-D hexagonal non-linear lattice. The lattice is subject to an on-site potential in addition to longitudinal nonlinear inter-particle interactions. This study investigates the prediction that stable breather-like solitons could be formed as a result of energetic scattering events in a given layered crystal and would propagate in atomic-chain directions in certain atomic planes. This prediction arose from a long-term study of previously unexplained dark lines in natural crystals of muscovite mica.Comment: 6 pages, 2 Figs. Submitted to PR

    Fast energy transfer mediated by multi-quanta bound states in a nonlinear quantum lattice

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    By using a Generalized Hubbard model for bosons, the energy transfer in a nonlinear quantum lattice is studied, with special emphasis on the interplay between local and nonlocal nonlinearity. For a strong local nonlinearity, it is shown that the creation of v quanta on one site excites a soliton band formed by bound states involving v quanta trapped on the same site. The energy is first localized on the excited site over a significant timescale and then slowly delocalizes along the lattice. As when increasing the nonlocal nonlinearity, a faster dynamics occurs and the energy propagates more rapidly along the lattice. Nevertheless, the larger is the number of quanta, the slower is the dynamics. However, it is shown that when the nonlocal nonlinearity reaches a critical value, the lattice suddenly supports a very fast energy propagation whose dynamics is almost independent on the number of quanta. The energy is transfered by specific bound states formed by the superimposition of states involving v-p quanta trapped on one site and p quanta trapped on the nearest neighbour sites, with p=0,..,v-1. These bound states behave as independent quanta and they exhibit a dynamics which is insensitive to the nonlinearity and controlled by the single quantum hopping constant.Comment: 28 pages, 8 figure

    Properties of the series solution for Painlevé I

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    We present some observations on the asymptotic behaviour of the coefficients in the Laurent series expansion of solutions of the first Painlevé equation. For the general solution, explicit recursive formulae for the Taylor expansion of the tau-function around a zero are given, which are natural extensions of analogous formulae for the elliptic sigma function, as given by Weierstrass. Numerical and exact results on the symmetric solution which is singular at the origin are also presented

    Linear rr-Matrix Algebra for Systems Separable\\ in Parabolic Coordinates

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    We consider a hierarchy of many particle systems on the line with polynomial potentials separable in parabolic coordinates. Using the Lax representation, written in terms of 2×22\times 2 matrices for the whole hierarchy, we construct the associated linear rr-matrix algebra with the rr-matrix dependent on the dynamical variables. A dynamical Yang-Baxter equation is discussed.Comment: 10 pages, LaTeX. Submitted to Phys.Lett.

    Spectral Curves of Operators with Elliptic Coefficients

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    A computer-algebra aided method is carried out, for determining geometric objects associated to differential operators that satisfy the elliptic ansatz. This results in examples of Lamé curves with double reduction and in the explicit reduction of the theta function of a Halphen curve

    Generalised Elliptic Functions

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    We consider multiply periodic functions, sometimes called Abelian functions, defined with respect to the period matrices associated with classes of algebraic curves. We realise them as generalisations of the Weierstras P-function using two different approaches. These functions arise naturally as solutions to some of the important equations of mathematical physics and their differential equations, addition formulae, and applications have all been recent topics of study. The first approach discussed sees the functions defined as logarithmic derivatives of the sigma-function, a modified Riemann theta-function. We can make use of known properties of the sigma function to derive power series expansions and in turn the properties mentioned above. This approach has been extended to a wide range of non hyperelliptic and higher genus curves and an overview of recent results is given. The second approach defines the functions algebraically, after first modifying the curve into its equivariant form. This approach allows the use of representation theory to derive a range of results at lower computational cost. We discuss the development of this theory for hyperelliptic curves and how it may be extended in the future.Comment: 16 page

    Transport behaviour of a Bose Einstein condensate in a bichromatic optical lattice

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    The Bloch and dipole oscillations of a Bose Einstein condensate (BEC) in an optical superlattice is investigated. We show that the effective mass increases in an optical superlattice, which leads to localization of the BEC, in accordance with recent experimental observations [16]. In addition, we find that the secondary optical lattice is a useful additional tool to manipulate the dynamics of the atoms.Comment: Modified manuscrip