480 research outputs found

    Continuum mesoscale theory inspired by plasticity

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    We present a simple mesoscale field theory inspired by rate-independent plasticity that reflects the symmetry of the deformation process. We parameterize the plastic deformation by a scalar field which evolves with loading. The evolution equation for that field has the form of a Hamilton-Jacobi equation which gives rise to cusp-singularity formation. These cusps introduce irreversibilities analogous to those seen in plastic deformation of real materials: we observe a yield stress, work hardening, reversibility under unloading, and cell boundary formation.Comment: 7 pages, 5 .eps figures. submitted to Europhysics Letter

    Ising Dynamics with Damping

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    We show for the Ising model that is possible construct a discrete time stochastic model analogous to the Langevin equation that incorporates an arbitrary amount of damping. It is shown to give the correct equilibrium statistics and is then used to investigate nonequilibrium phenomena, in particular, magnetic avalanches. The value of damping can greatly alter the shape of hysteresis loops, and for small damping and high disorder, the morphology of large avalanches can be drastically effected. Small damping also alters the size distribution of avalanches at criticality.Comment: 8 pages, 8 figures, 2 colum

    Work distributions in the T=0 Random Field Ising Model

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    We perform a numerical study of the three-dimensional Random Field Ising Model at T=0. We compare work distributions along metastable trajectories obtained with the single-spin flip dynamics with the distribution of the internal energy change along equilibrium trajectories. The goal is to investigate the possibility of extending the Crooks fluctuation theorem to zero temperature when, instead of the standard ensemble statistics, one considers the ensemble generated by the quenched disorder. We show that a simple extension of Crooks fails close to the disordered induced equilibrium phase transition due to the fact that work and internal energy distributions are very asymmetric

    Analysis of wasp-waisted hysteresis loops in magnetic rocks

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    The random-field Ising model of hysteresis is generalized to dilute magnets and solved on a Bethe lattice. Exact expressions for the major and minor hysteresis loops are obtained. In the strongly dilute limit the model provides a simple and useful understanding of the shapes of hysteresis loops in magnetic rock samples.Comment: 11 pages, 4 figure

    Universal Pulse Shape Scaling Function and Exponents: A Critical Test for Avalanche Models applied to Barkhausen Noise

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    In order to test if the universal aspects of Barkhausen noise in magnetic materials can be predicted from recent variants of the non-equilibrium zero temperature Random Field Ising Model (RFIM), we perform a quantitative study of the universal scaling function derived from the Barkhausen pulse shape in simulations and experiment. Through data collapses and scaling relations we determine the critical exponents τ\tau and 1/σνz1/\sigma\nu z in both simulation and experiment. Although we find agreement in the critical exponents, we find differences between theoretical and experimental pulse shape scaling functions as well as between different experiments.Comment: 19 pages (in preprint format), 5 figures, 1 tabl

    A cluster model with random anisotropy for hysteresis jumps in CeNi1−x_{1-x}Cux_{x} alloys

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    Some Cerium compounds exhibit hysteresis cycles with sharp macroscopic jumps in the magnetization at very low temperatures. This effect is attributed to the formation of clusters in which the anisotropy competes with the applied magnetic field. Here, we present a simple model where a lattice of ferromagnetically coupled spins is separated in clusters of random sizes and with random anisotropy. Within this model, we obtain hysteresis cycles presenting jumps that behave in a similar way that the experimental ones, and that disappear when increasing the temperature. The results are in good agreement with the hysteresis cycles measured at very low temperatures in CeNi1−x_{1-x}Cux_{x} and the comparison with these experimental results allows to discriminate the relative importance of the mechanisms driving the thermal evolution of the cycles.Comment: Accepted in PR

    The role of stationarity in magnetic crackling noise

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    We discuss the effect of the stationarity on the avalanche statistics of Barkhuasen noise signals. We perform experimental measurements on a Fe85_{85}B15_{15} amorphous ribbon and compare the avalanche distributions measured around the coercive field, where the signal is stationary, with those sampled through the entire hysteresis loop. In the first case, we recover the scaling exponents commonly observed in other amorphous materials (τ=1.3\tau=1.3, α=1.5\alpha=1.5). while in the second the exponents are significantly larger (τ=1.7\tau=1.7, α=2.2\alpha=2.2). We provide a quantitative explanation of the experimental results through a model for the depinning of a ferromagnetic domain wall. The present analysis shed light on the unusually high values for the Barkhausen noise exponents measured by Spasojevic et al. [Phys. Rev. E 54 2531 (1996)].Comment: submitted to JSTAT. 11 pages 5 figure
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