938 research outputs found

    Multiple bound states in scissor-shaped waveguides

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    We study bound states of the two-dimensional Helmholtz equations with Dirichlet boundary conditions in an open geometry given by two straight leads of the same width which cross at an angle θ\theta. Such a four-terminal junction with a tunable θ\theta can realized experimentally if a right-angle structure is filled by a ferrite. It is known that for θ=90o\theta=90^o there is one proper bound state and one eigenvalue embedded in the continuum. We show that the number of eigenvalues becomes larger with increasing asymmetry and the bound-state energies are increasing as functions of θ\theta in the interval (0,90o)(0,90^o). Moreover, states which are sufficiently strongly bent exist in pairs with a small energy difference and opposite parities. Finally, we discuss how with increasing θ\theta the bound states transform into the quasi-bound states with a complex wave vector.Comment: 6 pages, 6 figure

    Coherent Control of Ultracold Collisions with Chirped Light: Direction Matters

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    We demonstrate the ability to coherently control ultracold atomic Rb collisions using frequency-chirped light on the nanosecond time scale. For certain center frequencies of the chirp, the rate of inelastic trap-loss collisions induced by negatively chirped light is dramatically suppressed compared to the case of a positive chirp. We attribute this to a fundamental asymmetry in the system: an excited wavepacket always moves inward on the attractive molecular potential. For a positive chirp, the resonance condition moves outward in time, while for a negative chirp, it moves inward, in the same direction as the excited wavepacket; this allows multiple interactions between the wavepacket and the light, enabling the wavepacket to be returned coherently to the ground state. Classical and quantum calculations support this interpretation